company_name = Bayerische Motoren Werke AG
foundation = 1913
location_city = flagicon|Germany
Norbert Reithofer(CEO and Chairmanof Board of Management)
Joachim Milberg (Chairman of
Automobiles, motorcycles, bicycles
revenue = €56.02 billion (2007)cite web |url=http://www.bmwgroup.com/annualreport2007/_downloads/BMW_Group_2007.pdf |title=Annual Report 2007 |accessdate=2008-08-25 |publisher=BMW Group]
operating_income = profit €4.212 billion (2007)
net_income = profit €3.134 billion (2007)
num_employees = 107,500 (2007)
subsid = Mini, Rolls-Royce
homepage = [http://www.bmw.com/ bmw.com]
intl = yesaudio-nohelp|Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft.ogg|Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW), ( _en. Bavarian Motor Works) is an independent German automobile manufacturer founded in 1916. BMW is a worldwide manufacturer of high-performance and premium
automobiles and motorcycles, and is the current parent company of both the MINI and Rolls-Royce car brands.
After World War I, BMW (and Germany) were forced to cease aircraft (engine) production by the terms of the Versailles Armistice Treaty. [cite web |url=http://www.pilotenschule.ch/geschichte.htm |title= Fliegerschule St.Gallen - history|accessdate=2008-08-24 |language=German ] The company consequently shifted to
motorcycleproduction in 1923 once the restrictions of the treaty started to be lifted [cite book|url=http://books.google.com.au/books?id=8XEV3HRlBZ4C|title=BMW Motorcycles|author=Darwin Holmstrom, Brian J. Nelson|isbn=076031098X|publisher=MotorBooks/MBI Publishing Company|date=2002|accessdate=2008-08-24] , followed by automobiles in 1928.Fact|date=August 2008
The circular blue and white BMW logo or roundel is often alleged to portray the movement of an airplane propeller, an interpretation that BMW adopted for convenience in 1929, which was actually twelve years after the roundel was created. [cite web|url=http://jeff.dean.home.att.net/roundel-myth.pdf|title=The Origin of the BMW Logo: Fact and Fiction|date=2007-01-09|accessdate=2008-08-24|author=Jeff Dean] [cite journal|title=Uniquely BMW|volue=Vol. 1|date=2006|publisher=BMW North America] In fact, the emblem evolved from the circular
Rapp Motorenwerkecompany logo, from which the BMW company grew. The Rapp logo was combined with the blue and white colors of the flag of Bavariato produce the BMW roundel so familiar today. The early success of the outstanding BMW IIIainline-six aviation engine, from 1917-18 in World War I, with the Luftstreitkräftein a limited number of Fokker D.VIIfighters, as well as a number of prototype "inline-six" fighters from various manufacturers, might have actually influenced the BMW logo's design.
BMW's first significant aircraft power plant was the BMW IIIa inline-six liquid-cooled engine of 1918, much preferred for its high-altitude performance.Fact|date=August 2008 With German rearmament in the 1930s, the company again began producing aircraft engines for the
Luftwaffe. Among its successful WWII engine designs were the BMW 132and BMW 801air-cooled radial engines, and the pioneering BMW 003axial-flow turbojet, which powered the tiny, 1944-45-era jet-powered "emergency fighter", the Heinkel He 162"Spatz", and was tested in the A-1b version of the world's first jet fighter, the Messerschmitt Me 262.Fact|date=August 2008
By 1959 the automotive division of BMW was in financial difficulties and a shareholders meeting was held to decide whether to go into liquidation or find a way of carrying on. It was decided to carry on and to try to cash in on the current economy car boom enjoyed so successfully by some of Germany's ex-aircraft manufacturers such as Messerschmitt and Heinkel. Therefore the rights to manufacture the tiny Italian Iso "Isetta" were bought using a modified form of BMW's own motorcycle engine. This was moderately successful and helped the company get back on its feet.The dominating shareholder of the BMW Aktiengesellschaft since 1959 is the Quandt family.
Stefan Quandt, Johanna Quandtand Susanne Klatten(born Quandt) together own about 46% of the stocks. The rest is in public float.
