Infobox Russian city

CityDay=Third Sunday of September
FederalSubject=Rostov Oblast
MunStatus=Urban okrug
InJurisdictionOf=Rostov Oblast
AdmCtrOf=Rostov Oblast
LeaderName=Mikhail Chernyshyov
Legislature=City Duma
Charter=Charter of Rostov-on-Don
Event1=Town status
PostalCode=344000-344999 [ [ ru icon Russian postal objects - find by name] ]

Rostov-on-Don ( _ru. Росто́в-на-Дону́, "Rostov-na-Donu" IPA2|rɐ'stof nə dɐ'nu) is the city and the administrative center of Rostov Oblast and the Southern Federal District of Russia, located on the Don River, just 46 km from the Sea of Azov. Population: 1,052,000 (2007); 1,068,267 (2002 Census); 1,019,305 (1989 Census).


The mouth of the Don River has been of great commercial and cultural importance since the ancient times. It was the site of the Greek colony Tanais, of the Genoese fort Tana, and of the Turkish fortress Azov. (See the article on Azov for detailed information on those settlements.)

Rostov-on-Don was in essence established in 1749, as a customs house was built on the Temernik (a tributary of the Don), and soon a large fortress followed. It was named after Saint Dimitry of Rostov, a newly-glorified bishop from the old Northern town Rostov the Great. As Azov gradually declined, a settlement near the new fortress superseded it in importance as a chief commercial centre of the region. In 1756 the "Russian commercial and trading company of Constantinople" set up there, establishing a settlement on the high bank of the Don known as the "Kupecheskaya Sloboda" (the merchant's fortress). In 1796 this settlement received town rights and was renamed Rostov-on-Don, in order to distinguish it from its ancient namesake.

The Don River that the city is named for is a major shipping lane connecting southwestern Russia with regions to the north, and Rostov-on-Don is an important river port in both passenger-oriented and industrial shipping. With such a good geographical position, the city grew rapidly. As the most heavily industrialized city of South Russia, it was a bone of contention between the Whites and the Bolsheviks during the Civil War. By 1928, the regional government was moved from the old Cossack capital Novocherkassk to Rostov, which also engulfed the nearby Armenian town of Nor Nakhijevan (Nakhijevan, Proletarskiy district now).

In the Soviet years, the Bolsheviks demolished two of Rostov's principal landmarks - St Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (1908) and St George Cathedral in Nakhichevan (1783-1807). Much of the city was reduced to rubble by the German forces who occupied it twice - in 1941 and 1942. Nowadays, the most conspicuous feature of the downtown is the enormous Cathedral of Virgin's Nativity (1860-87), designed by Konstantin Thon.

Rostov-on-Don has experienced considerable economic growth in recent years, as the Russian economy recovers nationwide. Numerous start-up companies have established headquarters in the city, the median income is increasing, and the city is being transformed from a place thrown back in time by the collapse of USSR into a modern, industrial and technology-rich hub.


Public educational institutions include Southern Federal University and Don State Technical University, while the major private university is the Institute of Management, Business and Law. Along with higher education institutions can also be found in Rostov a French cultural center (Alliance francaise) [] , a British Council and German Goethe Institut, DAAD and Bosch foundation.


Two professional football clubs are based in Rostov-on-Don. Both of them FC Rostov and SKA are in the First Division. SKA had some success in UEFA Cup. In the Russian Basketball Super League, Rostov is represented by Lokomotiv. Handball team Rostov-Don plays in the Russian Handball Championship.

Music from Rostov

*Yuri Bashmet, violist
*Kasta hip-hop band
*Zapretshennye Barabantshiki

ister cities

The city is twinned with:
*flagicon|UK Glasgow, Scotland, UK
*flagicon|GER Dortmund, Germany
*flagicon|GER Gera, Germany
*flagicon|BUL Pleven, Bulgaria
*flagicon|FRA Le Mans, France
*flagicon|USA Mobile, Alabama, United States
*flagicon|ARM Yerevan, Armenia
*flagicon|FIN Kajaani, Finland
*flagicon|KOR Cheongju, South Korea
*flagicon|GRE Volos, Greece
*flagicon|TUR Antalya, Turkey
*flagicon|CAN Toronto, Canada

External links

*ru icon [ Official Rostov-on-Don Administration Site]
*en icon [ A history of Rostov]
*ru icon [ Rostov-on-Don Entertainment Site]
*ru icon [ Rostov and surrounds Topographic map 1:100,000] made by Soviet Army HQ (Service use only)
* [ Old views of Rostov-on-the-Don]
*ru icon [ Churches of Rostov-on-the-Don]
*ru icon [ Archeological museum-preserve Tanais (biggest in Russia) near Rostov-on-Don]
* [ News and events of Rostov-on-Don]
* [ Rostov-on-Don Photos]
*ru icon [ all about Don region and cossacks stanitza Veshenskaya]
*en icon [ Rostov Aviation Portal] English language support forum
*ru icon [ Rostov-on-Don City Portal]
*ru icon [ Rostov-on-Don City Map]

Notes and references

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rostov del Don — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pостов на Дону Rostov del Don Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rostov-on-Don — Rostov sur le Don Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rostov (homonymie). Rostov sur le Don Ростов на Дону …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rostov del Don — (en ruso Pостов на Дону Rostóv na Donú) es una ciudad de Rusia. Es la capital de la región de Rostov Oblast (en el sur oeste de la Rusia europea). Su población es de 1.012.300 habitantes en 2003, y se encuentra en la siguiente posición: ● 47º14 N …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rostov-on-Don — Stadt Rostow am Don Ростов на Дону Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rostov am Don — Stadt Rostow am Don Ростов на Дону Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rostov-on-Don — /ˌrɒstɒf ɒn ˈdɒn/ (say .rostof on don) noun a seaport in southern Russia in Europe, on the river Don, near the Sea of Azov. Russian, Rostov na Donu. Also, Rostov …   Australian English dictionary

  • Rostov-on-Don — noun A large city in Russia. Syn: Rostov na Donu, Rostov on the Don …   Wiktionary

  • Rostov on Don — noun a seaport on the Don River near the Sea of Azov in the European part of Russia • Syn: ↑Rostov, ↑Rostov na Donu • Instance Hypernyms: ↑city, ↑metropolis, ↑urban center, ↑port • Part Holonyms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rostov-on-Don — or Russian Rostov na Donu geographical name city S Russia in Europe on the Don population 1,027,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Rostov-on-Don — city, SW Russia; pop. 934,000 …   Webster's Gazetteer

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