George Enescu


George Enescu

George Enescu (pronunciation in Romanian: IPA|/'ʤěor.ʤe e'nes.ku/; known in France as "Georges Enesco") (August 19 1881, Liveni – May 4 1955, Paris) was a Romanian composer, violinist, pianist, conductor and teacher, preeminent Romanian musician of the 20th century, and one of the greatest performers of his time.

Biography

He was born in the village of Liveni, Romania (Dorohoi County at the time, today Botoşani County), and showed musical talent from early in his childhood. A child prodigy, Enescu created his first musical composition at the age of five. Shortly thereafter, his father presented him to the professor and composer Eduard Caudella. At the age of seven, entered the Vienna Conservatory, where he studied with Joseph Hellmesberger, Jr., Robert Fuchs, and Sigismund Bachrich, and graduated before his 13th birthday, earning the silver medal. In his Viennese concerts young Enescu played works by Brahms, Sarasate and Mendelssohn. In 1895 he went to Paris to continue his studies. He studied violin with Martin Pierre Marsick, harmony with André Gédalge, and composition with Jules Massenet and Gabriel Fauré.

Many of Enescu's works were influenced by Romanian folk music, his most popular compositions being the two "Romanian Rhapsodies" (1901–2), the opera "Œdipe" (1936), and the suites for orchestra. He also wrote five symphonies (two of them unfinished), a symphonic poem "Vox maris", and much chamber music (three sonatas for violin and piano, two for cello and piano, a piano trio, quartets with and without piano, a wind decet (French, "dixtuor"), an octet for strings, a piano quintet, a chamber symphony for twelve solo instruments). In 1923 he made his debut as a conductor in a concert given by the Philadelphia Orchestra in New York City. In 1935, he conducted the Orchestre Symphonique de Paris and Yehudi Menuhin in Mozart's Violin Concerto No.3 in G major. He also conducted the New York Philharmonic between 1937 and 1938. In 1939 he married Maria Rosetti (known as the Princess Cantacuzino through her first husband Mihail Cantacuzino), a good friend of the future Queen Marie of Romania. While staying in Bucharest, Enescu lived in the Cantacuzino Palace on Calea Victoriei (now the Muzeu Naţional George Enescu, dedicated to his work).

He lived in Paris and in Romania, but after World War II and the Soviet occupation of Romania, he remained in Paris.

He was also a noted violin teacher. Yehudi Menuhin, Christian Ferras, Ivry Gitlis, Arthur Grumiaux, and Ida Haendel were among his pupils. He promoted contemporary Romanian music, playing works of Constantin Silvestri, Mihail Jora, Ionel Perlea and Marţian Negrea.

On his death in 1955, George Enescu was interred in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

Today, Bucharest houses a museum in his memory; likewise, the Symphony Orchestra of Bucharest, as well as the George Enescu Festival, are named and held in his honor.

Works

Selected Works

:"For a complete list, see List of compositions by George Enescu.

Opera

* "Œdipe", "tragédie lyrique" in four acts, libretto by Edmond Fleg, op. 23 (1910-1931)

Symphonies

* Symphony No. 1 in E flat major, op. 13 (1905)
* Symphony No. 2 in A major, op. 17 (1912-1914)
* Symphony No. 3 in C major, with chorus, op. 21 (1916-1918)

Other Orchestral Works

* "Poème Roumaine", symphonic suite for orchestra, op. 1 (1897)
* "Romanian Rhapsody No. 1" in A major, op. 11 (1901)
* "Romanian Rhapsody No. 2 " in D major, op. 11 (1902)
* Orchestral Suite No. 1 in E flat major, op. 9 (1903)
* Orchestral Suite No. 2 in C major, op. 20 (1915)
* Orchestral Suite No. 3 in D major "Suite Villageoise", op. 27 (1937-1938)

Chamber Works

String Quartets

* String Quartet No. 2 in G major, op. 22 (1950-1952)

Sonatas

* Violin Sonata No. 1 in D major, op. 2 (19??)
* Violin Sonata No. 2 in F minor op. 6 (1899)
* Violin Sonata No. 3 in A minor "dans le caractère populaire roumain", op. 25 (1926)
* Cello Sonata No. 1 in F minor, op. 26 (1898)
* Cello Sonata No. 2 in C major, op. 26 (1935)

