Karrier is a marque of car and commercial vehicle, the origins of which can be traced back to Clayton and Company, a 1904 company from
Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, UK. In 1908 they started making Karrier cars and in 1920 changed the company name to Karrier Motors Ltd.
In 1929 Karrier started production of the "Colt" three-wheeler as a dustcart chassis for Huddersfield Corporation. In 1930 this was developed into the "Cob" tractor to haul road trailers for the
London, Midland and Scottish Railway. The "Cob" was similar to the Scammell"Mechanical Horse". In the mid-1930s the "Cob" range was supplemented by the four-wheel "Bantam".
Takeovers and mergers
After takeover bids in 1934 the
Rootesgroup acquired Karrier into its fold and moved production to Luton, closing the Huddersfield operation. In the late 1950s and 1960s some Karrier vehicles were fitted with the inconic Rootes two-stroke opposed piston diesel engine, see Commer. Other engines used in this period include Humber Hawk petrol engines (L Heand and OHC) and Perkins Diesels.
Dodge Brotherscompany came to the UK in 1922 and began importing United States Dodge "knocked-down" kits to build in the UK at a production line in Park Royal, London. Eventually production was moved to the Chryslerplant at Kew; Dodges built there were known as "Dodge Kews".
In 1965 production moved to
Dunstablewhere Commer, Dodge (UK) and Karrier were all brought together.
Under Rootes ownership Karrier trucks which were generally smaller sized than the sister Commer brand most models using 16" wheels to give a lower loading height. Partly because of this they were particularly popular with Local authorities for varied applications including highway maintenance tippers, refuse collection vehicles and street lighting maintenance tower wagons. Karrier trucks and chassis were also popular with airport operators and airlines for airfield duties such as baggage handling trucks, water bowsers, toilet servicing,
By 1970 the Rootes Group had been taken over (in stages) by
Chrysler Europe, with support from the British Governmentwhich was desperate to support the ailing British motor industry. The Dodge brand (also used by Chrysler in the USA) began to take precedence on all commercial models. The last vestige of Karrier was probably in the Dodge 50 Series, which began life badged as a (Chrysler) Dodge but with a Karrier Motor Company VIN (Vehicle Identification Plate) plate.
Peugeot and Renault
Chrysler eventually gave up on UK operations, selling the business to
Peugeot. The new owner had little interest in heavy trucks and the factory was then run in conjunction with "Renault Véhicules Industriels", (then part of Renault(though now Volvo). The combined company used the name Karrier Motors Ltd [cite web|title=Rootes-Chrysler resource site|url=http://www.rootes-chrysler.co.uk/car-history/spacevan.html] , although the vehicles took on Renault badges and were sold through Renault Trucksdealers. Renault had been keen to secure a UK manufacturing operation for engines for its own models, and did relatively little to market or develop the British designs, favouring its existing French range such as the Renault Master. The end of the Karrier name could not be far off; eventually Renault severed ties with PeugeotFact|date=February 2007 and introduced a Renault Truck Ind. or Renault Vehicles Ind. VIN Plate.
The Karrier trademark is still in the possession of Peugeot, and it is not uncommon for vehicle marques to be reinstated.
Karrier's Ro-Railer was a hybrid single decker
buscapable of running on both road and rail. It was introduced in 1932 and tested by the London, Midland and Scottish Railwaybut it was not a success and was not perpetuated [http://www.blisworth.org.uk/images/Rails-three.htm] .
References and notes
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Karrier — Bantam Karrier war ein britisches Unternehmen, das vor allem Nutzfahrzeuge herstellte. Die Wurzeln reichen zurück auf die Clayton and Company, die 1904 in Huddersfield gegründet wurde. Ab 1908 wurden Fahrzeuge unter dem Namen Karrier hergestellt … Deutsch Wikipedia
Karrier — Karrier, s. Tauben … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Karrier — Karrĭer (Carrier), engl. Bagdette, Kasse der orient. Tauben, mit starkem Schnabel, dünnem Hals … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Karriere — Karrier (de) … Kölsch Dialekt Lexikon
Commer — For the town in France, see Commer, Mayenne. For various meanings, see comma. Commer Fate Discontinued Founded 1905 Headquarters Luton, England Products Commercial vehicles … Wikipedia
Charles H. Roe — A November 1978 built Roe body on a Leyland Atlantean AN68A/1R, new to South Yorkshire PTE as their 1633, pictured in Manchester with Citybus Charles H. Roe Ltd. was a Yorkshire coachbuilding company. It was for most of its life based at… … Wikipedia
Rootes — The Rootes Group was a British automobile manufacturer, which was based in the Midlands and south of England. Rootes was the parent company of many well known British marques, including Hillman, Humber, Singer, Sunbeam, Talbot, Commer and Karrier … Wikipedia
Corgi Toys — (trademark) is the name of a range of die cast toy vehicles produced by Mettoy Playcraft Ltd. in the United Kingdom. The Mettoy company was founded in 1933 by German émigré Philip Ullmann in Northampton, England, where he was later joined by… … Wikipedia
Chrysler — This article is about Chrysler Group LLC. For the flagship car division of Chrysler Group, LLC, see Chrysler (division). For other uses, see Chrysler (disambiguation). Chrysler Group LLC Type Limited liability company … Wikipedia
Dodge — For other uses, see Dodge (disambiguation). Dodge Type Division of Chrysler Group LLC Industry Automobile Founded … Wikipedia