- George Enescu
George Enescu (pronunciation in Romanian: IPA|/'ʤěor.ʤe e'nes.ku/; known in France as "Georges Enesco") (
August 19 1881, Liveni – May 4 1955, Paris) was a Romanian composer, violinist, pianist, conductor and teacher, preeminent Romanian musician of the 20th century, and one of the greatest performers of his time.
He was born in the village of Liveni,
Romania(Dorohoi County at the time, today Botoşani County), and showed musical talent from early in his childhood. A child prodigy, Enescu created his first musical composition at the age of five. Shortly thereafter, his father presented him to the professor and composer Eduard Caudella. At the age of seven, entered the Vienna Conservatory, where he studied with Joseph Hellmesberger, Jr., Robert Fuchs, and Sigismund Bachrich, and graduated before his 13th birthday, earning the silver medal. In his Viennese concerts young Enescu played works by Brahms, Sarasate and Mendelssohn. In 1895 he went to Paristo continue his studies. He studied violin with Martin Pierre Marsick, harmony with André Gédalge, and composition with Jules Massenetand Gabriel Fauré.
Many of Enescu's works were influenced by Romanian folk music, his most popular compositions being the two "
Romanian Rhapsodies" (1901–2), the opera "Œdipe" (1936), and the suites for orchestra. He also wrote five symphonies (two of them unfinished), a symphonic poem" Vox maris", and much chamber music (three sonatas for violin and piano, two for cello and piano, a piano trio, quartets with and without piano, a wind decet (French, "dixtuor"), an octet for strings, a piano quintet, a chamber symphony for twelve solo instruments). In 1923 he made his debut as a conductor in a concert given by the Philadelphia Orchestrain New York City. In 1935, he conducted the Orchestre Symphonique de Paris and Yehudi Menuhinin Mozart's Violin Concerto No.3 in G major. He also conducted the New York Philharmonicbetween 1937 and 1938. In 1939 he married Maria Rosetti (known as the Princess Cantacuzino through her first husband Mihail Cantacuzino), a good friend of the future Queen Marie of Romania. While staying in Bucharest, Enescu lived in the Cantacuzino Palace on Calea Victoriei(now the Muzeu Naţional George Enescu, dedicated to his work).
He lived in Paris and in Romania, but after
World War IIand the Soviet occupation of Romania, he remained in Paris.
He was also a noted violin teacher.
Yehudi Menuhin, Christian Ferras, Ivry Gitlis, Arthur Grumiaux, and Ida Haendelwere among his pupils. He promoted contemporary Romanian music, playing works of Constantin Silvestri, Mihail Jora, Ionel Perleaand Marţian Negrea.
On his death in 1955, George Enescu was interred in the
Père Lachaise Cemeteryin Paris.
Today, Bucharest houses a museum in his memory; likewise, the Symphony Orchestra of Bucharest, as well as the
George Enescu Festival, are named and held in his honor.
:"For a complete list, see
List of compositions by George Enescu.
* "Œdipe", "tragédie lyrique" in four acts, libretto by Edmond Fleg, op. 23 (1910-1931)
* Symphony No. 1 in E flat major, op. 13 (1905)
* Symphony No. 2 in A major, op. 17 (1912-1914)
* Symphony No. 3 in C major, with chorus, op. 21 (1916-1918)
Other Orchestral Works
* "Poème Roumaine", symphonic suite for orchestra, op. 1 (1897)
* "Romanian Rhapsody No. 1" in A major, op. 11 (1901)
* "Romanian Rhapsody No. 2 " in D major, op. 11 (1902)
* Orchestral Suite No. 1 in E flat major, op. 9 (1903)
* Orchestral Suite No. 2 in C major, op. 20 (1915)
* Orchestral Suite No. 3 in D major "Suite Villageoise", op. 27 (1937-1938)
* String Quartet No. 2 in G major, op. 22 (1950-1952)
* Violin Sonata No. 1 in D major, op. 2 (
* Violin Sonata No. 2 in F minor op. 6 (1899)
* Violin Sonata No. 3 in A minor "dans le caractère populaire roumain", op. 25 (1926)
* Cello Sonata No. 1 in F minor, op. 26 (1898)
* Cello Sonata No. 2 in C major, op. 26 (1935)
Other Chamber Works
* Octet for Strings, op. 7 (1900)
* "Dixtuor" in D major, for wind instruments, op. 14 (1906)
* "Impressions d'Enfance", for violin and piano, op. 28 (1938)
* Piano Quintet in A minor, op. 29 (1940)
* Piano Quartet No. 2 in D minor, op. 22 (1943-1944)
* Chamber Symphony, for 12 instruments, op. 33 (1954)
* "Concertstück", for viola and piano (1906)
Legende", for trumpet and piano (1906)
* Cantabile et Presto, for flute and piano (1904)
* Piano Suite No. 1 in G minor, "Dans le style ancien" op. 3 (1897)
* Piano Suite No. 2 in D major, op. 10 (1901/1903)
* Piano Suite No. 3, "Pieces impromptues" op. 18 (1913-1916)
* Piano Sonata No. 3 in D major, op 24 (1933-1935)
* "Sept Chansons de Clement Marot", for tenor and piano, op. 15 (1907-1908)
George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra
List of 20th century classical composers
* Violin Virtuosos (from Paganini to 21st century) - Henry Roth 1997 ISBN 1-8879395-15-0
* Axente, Colette, and Ileana Ratiu. 1998. "George Enescu: Biografie documentara, tineretea si afirmarea: 1901-1920". Bucharest: Editura muzicala a U.C.M.R.
