- Battle of Luzzara
: "This article is about the 1702 Battle of Luzzara. For the Battle of 1734 see the
Battle of Guastalla."Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Luzzara
War of the Spanish Succession
date=August 15, 1702
Luzzara, present-day Italy
combatant2=flagicon|France|restauration [1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Edition, New York 1910, Vol.X, p.460: "The oriflamme and the Chape de St Martin were succeeded at the end of the 16th century, when Henry III., the last of the house of Valois, came to the throne, by the white standard powdered with fleurs-de-lis. This in turn gave place to the famous tricolour."George Ripley, Charles Anderson Dana, "The American Cyclopaedia", New York, 1874, p. 250, "...the standard of France was white, sprinkled with golden fleur de lis...". * [http://www.anyflag.com/history/fleur23.htm] The original Banner of France was strewn with fleurs-de-lis. ]
Kingdom of France
Prince Eugene of Savoy
commander2=flagicon|France|restauration Duc de Vendôme
strength2=30,000 - 36,000
The Battle of Luzzara was a
battleof the War of the Spanish Succession, which was fought on August 15, 1702 near Luzzara, Italy.
In the summer of 1702 , after taking
Guastalla, the French under Louis Joseph, duc de Vendômeturned north , with the intention to besiege Borgoforte. On this road he set up camp near Luzzaraon the right bank of the Po River.
Prince Eugene of Savoyheard of this, he was besieging Mantua. He decided to give up the siege and assemble all available forces to intercept Vendome.
Arriving near Luzzara, Prince Eugene set up his headquarter a few kilometers north near the village of Riva.
Vendome was in a favourable position, having prepared his defenses and with the
Po Riveron his left side and the right side of the Austrians. The rest of the terrain was an open field, full of ditches, channels, fences and high bushes.
The Austrians had more experienced troops and commanders like Daun, Vaudemont,
Prince George of Hesse-Darmstadtand Guido Starhemberg. On the morning of August 15, Prince Eugene waited until the rest of his units, called for urgently, had reached the battle line. Then around 5 pm. he attacked. His plan was to part the enemies from the riverside and try to surround them. He attacked several times but with no practical result, because of the strong French resistance.
The battle raged until darkness.
After this battle, the two armies laid facing each other until the French decamped first on November 4, ending the 1702 campaign.
* [http://www.centrostudiriva.it/home_page_eng.htm commemorative site of 2002]
* [http://www.centrostudiriva.it/mappa_della_battaglia1702.htm Map of the Battlefield (Red = Austrians , Blue = French)]
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