Daniel Auster


Daniel Auster
Daniel Auster

Daniel Auster (Hebrew: דניאל אוסטר‎ ‎; 7 May 1893 – 15 January 1963) was Mayor of Jerusalem in the final years of the British Mandate of Palestine, the first Jewish mayor of the city, and the first mayor of Jerusalem after Israeli independence.

Biography

Born in the town of Knihinin, Stanislowow - Galicia, he made aliyah to Ottoman-controlled Palestine prior to World War I after finishing his law studies at the University in Vienna, Austria, graduating in 1914. He then served at the Austrian expeditionary force headquarters in Damascus, assisting Arthur Ruppin in sending financial help from Constantinople to the starving yishuv. In 1919 he became Secretary of the Legal Department of the Zionist Commission in Jerusalem. He became Deputy Mayor of Jerusalem under Raghib Nashashibi in 1935. In 1937 he became the first Jewish Mayor of Jerusalem. He was also a member of the Assembly of Representatives for the General Zionists party and a signatory of Israel's Declaration of Independence. He was against the internationalization of Jerusalem and presented his views on this matter to the United Nations in 1947.[1]

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