* Bentoiu, Pascal. 1984. "Capodopere enesciene". Bucharest: Editura muzicala a U.C.M.R.
* Cophignon, Alain. 2006. "Georges Enesco". Paris: Librairie Arthème Fayard («Bibliothèque des grands compositeurs»). ISBN 978-2213623214
* Cosma, Viorel. 2000. "George Enescu: A Tragic Life in Pictures". Bucharest: The Romanian Cultural Foundation Publishing House.
* Malcolm, Noel. 1990. "George Enescu: His Life and Music", with a preface by Sir Yehudi Menuhin. London: Toccata Press. ISBN 0907689329 (cloth); ISBN 0907689337 (pbk)
* Malcolm, Noel. 2001. "Enescu, George." "The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians", ed. S. Sadie and J. Tyrrell. London: Macmillan.
* Voicana, Mircea, Mircea Voicana, Clemansa Firca, Alfred Hoffman, Elena Zottoviceanu, in collaboration with Myriam Marbe, Stefan Niculescu, and Adrian Ratiu. 1971. "George Enescu: Monografie." 2 vols. Bucharest: Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste România.
*M. Costin, G. E. (1938); V. Cheorghiu, UN MUZICIAN GENIAL: G. E. (1944); F. Brulez, G. E. (1947); B. Gavoty, YEHUDI MENUHIN-G. E. (Geneva, 1955); A. Tudor, E. (1956); L. Voiculescu, G. E. I OPERA ŞA OEDIP (1956); A. Tudor, G. E.: VIAŢÂ IN IMAGINI (1959; Fr. tr., 1961);
*G. E. ON THE 80TH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS BIRTH (1961);
*G. Bălan, G. E.: MESAJUL--ESTETICA (1962);
*idem, E. (1963; Ger. tr., 1964);
*F. Foni, N. Missir, M. Voicana, and E. Zottoviceanu, G. E. (1964); B. Kotlyarov, G. E. (Moscow, 1965);
*E. Ciomac, E. (1968); M. Voicana et al., eds., G. E.: MONOGRAFIE (2 vols., 1971);
*R. Draghici, G. E. (Bacau, 1973);
*M. Voicana, ed., ENESCIANA, I (1976; in Fr., Ger., and Eng.);
*A Cosmovici, G. E. În LUMEA MUZICII Ş
*I ÎN FAMILIE (1990); N. Malcolm, G. E.:
*HIS LIFE AND MUSIC (London, 1990); V. Cosma, G.E.: CRONICA UNEI VIEŢ
*I ZBUCIUMSTEI (1991);
*M. Brediceanu et al., CELEBRATING G. E.:
*A SYMPOSIUM (Washington, D.C., 1997).
*"Georges Enesco." BAKER'S BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF MUSICIANS Centennial Edition. Nicolas Slonimsky, Editor Emeritus. Schirmer, 2001.
* [http://www.thirteen.org/publicarts/violin/enesco.html Legendary Violinists]
* [http://www.enescusociety.org/ International Enescu Society]
* [http://www.soundfountain.org/rem/remenes.html Georges Enesco's Profile and Recordings at The Remington Site]
* [http://www.festivalenescu.ro/ International Festival and Competition "George Enescu"]
* [http://www.baroquemusic.org/chailleyenesco.html A page on the closely linked lives of Enescu and Chailley]
* [http://www.geocities.com/enesco_georges/index.html Another site, with a helpful timeline]
* [http://www.enescu.de/en/enescu.php Pascal Bentoiu: George Enescu, the composer]
* [http://www.baroquecds.com/9047Web.html Reissue of the complete Bach clavier concertos conducted by Enesco on 4 CDs]
* [http://www.musicweb-international.com/classrev/2005/May05/Enescu_part1.htm Review on Musicweb-International by Evan Dickerson of available recordings featuring Enescu's compositions (updated May 2005)]
* [http://www.musicweb-international.com/classrev/2005/July05/Enescu2.htm Review on Musicweb-International by Evan Dickerson of Enescu's recordings as a performer (violinist, conductor & pianist)(updated July 2005)]
* [http://music.virtualromania.org/folk/songs/012.%20George%20Enescu%20-%20Rapsodia%20Romana%20(Romanian%20Rhapsody%20No.1).mp3 Romanian Rhapsody No.1]
* [http://www.editionsilvertrust.com/enescu-octet.htm Georges Enescu Octet in C, Op.7 sound-bites and short bio]
NAME = Enescu, George
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION = Romanian composer, musician
DATE OF BIRTH =
August 19 1881
PLACE OF BIRTH = Liveni,
DATE OF DEATH =
May 4 1955
PLACE OF DEATH =
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George Enescu — Original name in latin George Enescu Name in other language George Enescu, Gheorghe Doja, Liveni Virnav, Liveni Vrnav, Liventi Varnov, Liventi Vrnov State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 48.03333 latitude 26.48333 altitude 175… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
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