BMW AG bought the British
Rover Group[cite book|url=http://books.google.com.au/books?id=KdbY5QkQ64cC|title=Corporate Cultures And Global Brands|author=Albrecht Rothacher|date=2004|publisher=World Scientific|isbn=9812388567|pages=p239] (which at the time consisted of the Rover, Land Roverand MG brands as well as the rights to defunct brands including Austin and Morris) in 1994 and owned it for six years. By 2000, Rover was making huge losses and BMW decided to sell the combine. The MG and Rover brands were sold to the Phoenix Consortium to form MG Rover, while Land Rover was taken over by Ford. BMW, meanwhile, retained the rights to build the new MINI, which was launched in 2001.
Total world production in 2006 was 1,366,838 vehicles produced in 5 countries. [ [http://oica.net/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/bmw.pdf World Motor Vehicle Production, OICA correspondents survey] ]
BMW began building motorcycle engines and then motorcycles after
World War I. Its motorcycle division is now known as BMW Motorrad. Their first successful motorcycle, after the failed Helios and Flink, was the "R32" in 1923. This had a "Boxer" twin engine, in which an ICCE cylinder protrudes into the air-flow from each side of the machine. Apart from their singles (basically to the same pattern), all their motorcycles had used this distinctive layout until the early 1980s. Many BMWs are still produced to this pattern, which is designated the R Series.
In 1983 came the K Series (affectionately known as "The Flying Brick"),(Correction, "The flying brick" was the nickname of The BMW K1 model) still shaft drive but now water cooled and with either 3 or 4 cylinders mounted in a straight line from front to back. Shortly after, BMW also started making the chain-driven F and G series with single and parallel twin
In the early 1990s, BMW updated the airhead Boxer engine which became known as the
oilhead. In 2002, the oilhead engine had two spark plugs per cylinder. In 2004 it added a built-in balance shaft, an increased capacity to 1170 cc and enhanced performance to 100 hp (75 kW) for the R1200GS, compared to 85 hp (63 kW) of the previous R1150GS. More powerful variants of the oilhead and hexhead engines are available in the R1100S and R1200S, producing Convert|98|hp|kW|0|abbr=on and Convert|122|hp|kW|0|abbr=on, respectively.
. Innovations include a unique electronically adjustable front and rear suspension, and a Hossack-type front fork BMW calls Duolever.
BMW was one of the earliest manufacturers to offer anti-lock brakes on production motorcycles starting in the late 1980s. The generation of anti-lock brakes available on the 2006 and later BMW motorcycles pave the way for the introduction of sophisticated
electronic stability control, or anti-skid technology - a first for production motorcycles - later in the 2007 model year.
BMW has been an innovator in motorcycle suspension design, taking up telescopic front suspension long before most other manufacturers. Then they switched to Earles Fork, front suspension by swinging fork (1955 to 1969). Most modern BMWs are truly rear swingarm, single sided at the back (compare with the regular swinging fork usually, and wrongly, called
Some BMWs started using yet another trademark front suspension design, the Telelever, in the early 1990s. Like the Earles Fork, the Telelever significantly reduces dive under braking.
BMW motorcycles have invoked worldwide interest from
clubs. The two largest BMW motorcycle clubs in the world, the BMW Riders Association and the BMW Motorcycle Owners of AmericaFact|date=January 2008 are headquartered in the United States.
Large-scale production models
Project i is a special division of BMW, dedicated to building low emission
city cars [http://www6.lexisnexis.com/publisher/EndUser?Action=UserDisplayFullDocument&orgId=101846&topicId=104970025&docId=l:819957245] .
The 1 Series was launched globally in Autumn 2004 and shares many structural, chassis, powertrain, hardware and electronic elements with the larger 3 Series. The model was started to provide a lower point of entry into the BMW range as the 3 Series moved gradually up-market. Initially launched as a 5-door hatchback, a 3-door version was also launched in July 2007. The 1 Series is priced between the MINI and the current
E903 Series. Because the coupe is the only rear wheel drivevehicle in its class, it is somewhat considered the successor to the BMW 2002.
The 1 Series coupe and convertible went on sale in the United States in
model year2008 as the 128i and the 135i. The convertible, unlike the 3 Series convertible, uses a soft-top instead of a folding hardtop. This is lighter, cheaper to manufacture and preserves more trunk space than the folding hardtop would allow.
