- Kurt Masur
Masur was born in Brieg, Lower Silesia, Germany (now Brzeg in Poland) and studied piano, composition and conducting in Leipzig, Saxony. Masur has been married three times. His second wife, with whom he had a daughter, died in 1972 in a car accident in which Masur was severely injured. He and his third wife, Tomoko, have a son, Ken, a classical singer and conductor.
Masur conducted the Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra for three years ending in 1958 and again from 1967 to 1972. He also worked with the Komische Oper of East Berlin. In 1970, he became Kapellmeister of the Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, serving in that post until 1996.
In 1991, Masur succeeded Zubin Mehta as music director of the New York Philharmonic (NYP). During his tenure, there were reports of tension between Masur and the NYP's Executive Director at the time, Deborah Borda, which eventually contributed to his contract not being renewed beyond 2002. In a television interview with Charlie Rose, Masur stated that regarding his leaving the NYP, "it was not my wish". The root of the problem was a fundamental discordance in status between the Americas and Germany regarding employed personalities of standing. In the former case, the hired beneficiary is expected "to report" to the benefactor, in the latter, he expects a free hand to execute his tasks as he feels best on account of his (to be) recognized experience. Masur stepped down as the NYP's Music Director in 2002, and was named its Music Director Emeritus, a new title created for him. The critical consensus is that Masur improved the playing of the orchestra compared to his more pliable and forbearing predecessor.
In 2000, Masur became principal conductor of the London Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO), and held this position until 2007. In April 2002, Masur became music director of the Orchestre National de France, and served in this post until 2008, when he took the title of honorary music director of the ONF. On his 80th birthday, 18 July 2007, Masur conducted musicians from both orchestras at a Proms concert in London. His performances draw a wide range of reviews. Masur has appeared as a guest conductor with the world's leading orchestras, and holds the lifetime title of Honorary Guest Conductor of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra.
For years, Masur was loyal to the GDR leadership. In 1982, he received the National Prize of East Germany. His attitude to the regime began to change in 1989, after the arrest of a street musician in Leipzig. On October 9, 1989, he intervened in anti-government demonstrations in Leipzig in communist East Germany. He negotiated an end to a confrontation that could have resulted in security forces attacking the protesters as occurred at Tiananmen Square.
A professor at the Leipzig Academy of Music since 1975, Masur has received numerous honors: In 1995, he received the Cross of the Order of Merits of the Federal Republic of Germany; in 1996 he received the Gold Medal of Honor for Music from the National Arts Club; in 1997 he received the titles of Commander of the Legion of Honor from the French government and New York City Cultural Ambassador from the City of New York; in April 1999 he received the Commander Cross of Merit of the Polish Republic; in March 2002, the President of Germany, Johannes Rau, awarded him the Cross with Star of the Order of Merits of the Federal Republic of Germany; in September 2007, the President of Germany, Horst Köhler, bestowed upon him the Great Cross of the Legion of Honor with Star and Ribbon; in September 2008, he received the Furtwängler Prize in Bonn, Germany. Masur is also an Honorary Citizen of his hometown Brieg. In 2001 Kurt Masur became an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Music. In 2010, he received the Leo Baeck Medal (Leo Baeck Institute) for his humanitarian work promoting tolerance and social justice.
- ^ Norman Lebrecht (11 July 2007). "Kurt Masur: The survivor’s tale". The Lebrecht Weekly (La Scena Musicale). http://www.scena.org/columns/lebrecht/070711-NL-Masur.html. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
- ^ Kevin Shihoten (18 July 2007). "Ken Masur Named Resident Conductor of San Antonio Symphony". Playbill Arts. http://www.playbillarts.com/news/article/6660.html. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
- ^ Greg Sandow (5 June 2002). "Kurt, We Hardly Knew Ye". Wall Street Journal. http://gregsandow.com/masur.htm. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- ^ Kurt Masur (21 May 2002). Interview with Charlie Rose. The Charlie Rose Show. PBS. http://www.charlierose.com/keywords/Kurt-Masur. Retrieved 2007-08-13.
- ^ Peter G. Davis (17 June 2002). "Soul Man". New York. http://nymag.com/nymetro/arts/music/classical/reviews/6115/index.html. Retrieved 2007-08-13.
