Treaty of Wallingford

Treaty of Wallingford

The Treaty of Wallingford of 1153, aka Treaty of Winchester or as the Treaty of Westminster, was an agreement that effectively ended The Anarchy, a dispute between Matilda and her cousin Stephen of England over the English crown.

The so-called Treaty of Wallingford forced Stephen to recognise Matilda's son Henry of Anjou, who became Henry II, as his heir, while Stephen kept the throne until he died. Stephen had built countercastles near Wallingford to attack Matilda’s supporter Brien FitzCount at Wallingford Castle. Henry launched attacks on those countercastles, and a battle between the forces was expected. However William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel successfully argued the futility of further fighting. A temporary truce was reached at Wallingford on the banks of the Thames, but Stephen’s son Eustace opposed settling. However, after Eustace's sudden death in August 1153, it appears that a more formal agreement was written at Winchester in November 1153, later being signed at Westminster. The agreement called for the dismantling of Stephen's countercastles.

Henry II later rewarded Wallingford for its assistance in the struggle by giving the town its royal charter in 1155.

ee also

*List of treaties


*Bradbury, J. (1996) "Stephen and Matilda: the Civil War of 1139-1153", Sutton Publishing, ISBN 0-7509-0612-X

External links

* [ Wallingford History Gateway]

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