The BMW 3 Series is a
compact executive carmanufactured since model year1975. The 3 Series is currently in its fifth generation, the E90 Current models include the sport sedan (E90), station wagon (E91), coupe (E92), and convertible (E93).
The 3 series is one of BMW's most important models, as it accounts for a majority of its worldwide sales.
executive car. For model year2008, BMW has revised the 5 Series with a slightly redesigned interior, subtle exterior details, and new motor options.
*The M5 is the Motorsport division's version of the 5 Series. The new M5 (built on the E60 5 series chassis) is powered by a F1-inspired V10 engine, producing Convert|507|hp|kW|0|abbr=on and is mated with a 7-speed sequential manual gearbox (SMG) transmission, which is capable of a top speed of about 330 km/h (production variants are restricted to 250 km/h, or 155 mph). BMW has also recently added a 6-speed manual transmission for 2007 and newer models.
The 6 Series is BMW's grand touring luxury sport coupe, based on the 5 Series' platform. Currently available as the 650i in coupe and convertible models in the U.S., the 6 Series returned in 2004 after a 15-year absence from BMW's model lineup.
*M6: A high performance version of the 6 Series. Developed by BMW's M Division, it is powered by the same 5.0 L V10 Convert|507|hp|kW|0|abbr=on engine seen in the BMW M5. It is currently available in Europe, North America, South America, Australia and South Africa.
BMW's full-size flagship executive sedan. Typically, BMW introduces many of their innovations first in the 7 Series. For example, the somewhat controversial
iDrivesystem debuted in the 7 Series. The 7 Series Hydrogen, featuring one of the world's first hydrogenfueled combustion engines, is fueled by liquid hydrogen and emits only water vapor. Since the infrastructure for refueling a hydrogen internal combustion engine is not widely available, the V12engine also runs on gasoline. Numerous engines power the 7 Series worldwide. BMW offers diesel, straight 6, V8and V12motors, as well as the Alpinatuned supercharged V8. It is also available in a bulletproofversion.Fact|date=July 2007
BMW's second crossover SUV debuted in 2004 (called SAV or Sports Activity Vehicle by BMW) and is based on the E46 3 Series platform. For 2007, the X3 is powered by the N52 inline 6 cylinder engine that debuted on the 2006 E90 3 Series. In 2007 a face lift was given to the X3, including an X-drive update, suspension adjustments, an engine upgrade, and aesthetics inside and out.
Marketed in Europe as an off-roader, it benefits from BMW's xDrive all-wheel drive system.
The BMW X5 (E53) is a mid-size luxury SUV (SAV) sold by BMW since 2000. It features all-wheel drive and a line of straight-6 and V8 engines. For non-U.S. models there is a 3.0 L diesel engine.
BMW E70automobile platform replaced the BMW E53as the X5's underpinnings in November 2006. The E70-based X5 SUV features many new technological advancements including BMW's iDrive system as standard equipment and, for the first time in a BMW, an optional third row seat.
The current generation incorporates safety innovations for the crossover segment, such as a unique rear framing section to protect 3rd row occupants from injury due to an impact.
The U.S. E70 features either a 3.0si(253 hp)or a 4.8i(350 hp) powertrain. In most parts of Europe, either a 3.0d(232 hp)or a 3.0sd(282 hp) powertrain is available. It has been announced that the X5 M will be released in 2008. It will feature the V12 engine from the 7 Series, which will provide the car with Convert|432|hp|kW|0|abbr=on. The X5 M will feature a full body kit, new alloy wheels, and generally a revised look.
A crossover coupe SUV released by BMW in December 2007.
An all new version of the 550i/650i's engine is being used in the X6 with twin turbo technology from the 135i/335i. The standard engines 340 bhp will be increased to 410 bhp.
roadsterand coupewhich succeeded the Z3. From 2006 the Z4 Roadster is available as a 3.0i (3.0 L I6 with 215 hp), a 3.0si available with the new generation 3.0 L I6 with Convert|255|hp|kW|0|abbr=on, a 2.5si with a 2.5 I6 with Auto bhp|218|0 or a 2.0i with a Auto bhp|150|0 2.0 L I4. The Z4 coupe is available only in the high-performance 3.0si trim powered by the 3.0 L Convert|255|hp|kW|0|abbr=on I6. The Z4 is currently built at the Spartanburg plant.