- ^ Matthew Westphal (23 July 2007). "Daniele Gatti to Succeed Kurt Masur at Orchestre National de France". Playbill Arts. http://www.playbillarts.com/news/article/6825.html. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
- ^ George Hall (20 July 2007). "LPO/ONF/Masur". The Guardian. http://music.guardian.co.uk/classical/livereviews/story/0,,2131143,00.html. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
- ^ Geoffrey Norris, "Tempestuous thrills". Telegraph, 7 October 2003.
- ^ Geoffrey Norris, "Humming fit for an Emperor". Telegraph, 12 December 2003.
- ^ Ivan Hewett, "Proms: vivid singing on the wild fringes". Telegraph, 29 July 2004.
- ^ Ivan Hewett, "Masterful and commanding". Telegraph, 30 November 2004.
- ^ Ivan Hewett, "Proms 2005: hubris, wonky-sounding horns but, finally, radiance". Telegraph, 22 August 2005.
- ^ Ivan Hewett, "The oasis before a rocky desert". Telegraph, 30 August 2006.
- ^ Kurt Masur bio
- ^ Michael Walsh (23 April 1990). "New York Gets a Revolutionary". Time. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,969920,00.html. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- ^ Gaddis, John Lewis (2005). The Cold War: A New History. New York: Penguin Press. ISBN 9781594200625.
- ^ Kurt Masur biography
- ^ "Honorary Members of the Royal Academy of Music (Oct.14, 2009)". Royal Academy of Music. 14 October 2009. http://www.ram.ac.uk/whoswho/Pages/HonRAM.aspx. Retrieved 14 October 2009. [dead link]
- ^ http://leobaeckinstitute.wordpress.com/2010/11/10/leo-baeck-medal-for-kurt-masur/
- Kurt Masur official website
- Kurt Masur at Allmusic
- Kurt Masur at the Internet Movie Database
- Interview with Kurt Masur by Bruce Duffie, June, 1988
Hermann Mannsfeldt (1870) · Michael Zimmermann (1885) · Ernst Stahl (1886) · August Trenkler (1890) · Willy Olsen (1903) · Edwin Lindner (1915) · Joseph Gustav Mraczek (1923) · Eduard Mörike (1924) · Paul Scheinpflug (1929) · Werner Ladwig (1932) · Paul van Kempen (1934) · Carl Schuricht (1942) · Gerhart Wiesenhütter (1945) · Heinz Bongartz (1947) · Horst Förster (1964) · Kurt Masur (1967) · Günther Herbig (1972) · Herbert Kegel (1977) · Jörg-Peter Weigle (1986) · Michel Plasson (1994) · Marek Janowski (2001) · Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos (2004)
Leipzig Gewandhaus Kapellmeisters
Johann Adam Hiller (1781) · Johann Gottfried Schicht (1785) · Johann Philipp Christoph Schulz (1810) · Christian August Pohlenz (1827) · Felix Mendelssohn (1835) · Ferdinand Hiller (1843) · Felix Mendelssohn (1845) · Julius Rietz (1848) · Carl Reinecke (1860) · Arthur Nikisch (1895) · Wilhelm Furtwängler (1922) · Bruno Walter (1929) · Hermann Abendroth (1934) · Herbert Albert (1946) · Franz Konwitschny (1949) · Václav Neumann (1964) · Kurt Masur (1970) · Herbert Blomstedt (1998) · Riccardo Chailly (2005)
New York Philharmonic Music Directors
Ureli Corelli Hill (1842) · Theodore Eisfeld (1848) · Carl Bergmann (1855) · Leopold Damrosch (1876) · Theodore Thomas (1877) · Adolf Neuendorff (1878) · Anton Seidl (1891) · Emil Paur (1898) · Walter Damrosch (1902) · Vasily Safonov (1906) · Gustav Mahler (1909) · Josef Stránský (1911) · Willem Mengelberg (1922) · Arturo Toscanini (1928) · John Barbirolli (1936) · Artur Rodziński (1943) · Bruno Walter (1947) · Leopold Stokowski (1949) · Dimitri Mitropoulos (1949) · Leonard Bernstein (1958) · George Szell (1969) · Pierre Boulez (1971) · Zubin Mehta (1978) · Kurt Masur (1991) · Lorin Maazel (2002) · Alan Gilbert (2009)
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