Infobox Russian city
CityDay=Third Sunday of September
Charter of Rostov-on-Don
PostalCode=344000-344999 [ [http://info.russianpost.ru/servlet/department ru icon Russian postal objects - find by name] ]
Rostov-on-Don ( _ru. Росто́в-на-Дону́, "Rostov-na-Donu" IPA2|rɐ'stof nə dɐ'nu) is the city and the administrative center of
Rostov Oblastand the Southern Federal Districtof Russia, located on the Don River, just 46 km from the Sea of Azov. Population: 1,052,000 (2007); 1,068,267 (2002 Census); 1,019,305 (1989 Census).
The mouth of the Don River has been of great commercial and cultural importance since the ancient times. It was the site of the Greek colony Tanais, of the Genoese fort Tana, and of the Turkish fortress Azov. (See the article on
Azovfor detailed information on those settlements.)
Rostov-on-Don was in essence established in 1749, as a customs house was built on the
Temernik(a tributary of the Don), and soon a large fortress followed. It was named after Saint Dimitry of Rostov, a newly-glorified bishop from the old Northern town Rostov the Great. As Azov gradually declined, a settlement near the new fortress superseded it in importance as a chief commercial centre of the region. In 1756 the "Russian commercial and trading company of Constantinople" set up there, establishing a settlement on the high bank of the Don known as the "Kupecheskaya Sloboda" (the merchant's fortress). In 1796 this settlement received town rights and was renamed Rostov-on-Don, in order to distinguish it from its ancient namesake.
The Don River that the city is named for is a major shipping lane connecting southwestern Russia with regions to the north, and Rostov-on-Don is an important river port in both passenger-oriented and industrial shipping. With such a good geographical position, the city grew rapidly. As the most heavily industrialized city of South Russia, it was a bone of contention between the Whites and the
Bolsheviks during the Civil War. By 1928, the regional government was moved from the old Cossackcapital Novocherkasskto Rostov, which also engulfed the nearby Armenian town of Nor Nakhijevan(Nakhijevan, Proletarskiy district now).
In the Soviet years, the
Bolsheviksdemolished two of Rostov's principal landmarks - St Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (1908) and St George Cathedral in Nakhichevan (1783-1807). Much of the city was reduced to rubble by the German forces who occupied it twice - in 1941 and 1942. Nowadays, the most conspicuous feature of the downtown is the enormous Cathedral of Virgin's Nativity (1860-87), designed by Konstantin Thon.
Rostov-on-Don has experienced considerable economic growth in recent years, as the Russian economy recovers nationwide. Numerous start-up companies have established headquarters in the city, the median income is increasing, and the city is being transformed from a place thrown back in time by the collapse of
USSRinto a modern, industrial and technology-rich hub.
Public educational institutions include
Southern Federal Universityand Don State Technical University, while the major private university is the Institute of Management, Business and Law. Along with higher education institutions can also be found in Rostov a French cultural center (Alliance francaise) [http://www.afrostov.com] , a British Council and German Goethe Institut, DAAD and Bosch foundation.
Two professional football clubs are based in Rostov-on-Don. Both of them
FC Rostovand SKA are in the First Division. SKA had some success in UEFA Cup. In the Russian Basketball Super League, Rostov is represented by Lokomotiv. Handball team Rostov-Donplays in the Russian Handball Championship.
Music from Rostov
Yuri Bashmet, violist
The city is twinned with:
Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Le Mans, France
Mobile, Alabama, United States
Cheongju, South Korea
*ru icon [http://www.rostov-gorod.ru/ Official Rostov-on-Don Administration Site]
*en icon [http://www.rostov-time.ru/historye.html A history of Rostov]
*ru icon [http://www.rostov.ru/ Rostov-on-Don Entertainment Site]
*ru icon [http://sunsite.berkeley.edu:8085/x-ussr/100k/L-37-032.jpg1983 Rostov and surrounds Topographic map 1:100,000] made by Soviet Army HQ (Service use only)
* [http://olden.rostov.ru/enter/11.htm Old views of Rostov-on-the-Don]
*ru icon [http://rostov.rsu.ru/sobor/ Churches of Rostov-on-the-Don]
*ru icon [http://www.rsu.ru/region/tanais/home_.html Archeological museum-preserve Tanais (biggest in Russia) near Rostov-on-Don]
* [http://eng.russ-yug.ru/section/1/ News and events of Rostov-on-Don]
* [http://www.rostovondonphoto.com/ Rostov-on-Don Photos]
*ru icon [http://www.veshki-bazar.by.ru/ all about Don region and cossacks stanitza Veshenskaya]
*en icon [http://www.rovavia.ru/index.php?lang=en Rostov Aviation Portal] English language support forum
*ru icon [http://webrostov.ru/ Rostov-on-Don City Portal]
*ru icon [http://maps.yandex.ru/rostov Rostov-on-Don City Map]
Notes and references
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
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Rostov del Don — (en ruso Pостов на Дону Rostóv na Donú) es una ciudad de Rusia. Es la capital de la región de Rostov Oblast (en el sur oeste de la Rusia europea). Su población es de 1.012.300 habitantes en 2003, y se encuentra en la siguiente posición: ● 47º14 N … Enciclopedia Universal
Rostov-on-Don — Stadt Rostow am Don Ростов на Дону Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Rostov-on-Don — /ˌrɒstɒf ɒn ˈdɒn/ (say .rostof on don) noun a seaport in southern Russia in Europe, on the river Don, near the Sea of Azov. Russian, Rostov na Donu. Also, Rostov … Australian English dictionary
Rostov-on-Don — noun A large city in Russia. Syn: Rostov na Donu, Rostov on the Don … Wiktionary
Rostov on Don — noun a seaport on the Don River near the Sea of Azov in the European part of Russia • Syn: ↑Rostov, ↑Rostov na Donu • Instance Hypernyms: ↑city, ↑metropolis, ↑urban center, ↑port • Part Holonyms … Useful english dictionary
Rostov-on-Don — or Russian Rostov na Donu geographical name city S Russia in Europe on the Don population 1,027,000 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Rostov-on-Don — city, SW Russia; pop. 934,000 … Webster's Gazetteer