Other Chamber Works

* Octet for Strings, op. 7 (1900)
* "Dixtuor" in D major, for wind instruments, op. 14 (1906)
* "Impressions d'Enfance", for violin and piano, op. 28 (1938)
* Piano Quintet in A minor, op. 29 (1940)
* Piano Quartet No. 2 in D minor, op. 22 (1943-1944)
* Chamber Symphony, for 12 instruments, op. 33 (1954)
* "Concertstück", for viola and piano (1906)
* "Legende", for trumpet and piano (1906)
* Cantabile et Presto, for flute and piano (1904)

Piano Music

* Piano Suite No. 1 in G minor, "Dans le style ancien" op. 3 (1897)
* Piano Suite No. 2 in D major, op. 10 (1901/1903)
* Piano Suite No. 3, "Pieces impromptues" op. 18 (1913-1916)
* Piano Sonata No. 3 in D major, op 24 (1933-1935)

Songs

* "Sept Chansons de Clement Marot", for tenor and piano, op. 15 (1907-1908)

Media

ee also

*
*George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra
*List of 20th century classical composers

References

* Violin Virtuosos (from Paganini to 21st century) - Henry Roth 1997 ISBN 1-8879395-15-0
* Axente, Colette, and Ileana Ratiu. 1998. "George Enescu: Biografie documentara, tineretea si afirmarea: 1901-1920". Bucharest: Editura muzicala a U.C.M.R.
* Bentoiu, Pascal. 1984. "Capodopere enesciene". Bucharest: Editura muzicala a U.C.M.R.
* Cophignon, Alain. 2006. "Georges Enesco". Paris: Librairie Arthème Fayard («Bibliothèque des grands compositeurs»). ISBN 978-2213623214
* Cosma, Viorel. 2000. "George Enescu: A Tragic Life in Pictures". Bucharest: The Romanian Cultural Foundation Publishing House.
* Malcolm, Noel. 1990. "George Enescu: His Life and Music", with a preface by Sir Yehudi Menuhin. London: Toccata Press. ISBN 0907689329 (cloth); ISBN 0907689337 (pbk)
* Malcolm, Noel. 2001. "Enescu, George." "The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians", ed. S. Sadie and J. Tyrrell. London: Macmillan.
* Voicana, Mircea, Mircea Voicana, Clemansa Firca, Alfred Hoffman, Elena Zottoviceanu, in collaboration with Myriam Marbe, Stefan Niculescu, and Adrian Ratiu. 1971. "George Enescu: Monografie." 2 vols. Bucharest: Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste România.
*M. Costin, G. E. (1938); V. Cheorghiu, UN MUZICIAN GENIAL: G. E. (1944); F. Brulez, G. E. (1947); B. Gavoty, YEHUDI MENUHIN-G. E. (Geneva, 1955); A. Tudor, E. (1956); L. Voiculescu, G. E. I OPERA ŞA OEDIP (1956); A. Tudor, G. E.: VIAŢÂ IN IMAGINI (1959; Fr. tr., 1961);

*G. E. ON THE 80TH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS BIRTH (1961);
*G. Bălan, G. E.: MESAJUL--ESTETICA (1962);
*idem, E. (1963; Ger. tr., 1964);
*F. Foni, N. Missir, M. Voicana, and E. Zottoviceanu, G. E. (1964); B. Kotlyarov, G. E. (Moscow, 1965);
*E. Ciomac, E. (1968); M. Voicana et al., eds., G. E.: MONOGRAFIE (2 vols., 1971);
*R. Draghici, G. E. (Bacau, 1973);
*M. Voicana, ed., ENESCIANA, I (1976; in Fr., Ger., and Eng.);
*A Cosmovici, G. E. În LUMEA MUZICII Ş
*I ÎN FAMILIE (1990); N. Malcolm, G. E.:
*HIS LIFE AND MUSIC (London, 1990); V. Cosma, G.E.: CRONICA UNEI VIEŢ
*I ZBUCIUMSTEI (1991);
*M. Brediceanu et al., CELEBRATING G. E.:
*A SYMPOSIUM (Washington, D.C., 1997).
*"Georges Enesco." BAKER'S BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF MUSICIANS Centennial Edition. Nicolas Slonimsky, Editor Emeritus. Schirmer, 2001.

