Cooling pond


Cooling pond
Mount Storm Lake is a 1,200 acres (4.9 km2) cooling pond for a power plant in Grant County, West Virginia.

A cooling pond is a man-made body of water primarily formed for the purpose of supplying cooling water to a nearby power plant or industrial facility such as a petroleum refinery, pulp and paper mill, chemical plant, steel mill or smelter. Cooling ponds are used where sufficient land is available, as an alternative to cooling towers or discharging of heated water to a nearby river or coastal bay, a process known as "once-through cooling." The latter process can cause thermal pollution of the receiving waters.[1][2] Cooling ponds are also sometimes used with air conditioning systems in large buildings as an alternative to cooling towers.[3]

The pond receives thermal energy in the water from the plant's condensers and the energy is dissipated mainly through evaporation.[4][5] Once the water has cooled in the pond, it is reused by the plant. New water is added to the system ("make-up" water) to replace the water lost through evaporation.

Many such ponds have secondary outdoor recreational purposes that include fishing, swimming, boating, camping and picnicking. The warm waters are frequently used as a fish hatchery.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ Mongillo, John F.; Zierdt-Warshaw, Linda (2000). Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press. p. 93. ISBN 9781573561471. 
  2. ^ Dunne, Thomas; Leopold, Luna B. (1978). Water in Environmental Planning. New York: W.H. Freeman. p. 722. ISBN 9780716700791. 
  3. ^ Ananthanarayanan, P.N. (2005). Basic Refrigeration and Air Conditioning. McGraw-Hill. p. 218. ISBN 9780070495005. 
  4. ^ U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Washington, D.C. (1970). "An Engineering-Economic Study of Cooling Pond Performance." Document no. 16130DFX0570. Water Pollution Control Research Series. p.5.
  5. ^ Bengtson, Harlan (2010). "Steam Power Plant Condenser Cooling - Part 1: Introduction to Alternatives." brighthub.com.




Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cooling pond — aušinamasis baseinas statusas T sritis Energetika apibrėžtis Natūralus ar dirbtinis atviras baseinas cirkuliaciniam kaistančių įrenginių aušinamajam vandeniui aušinti. Vanduo aušta atiduodamas šilumą atmosferos orui ir garuodamas. atitikmenys:… …   Aiškinamasis šiluminės ir branduolinės technikos terminų žodynas

  • Cooling Pond —   A body of water used to cool the water that is circulated in an electric power plant …   Energy terms

  • Cooling pond —   A natural or manmade body of water that is used for dissipating waste heat from power plants.   U.S. Dept. of Energy, Energy Information Administration s Energy Glossary …   Energy terms

  • Pond — A pond is a body of water smaller than a lake, both being examples of terrain features. Although the term pond is universally used to describe waterbodies that are smaller than lakes, an internationally recognised size cutoff has not yet been… …   Wikipedia

  • cooling basin — aušinamasis baseinas statusas T sritis Energetika apibrėžtis Natūralus ar dirbtinis atviras baseinas cirkuliaciniam kaistančių įrenginių aušinamajam vandeniui aušinti. Vanduo aušta atiduodamas šilumą atmosferos orui ir garuodamas. atitikmenys:… …   Aiškinamasis šiluminės ir branduolinės technikos terminų žodynas

  • Water cooling — Cooling tower and water discharge of a nuclear power plant Water cooling is a method of heat removal from components and industrial equipment. As opposed to air cooling, water is used as the heat conductor. Water cooling is commonly used for… …   Wikipedia

  • Dew pond — Typical example of downland dew pond near Chanctonbury Ring, West Sussex. 50°53′47″N 0°23 …   Wikipedia

  • Solar pond — A solar pond is large scale solar thermal energy collector with integral heat storage for supplying thermal energy. A solar pond can be used for various applications, such as process heating, water desalination, refrigeration, drying and Solar… …   Wikipedia

  • Duck pond — A duck pond in the Queen Elizabeth Park A duck pond is a pond for ducks and other water fowl. Duck ponds provide habitats for water fowl and other birds, who use the water to bathe in and drink. Typically, such ponds are round, oval or kidney… …   Wikipedia

  • Waste pond — A waste pond or chemical pond is a small impounded water body used for the disposal of water pollutants, and sometimes utilized as a method of recycling or decomposing toxic substances. Such waste ponds may be used for regular disposal of… …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.