*Z4 M The new Z4 M roadster and coupe have been released with an E46 M3 motor (3.2 L, 333 hp) and also features the M braking, suspension, and styling characteristics.
Based on the 3 Series, the M3 defined an entirely new market for BMW: a race-ready production vehicle. Since its debut, the M3 is heralded in enthusiast circles, in large part due to its unique geometry and award winning engines. The newest platform became available the Autumn of 2007 in Europe, and second quarter of 2008 for the U.S. in Coupe (E92), and later the Cabriolet (E93), and Sedan (E90) variants.
Based on the 5 Series, the M5 is the M division's 507 hp (378 kW) V10-powered version of the E60 5 series which accelerates to convert|62|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on in 4.7 seconds. [Cite web |url=http://www.bmw.com/com/en/newvehicles/mseries/m5/2007/_shared/pdf/m5_sedan_touring_datasheet.pdf |title=Equipment and Technical data |accessdate=2008-05-17 |format=PDF |work=BMW AG]
The M6 is the M division's version of the 6 Series.The M6 shares its drivetrain with the M5. The V10 produces Convert|508|hp|kW|0|abbr=on and 383lb/ft (520Nm) of Torque. The production M6 debuted at the 2005
Geneva Motor Show. It is currently available in a coupe and a convertible version. There is speculation that an M6 CSL version is to be released in the future.
The vehicle is based on the 6 Series coupe and convertible, which were launched in 2004.
Carbon fiber and other light materials are used in places like the bumpers and roof that are far from the centre of gravity and/or high up, so that they not only reduce the overall weight but improve the handling by reducing the moment of inertia and the centre of mass height.
The previous generation was launched in 1983, but ended in 1989 with around 5,855 sold.
The Z4 M is powered by the same 3.2-litre straight-six engine featured in the BMW M3(E46), detuned slightly to fit in the Z4's smaller engine bay. The engine’s performance figures are: 3,246 cc displacement, Auto bhp|330|0 at 7,900 rpm, Auto ft.lbf|262|0 of torque at 4,900 rpm, 8,000 rpm
redline.Output per litre is Auto bhp|103|0, and power-to-weight ratio is 9.9 lb/bhp. Acceleration to convert|60|mi/h|km/h|-1|abbr=on comes in 4.8 seconds and top speed is limited electronically to convert|155|mi/h|km/h|0|abbr=on.
BMW M8 Prototype: A high-performance version of the 8 Series coupe that was designed to compete with Ferrariand other exotics. It was never put into production because of the lack of a market for such a car.
*1999 Z9: a
concept cardesigned by Adrian van Hooydonk that marked a departure from BMW's traditional conservative style, causing some controversy among BMW enthusiasts. This later on became the 6-series.
*BMW 750hL: showcased at
Expo 2000at the BMW World exhibit. A 7 Series sedan powered by a hydrogen fuel cellengine. As of March 2007, there are as many as 100 750hL vehicles worldwide for testing & publicity purposes. [http://www.bmwworld.com/models/750hl.htm See the BMW website] .
*2007 BMW CS Concept: BMW has indicated that the Gran Turismo will be based on this prototype.
*2008 Concept 1 series tii: A high-performance tuned version of the 1 Series. "tii" references the 2002tii model.
BMW GINA: concept based on the structure of a Z8 with a light fabric skin and hydro-electric technology to allow the shape to change. [cite web |url=http://www.autoweek.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080610/FREE/916890563/1023 |title=Future vision? BMW reveals fabric-skinned concept after six years |accessdate=2008-06-11 |author=Greg Migliore |date=2008-06-10 |work=www.autoweek.com |publisher=]
BMW Concept X1: BMW first Sports Activity Vehicle in the compact class.
Out of production
* M1: a 1970s mid-engine sports car, designed in conjunction with
Lamborghini. As Lamborghini went into bankruptcy the production was shifted to the largest independent motor vehicle company in Germany, Karmannin Osnabrueck.
* Z3: a 2-seater
roadster. Appeared in the James Bondfilm GoldenEye, marking the first time Pierce Brosnanplayed Bond and the first time the MI6 agent's gadget-laden car wasn't British.
