Monolith


Monolith

A monolith is a geological feature such as a mountain, consisting of a single massive stone or rock, or a single piece of rock placed as, or within, a monument. Erosion usually exposes the geological formations, which are most often made of very hard and solid metamorphic or igneous rock.

The word derives from the Latin word monolithus from the Greek word μονόλιθος (monolithos), derived from μόνος ("one" or "single") and λίθος ("stone").

Contents

Geological monoliths

Large, well-known monoliths include:

Africa

Landsat 7 image Brandberg Massif, Namibia

Antarctica

Asia

Savandurga, India from the northern side
Sangla Hill, Pakistan
Eagle Mount, Taft, Iran

Australia

  • Uluru (Ayers Rock), Northern Territory, Australia
  • Pine Mountain, Victoria, Australia
  • Bald Rock, near Tenterfield, New South Wales
  • Mount Coolum, Queensland
  • Mount Wudinna, near Wudinna, South Australia
  • Kokerbin Rock, Western Australia
  • Mount Chudalup, D'Entrecasteaux National Park, near Northcliffe, Western Australia

Europe

North America

United States

Beacon Rock, Washington viewed from the west

Canada

Stawamus Chief as seen from Valleycliffe neighborhood in Squamish
  • Stawamus Chief, Squamish, British Columbia
  • Satsalla Peak, British Columbia

Mexico

South America

  • Pedra da Gávea, Brazil the world's largest monolith on the coastline
  • Pão de Açúcar, Brazil
  • Torres del Paine, Chile
  • El Penol, Colombia

Monumental monoliths

Gomateswara 983 CE, a Jain god, world's largest standing monolith image
Ellora Caves, temple in India

A structure which has been excavated as a unit from a surrounding matrix or outcropping of rock.[5]

Extraterrestrial Monoliths

Phobos Monolith
  • Phobos Monolith

See also

Notes

  1. ^ López Domínguez, Leonor (May 2001). "Villa de Bernal and its Magic Mountain". México Desconocido #291. http://www.mexicodesconocido.com.mx/contenidos/home.html?p=nota&idNota=8897. 
  2. ^ "Peña de Bernal - Bernal - Queretaro" (in spanish). http://www.de-paseo.com/Bernal/Bernal.htm. Retrieved 25 November 2008. 
  3. ^ Cava Northrop, Laura; Dwight L. Curtis, Inc. Let'S Go, Natalie Sherman, Raul Carrillo (2007). Let's Go Mexico: On a Budget. Macmillan. p. 370. ISBN 9780312374525. 
  4. ^ Escobar Ledesma, Agustín (1999). Recetario del semidesierto de Querétaro: Acoyos, rejalgares y tantarrias. Conaculta. p. 75. ISBN 9789701839102. 
  5. ^ "Glossary". http://www.art-and-archaeology.com/india/glossary1.html#monolith. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monolith — Box Set de Buckethead como Death Cube K Publicación 17 de diciembre de 2007 Género(s) Ambiente Experimental Duración 3:29:07 …   Wikipedia Español

  • monolith — [män′ə lith΄] n. [Fr monolithe < L monolithus < Gr monolithos, made of one stone < monos, single (see MONO ) + lithos, stone] 1. a single large block or piece of stone, as in architecture or sculpture 2. something made of a single block… …   English World dictionary

  • Monolith — Mon o*lith, n. [F. monolithe, L. monolithus consisting of a single stone, Gr. ?; mo nos single + li qos stone.] A single stone, especially one of large size, shaped into a pillar, statue, or monument. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Monolith — (v. gr.), Werk, welches aus einem einzigen Steinblocke besteht, z.B. Kolosse, Obelisken …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Monolith — (griech.), eine aus einem einzigen Steinblock gehauene Figur oder sonstiges Kunstwerk (Obelisk, Säule). Besonders Säulen für Kolossaltempel pflegte man in der römischen Kaiserzeit aus Einem Block herzustellen. Eine der größten Einzelsäulen ist… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Monolith — Monolith, ein größerer, aus einem Stück bestehender Stein, der zu einem Bildwerke, sei es ein Kopf oder eine ganze Figur, einem Obelisken (s.d.), einem Pfeiler oder einer Säule, bearbeitet ist. Aus dem Altertum sind hierin erstaunliche Leitungen… …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Monolith — Monolīth (grch.), ein aus einem einzigen Steinblocke gearbeitetes Werk (Säule, Obelisk etc.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • monolith — (n.) column consisting of a single large block of stone, 1848, from Fr. monolithe (16c.), from L. monolithus (adj.) consisting of a single stone, from Gk. monolithos made of one stone, from monos single, alone (see MONO (Cf. mono )) + lithos… …   Etymology dictionary

  • monolith — ► NOUN 1) a large single upright block of stone, especially a pillar or monument. 2) a massive and indivisible organization or institution. ORIGIN from Greek monos single + lithos stone …   English terms dictionary

  • Monolith — Der römische Stein der schwangeren Frau, einer der größten Monolithen aller Zeiten Monolith (griech. μονόλιθος monólithos „einheitlicher Stein“ oder wörtlich „Ein Stein“, aus μονο mono „einzel “ und …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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