- Treaty of Wallingford
The Treaty of Wallingford of
1153, aka Treaty of Winchester or as the Treaty of Westminster, was an agreement that effectively ended The Anarchy, a dispute between Matilda and her cousin Stephen of Englandover the English crown.
The so-called Treaty of Wallingford forced Stephen to recognise Matilda's son Henry of Anjou, who became Henry II, as his heir, while Stephen kept the throne until he died. Stephen had built countercastles near Wallingford to attack Matilda’s supporter
Brien FitzCountat Wallingford Castle. Henry launched attacks on those countercastles, and a battle between the forces was expected. However William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundelsuccessfully argued the futility of further fighting. A temporary truce was reached at Wallingfordon the banks of the Thames, but Stephen’s son Eustace opposed settling. However, after Eustace's sudden death in August 1153, it appears that a more formal agreement was written at Winchesterin November 1153, later being signed at Westminster. The agreement called for the dismantling of Stephen's countercastles.
Henry II later rewarded
Wallingfordfor its assistance in the struggle by giving the town its royal charterin 1155.
List of treaties
*Bradbury, J. (1996) "Stephen and Matilda: the Civil War of 1139-1153", Sutton Publishing, ISBN 0-7509-0612-X
* [http://firstname.lastname@example.org/history Wallingford History Gateway]
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