** M coupé and roadster: high-performance hard-top and soft-top versions of the Z3.
* 8 Series: a fast, high-technology coupé of the 1990s. The upcoming
BMW Gran Turismocan be seen as a revival of the model.
* Z1: a late 1980s two-seater with innovative modular construction; only 8,000 were made. Best known for its vertically sliding doors.
* Z8: a roadster and
halo carwith design based on the classic 507 roadster from the 1950s. Appeared in the James Bondfilm The World Is Not Enough, marking the last time Bond would drive a BMW. Only 5000 were built, the last 500 being a special edition built by Alpina but sold directly from BMW. It was built on an aluminum space frame design.
BMW made many cars over the years which have had great impact on the world of motoring.
* 3.0 CSL
* M3 3.2 liters
* M6 (e24) First production line M car. Supercoupe capable of over convert|150|mi/h|km/h|abbr=on
* M Roadster
* Dixi, 3/20, 303, 309, 315, 319, 320, 321, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 335
Isetta, 600, 700
* 501, 502, 503, 507
* 3200 CS, 2000 CS, 2002 Turbo
* New Sixes (2500/2800/Bavaria/2.5/2.8/3.0/3.3): Predecessor to today's 7 Series
* New Class (1500/1502/1600/1800/1802/2000/2002): Predecessor to the 3 Series
Internally, BMW associates an "e-code" for each generation of a series ("E" stands for "Entwicklung", German for "development" or "evolution"). These "chassis codes" only change to signify a major redesign of a series, or the introduction of a new series. "BMW AG" reported in September 2006 that BMW would switch to the letter "F" for their future models, beginning with the F01 7 Series replacement.
BMW E3— (1968–1977)2.5, 2.8, 3.0, 3.3 "New Six" sedans
BMW E9— (1969–1975) 2800CS, 3.0CS, 3.0CSL "New Six" Coupés
BMW E12— (1974–1981) 5 Series
BMW E21— (1976–1983) 3 Series
BMW E23— (1977–1986) 7 Series
BMW E24— (1976–1989) 6 Series
BMW E26— (1978–1981) M1
BMW E28— (1981–1987) 5 Series
BMW E30— (1984–1991) 3 Series (1982-1983 E30 sold in Europe)
BMW E31— (1989–1997) 8 Series
BMW E32— (1986–1994) 7 Series
BMW E34— (1988–1995) 5 Series
BMW E36— (1992–1999) 3 Series
BMW E36/5— (1995–1998) 3 Series Compact (US market known as "318ti")
BMW E36/7— (1996-2002) Z3 Series Roadster
BMW E36/8— (1998-2002) Z3 Series Coupé
BMW E38— (1994–2001) 7 Series
* BMW E38/2 — (1994–2001) 7 Series long wheelbase
* BMW E38/3 — (1998–2001) 7 Series Protection
BMW E39— (1995–2003) 5 Series
* BMW E46/5 — (2000–2004) 3 Series Compact
* BMW E46/4 — (1998–2005) 3 Series Sedan
* BMW E46/3 — (1999–2005) 3 Series Touring/Sports Wagon
* BMW E46/2 — (1999–2006) 3 Series Coupé
* BMW E46/C — (1999–2006) 3 Series Convertible
BMW E52— (2000–2003) Z8
BMW E53— (2000–2006) X5
BMW E60— (2004–present) 5 Series
* BMW E61 — (2004–2007) 5 Series Touring/Sports Wagon
* BMW E63 — (2004–present) 6 Series Coupé
* BMW E64 — (2004–present) 6 Series convertible
* BMW E65 — (2001–2007) 7 Series short wheelbase
* BMW E66 — (2001–2007) 7 Series long wheelbase
* BMW E67 — (2001–2007) 7 Series Protection
* BMW E68 — (2005–2007) Hydrogen 7
BMW E70— (2007-present) X5
BMW E71— (2008) X6
BMW E72— (2009) X6 Hybrid
BMW E81— (2007-present) 1 Series (3-door)
BMW E82— (2007-present) 1 Series Coupé
BMW E82/2— (2010) Z2
BMW E83— (2004–present) X3
BMW E84— (2009) X1
BMW E85— (2003–present) Z4
BMW E86— (2006–present) Z4 Coupé
BMW E87— (2004–present) 1 Series (5-door)
BMW E88— (2008) 1 Series Convertible
BMW E89— (2009) Z4
BMW E90— (2005–present) 3 Series
BMW E91— (2005–present) 3 Series Touring/Sports Wagon