External links

* [http://www.thirteen.org/publicarts/violin/enesco.html Legendary Violinists]
* [http://www.enescusociety.org/ International Enescu Society]
* [http://www.soundfountain.org/rem/remenes.html Georges Enesco's Profile and Recordings at The Remington Site]
* [http://www.festivalenescu.ro/ International Festival and Competition "George Enescu"]
*
* [http://www.baroquemusic.org/chailleyenesco.html A page on the closely linked lives of Enescu and Chailley]
* [http://www.geocities.com/enesco_georges/index.html Another site, with a helpful timeline]
* [http://www.enescu.de/en/enescu.php Pascal Bentoiu: George Enescu, the composer]
* [http://www.baroquecds.com/9047Web.html Reissue of the complete Bach clavier concertos conducted by Enesco on 4 CDs]
* [http://www.musicweb-international.com/classrev/2005/May05/Enescu_part1.htm Review on Musicweb-International by Evan Dickerson of available recordings featuring Enescu's compositions (updated May 2005)]
* [http://www.musicweb-international.com/classrev/2005/July05/Enescu2.htm Review on Musicweb-International by Evan Dickerson of Enescu's recordings as a performer (violinist, conductor & pianist)(updated July 2005)]
* [http://music.virtualromania.org/folk/songs/012.%20George%20Enescu%20-%20Rapsodia%20Romana%20(Romanian%20Rhapsody%20No.1).mp3 Romanian Rhapsody No.1]
* [http://www.editionsilvertrust.com/enescu-octet.htm Georges Enescu Octet in C, Op.7 sound-bites and short bio]

Persondata
NAME = Enescu, George
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Romanian composer, musician
DATE OF BIRTH = August 19 1881
PLACE OF BIRTH = Liveni, Romania
DATE OF DEATH = May 4 1955
PLACE OF DEATH = Paris, France


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • George Enescu — Unterschrift George Enescu (* …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Enescu — (Liveni, 19 de agosto de 1881 París, 4 de mayo de 1955), fue un gran compositor, violinista, pedagogo, pianista y director de orquesta rumano, considerado uno de los más importantes músicos de su país. Su carrera estuvo profundamente vinculada a… …   Wikipedia Español

  • George Enescu — Georges Enesco Georges Enesco George Enescu le compositeur en 1931 Naissance 19  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Enescu — Original name in latin George Enescu Name in other language George Enescu, Gheorghe Doja, Liveni Virnav, Liveni Vrnav, Liventi Varnov, Liventi Vrnov State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 48.03333 latitude 26.48333 altitude 175… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • George Enescu — noun Romanian violinist and composer (1881 1955) • Syn: ↑Enesco, ↑Georges Enesco • Instance Hypernyms: ↑violinist, ↑fiddler, ↑composer …   Useful english dictionary

  • George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra — The George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra is the most representative musical institution of Romania.Founded in 1886, under the supervision of Eduard Wachman, the Romanian Philharmonic Society had as purpose the creation of a permanent symphonic… …   Wikipedia

  • George Enescu, Botoşani — Infobox Settlement subdivision type = Country subdivision name = ROU timezone=EET utc offset=+2 timezone DST=EEST utc offset DST=+3 map caption = Location of George Enescu, Botoşani |official name=George Enescu subdivision type1=County… …   Wikipedia

  • George Enescu Festival — The George Enescu Festival (also known as George Enescu Festival and International Competition) is the biggest classical music festival and classical international competition held in Romania, and one of the biggest in Eastern Europe. It was… …   Wikipedia

  • Orchestre philharmonique George Enescu — Circonstances de la création 1868 L Athénée roumain siège de l Orchestre philharmonique George E …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of compositions by George Enescu — This is a list of compositions by George Enescu.With opus number, by genreOrchestralymphonies* Opus 13: Symphony No. 1 in E flat major (1905) * Opus 17: Symphony No. 2 in A major (1912 1914) * Opus 21: Symphony No. 3 in C major, with chorus (1916 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.