- Joe Sample
Infobox musical artist
Name = Joe Sample
Img_capt = Photo by Tom Beetz
Landscape = yes
Background = non_vocal_instrumentalist
Birth_name = Joseph Leslie Sample
Born = birth date and age|1939|02|01
Label = Blue Thumb, MCA, GRP, Warner Bros., Verve,
Joseph Leslie "Joe" Sample (born
February 1, 1939in Houston, Texas) is an American pianist, keyboard playerand composer. He was one of the founding members of the Jazz Crusaders, the band which became simply The Crusadersin 1971, and remained a part of the group until its final album in 1991 (not including the 2003 reunion album "Rural Renewal").
Sample began playing the piano when he was five years old. Since the early 1980's, he has enjoyed a successful solo career and has guested on many recordings by other performers and groups, including
Miles Davis, George Benson, Jimmy Witherspoon, B. B. King, Eric Claptonand Steely Dan. Although it received less radio airplay than several of his other releases, "Invitation" is considered by many to be his finest solo recording to date.Fact|date=February 2008
Joe Sample is a pianist of great energy, versatility, and enterprise. He has constantly sought out novel directions to express his ideas. Since his days with the Jazz Crusaders to his multiple solo efforts and countless sideman sessions, though never seeking the spotlight, is recognized by both his peers and the knowing public as a first class musical artist
Joe Sample grew up in a fertile musical Creole neighborhood hearing zydeco and Louis Armstrong. He incorporated a range of local traditions into his music: jazz, gospel, blues, and even Latin and classical forms.
In high school in the 1950s, Sample teamed up with two friends, saxophonist Wilton Felder and drummer Nesbert “Stix” Hooper, to form a group called the Swingsters. While studying piano at Texas Southern University, Sample met and added trombonist Wayne Henderson and several other players to the Swingsters, which became the Modern Jazz Sextet and then the Jazz Crusaders, in emulation of one of the leading progressive jazz bands of the day, Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers. Sample never took a degree from the university; instead in 1960, he and the Jazz Crusaders made the move from Houston to Los Angeles.
The group quickly found opportunities on the West Coast, making its first recording, “Freedom Sounds” in 1961 and releasing up to four albums a year over much of the 1960s. The Jazz Crusaders played at first in the dominant hard bop style of the day, standing out by virtue of their unusual front-line combination of saxophone (played by Wilton Felder) and Henderson's trombone. Another distinctive quality was the funky, rhythmically appealing acoustic piano playing of Sample, who helped steer the group's sound into a fusion between jazz and soul in the late 1960s. The Jazz Crusaders became a strong concert draw during those years.
While Sample and his band mates continued to work together, he and the other band members pursued individual work as well. In 1969 Sample made his first recording under his own name; “Fancy Dance” featured the pianist as part of a jazz trio. In the 1970s, as the Jazz Crusaders became simply the Crusaders and branched out into popular sounds, Sample became known as a reliable L.A. studio musician, turning up on recordings by the likes of Joni Mitchell, Marvin Gaye, Tina Turner, B.B. King, Joe Cocker, and vocal divas Minnie Riperton and Anita Baker. In 1975 he went into the studios with jazz legends Ray Brown on bass, and drummer Shelly Manne to produce a then ‘State of the Art’ recording done direct to disc. This (to this writer) was a milestone in Joe Sample’s discography titled simply “The Three.” About this time Blue Note reissued some of the early work by the Jazz Crusaders as “The Young Rabbits.” This was a compilation of their recordings done between 1962-68.
The electric keyboard was fairly new at the time, and Sample became one of the instrument's pioneers. He switched to electric keyboard for his recordings with the Crusaders themselves, and the group hit a commercial high-water mark with the hit single “Street Life” and the album of the same name in 1979. In 1978 he did a joint session with guitarist David T. Walker “Swing Street Café” which had all the feel of a live set done in a back street joint in Texas. Joe went back to his roots on that one.
The Crusaders, after losing several key members, broke up after recording the “Life in the Modern World” album for the GRP label in 1987. Despite the disbanding of the Crusaders, the members would join each other to record periodically over the years; releasing “Healing the Wounds” in the early ‘90’s. Felder, Hooper, and Sample recorded their first album, called “Rural Renewal,” as the reunited Crusaders group in 2003 and did a live concert in Japan in 2004.
Joe Sample since 1969’s “Fancy Dance,” has built up an impressive solo resume of albums. His bestselling recordings done from 1978 to 1997 include: “Rainbow Seeker,” “Carmel,” “Voices in the Rain,” “Spellbound,” “Ashes to Ashes,” “Invitation,” “Did You Feel That?” “Old Places, Old Faces” and the George Duke produced “Sample This.” GRP also released “Joe Sample Collection,” and a three disc “Crusaders Collection,” as testament to Sample's enduring legacy. The pianist's most recent recordings are 1999's “The Song Lives On” (featuring duets with singer Lalah Hathaway) and 2002's “The Pecan Tree,” a colorful tribute to his hometown of Houston, where he relocated in 1994. His 2004 album “Soul Shadows,” on Verve paid tribute to jazz musicians Duke Ellington and Jelly Roll Morton, and pre-jazz bandleader James Reese Europe. He currently has one out with vocalist Randy Crawford, “Feeling Good,” released in 2007.
Some of his works are featured on The Weather Channel's "Local On The 8s" segments and his song "Rainbow Seeker" is included in their 2008 compilation release, "".
Nicole Kidmansang his song " One Day I'll Fly Away" in the Baz Luhrmannfilm " Moulin Rouge!".
* [http://music.yahoo.com/ar-263171-discography--Joe-Sample Yahoo! Music - Joe Sample Albums]
* [http://www.vervemusicgroup.com/artist.aspx?aid=2691 Biography at Verve Records]
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