BMW E92— (2006–present) 3 Series Coupé
BMW E93— (2007–present) 3 Series Convertible
BMW E99— (2012) V5
BMW F01— (2008) 7 Series
BMW F02— (2009) 7 Series long wheelbase
BMW F03— (2008) 7 Series Protection
BMW F04— (2009) 8 Series
BMW F10— (2009) 5 Series
BMW F11— (2009) 5 Series Touring/Sports Wagon
BMW F12— (2011) 6 Series Coupé
BMW F12C— (2010) X4
BMW F13— (2011) 6 Series convertible
BMW F25— (2011) X3
BMW F30— (2012) 3 Series
BMW F31— (2012) 3 Series Touring/Sports Wagon
BMW F32— (2012) 3 Series Coupé
BMW F33— (2012) 3 Series Convertible
Recently BMW has become concerned with the rising number of their vehicles being imported from the United States into Canada and with the cooperation of the Registrar of Imported Vehicles (a private contractor to the federal Government of Canada) has placed impediments to the importation of BMW vehicles into Canada. BMW now requires owners importing their cars into Canada to pay a fee of $300 (CDN) for a document guaranteeing the vehicle's admissibility into Canada and $500 (CDN) for a letter advising the Registrar of Imported Vehicles that there are no outstanding recalls on that vehicle.
BMW has been engaged in
motorsportactivities since the dawn of the first BMW motorcycle.
Formula BMW- A Junior racing Formula category.
Kumho BMW Championship- A BMW-exclusive championship run in the United Kingdom.
Formula One- BMW has won 19 grand prix as an engine supplier. BMW won its first race as a constructor on 8th June 2008 at the Grand Prix of Canadawith Robert Kubicadriving.
** BMW Sauber F1 Team - current BMW works Formula One team
WilliamsF1- former Formula One partner from 2000-2005, and designer of BMW's Le Mans winning sports car
Brabham- Former Formula One partner, winning the Drivers Championship in 1983
Arrows- used BMW engines from 1984 to 1986
Benetton- used BMW engines in 1986 with which Gerhard Bergertook his first F1 victory.
Le Mans 24 Hours- BMW won Le Mans in 1999 with the BMW V12 LMRdesigned by Williams Grand Prix Engineering. Also the Kokusai Kaihatsu Racing team won the 1995 24 Hours of Le Manswith a McLaren F1 GTRrace car.
Nürburgring- BMW won the 24 Hours Nürburgring18 times and the 1000km Nürburgring2 times (1976 and 1981).
24 Hours of Daytona- BMW won 1 time (1976)
Spa 24 Hours- BMW won 21 times
McLaren F1- Successful mid-1990s GT racing car with a BMW designed engine. It won the BPR Global GT Seriesin 1995 and 1996 and the 24 Hours of Le Mansin 1995.
BMW has a long and successful history in
touring car racing.
European Touring Car Championship(ETCC) - Since 1968, BMW won 24 drivers' championshipsFact|date=July 2008 along with several manufacturers' and teams' titles.
World Touring Car Championship(WTCC) - BMW won all drivers' championship at present and three manufacturers' titles (1987, 2005, 2006 and 2007)
* DTM (
Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft) - the following won the DTM drivers' championship driving BMWs:
Roberto Ravaglia, BMW M3
Eric van der Poele, BMW M3
* The DRM (
Deutsche Rennsport Meisterschaft) was won by Harald Ertlin a BMW 320i Turboin 1978
British Touring Car Championship(BTCC) - BMW won the drivers' championship in 1988, 1991, 1992 and 1993 and manufacturers' championship in 1991 and 1993.
Japanese Touring Car Championship(JTCC) - BMW (Schnitzer) flew from Europe to Japan to compete in the JTCC and won the championship in 1995.
Mille Miglia- BMW won Mille Miglia in 1940 in with a 328 Touring Coupé. Previously in 1938 the 328 sport car also obtained a class victory.
RAC Rally- The 328 sport car won this event in 1939.
Paris Dakar Rally- BMW motorcycles have won this event 6 times.
The term "Beemer" started as a slang term for the acronym "BMW," adapted from the early-20th century British pronunciation of BSA (as IPA|/ˈbisə/ or IPA|/ˈbizə/), whose motorcycles were often racing BMWs. Over time, the term became closely associated with BMW motorcycles.
In the United States, the term "Bimmer" was later coined to refer (exclusively) to BMW automobiles. As such, use of the word "Beemer" to refer to a BMW automobile is frowned upon by some BMW enthusiasts,Cite web|url=http://www.boston-bmwcca.org/reference/Bimmer-Beemer.aspx|title=Bimmer vs. Beemer|accessdate=2007-06-23|work=boston-bmwcca.org] because it is the term used for motorcycles. Although the distinction is arbitrary, the media, movies, and people still use the term "Beemer" to refer to the automobiles.
The initials BMW are pronounced|beː ɛm ˈveː in German. The model series are referred to as "Einser" ("One-er" for 1 series), "Dreier" ("Three-er" for 3 series), "Fünfer" ("Five-er" for the 5 series), "Sechser" ("Six-er" for the 6 series), "Siebener" ("Seven-er" for the 7 series).
The company is a charter member of the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) National Environmental Achievement Track, which recognizes companies for their environmental stewardship and performance. It is also a member of the South Carolina Environmental Excellence Program and is on the Dow JonesSustainability Group Index, which rates environmentally friendly companies. [Grahl, C: “Green finishing”, page 35(4). Industrial Paint & Powder, 2006] BMW has taken measures to reduce the impact the company has on the environment. It is trying to design less-polluting cars by making existing models more efficient, as well as developing environmentally friendly fuels for future vehicles. Possibilities include: electric power, hybrid power (combustion, engines and electric motors)hydrogen engines. [Bird, J and Walker, M: “BMW A Sustainable Future? ”, page 11. Wild World 2005]
BMW has created a range of high-end bicycles sold online and through dealerships. They range from the Kid's Bike to the EUR 4,499 Enduro Bike. [ [https://shop.bmwgroup.com/is-bin/INTERSHOP.enfinity/WFS/Store-BMWShop-Site/en_GB/-/EUR/ViewStandardCatalog-Browse?CategoryName=LSMOBI&CategoryDomainName=Store-Storefront BMW Online Shop ] ] In the United States, only the Cruise Bike and Kid's Bike models are sold. [ [http://www.bmw-online.com/BMWRA_Products.asp?s1=bikes&submit.x=0&submit.y=0&submit=Search&r1=&p1=10&p2=10&i1=ON BMWonline - 1-888-BMW-ONLINE (888-269-6654) BMW, clothes, clothing, shirts, sweaters, polos, models, miniatures, shirt, tee, tees, sweater, polo, model, miniature, jewelry, motorcycle, leathers, boots, gloves ] ]
BMWs follow a certain nomenclature in the naming of many of their vehicles; a 3 digit number is followed by 1 or 2 letters. The first number is the series number. The next two numbers traditionally represent the engine displacement in cubic centimeters divided by 100.
The system of letters is:
*d = diesel
*i = fuel-injected
all wheel drive
*L = long wheel base
coupe(no longer used)
*T = touring (wagon/estate)
*g = biogas
*h = hydrogen
*s = sport package (typically includes front sports seats, spoiler, aerodynamic body kit, upgraded rims, etc.)
*e = eta (essentially "economy" in English)
*es = eta sport
*cs = sport coupe (a combination seen on early highend coupes like the E9, E24, and special Motorsport variants of the E31)
For example, a BMW 760Li is a fuel-injected 7 Series with a long wheel base and 6.0 litres of displacement.
However, there are exceptions. The 2007 BMW 328i is a 3 Series that has a 3.0 litre engine. The 2007 BMW 335i also has a 3.0 litre engine; however, it is twin-turbocharged, which is not identified by the nomenclature.
The 'L' signifies special luxury variants. Most notable being the L7 (most famous of which are E23 and E38 based) and L6 (E24 based). They traditionally featured extended leather as well as special interior appointments.
The 'M' - for Motorsport - identifies the high-performance M vehicle of a particular series (e.g. M3, M5, M6, etc). For example, the M6 is the highest performing vehicle in the 6 Series lineup. Although 'M' cars should be separated into their respective series platforms, it is very common to see 'M' cars grouped together as its own series.
The 'Z' identifies a two seater roadster (e.g. Z1, Z3, Z4, etc). M variants of Z models have the M as a suffix or prefix, depending on country of sale. (e.g. 'Z4 M' / 'M Roadster' in Canada)
A capitalized 'X' may supersede the series number (e.g. X3 and X5) which refers to the Sports Activity Vehicle (SAV) lineup, all of which feature BMW's xDrive.
Both X & Z vehicles will have 'i' or 'si' follow the engine displacement denoted in litres. The 'si' (e.g. X3 3.0si) identifies the vehicle as being equipped with the 'sport package' & is 'fuel-injected'. X & Z vehicles only denoting 'i' (e.g. X3 3.0i) identifies the vehicle as 'fuel-injected' and no sport package.
Also, station-wagons/estates are traditionally given the "Touring" or "Sport Wagon" tagline, depending on country of sale.
From the summer of 2001 until October, 2005, BMW hosted the [http://www.bmwfilms.com BMW Films] website, showcasing sporty models being driven to extremes. These videos are still popular within the enthusiast community and proved to be a ground-breaking online advertising campaign.
Annually since 1999, BMW enthusiasts have met in Santa Barbara, CA to attend
Bimmerfest. One of the largest brand-specific gatherings in the U.S., over 3000 people attended in 2006, and over 1000 BMW cars were present. In 2007, the event was held on May 5.
BMWs have been assembled in
South Africasince 1970, when Praetor Monteerders' plant was opened in Rosslyn, near Pretoria. BMW acquired the company in 1973, which became BMW South Africa, the first wholly-owned subsidiary of BMW to be established outside Germany. Three unique models that BMW Motorsportcreated for the South African market were the BMW 333i, which added a 6-cylinder 3.2 litre engine to the BMW 3 Series, [ [ [http://www.bmwplant.co.za/Content/frame_content.jsp@content=http-3a-2f-2fhaf0gau02~5.htm BMW South Africa - Plant Rosslyn ] ] the BMW 325is which was powered by an Alpina derived 2.7 litre engine, and the E23 M745i, which used the engine from the BMW M1.
Following the end of
apartheidin 1994, and the lowering of import tariffs, BMW South Africa ended local production of the 5-Series and 7-Series, in order to concentrate on production of the 3-Series for the export market. South African-built BMWs are now exported to right hand drivemarkets including Japan, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Singapore, and Hong Kong, as well as Sub-Saharan Africa. Since 1997, BMW South Africa has produced vehicles in left hand drivefor export to Taiwan, the United Statesand Iran, as well as South America.
BMW Manufacturing Co has been manufacturing the X5, and more recently, also the X3 and X6 in
South Carolina, USA. [cite press release|url=http://www.worldcarfans.com/2060925.003/last-of-first-generation-bmw-x5-manufactured|title=Out with the old, in with the new|publisher=BMW AG|date=2006-10-16|accessdate=2008-09-04]
BMW established in 2006 a sales subsidiary in
Gurgaon(National Capital Region) and a state-of-the-art assembly plant for BMW 3 and 5 Series started operation in early 2007 in Chennai. The construction of the plant started in January 2006 with an initial investment of more than one billion Indian Rupees. The plant started fullfledged operation in the first quarter of 2007 and produces the different variants of BMW 3 Seriesand BMW 5 Series. [ [http://www.bmw.in/in/en/index_narrowband.html International BMW website ] ]
In May 2004 BMW opened a factory in
Shenyang, north-east China, in a joint venture with Brilliance China Automotive. [ [http://www.testdriven.co.uk/news.cfm/bmw-opens-china-factory BMW opens China factory - TestDriven.co.uk ] ] The factory is expected to produce 30,000 3 and 5 Series annually. BMW also has plans for a 2nd factory in China where the 1 Series will be produced. [ [http://www.chinacartimes.com/category/bmw-china BMW China archive at China Car Times ] ]
Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited
* Rover: Owned by BMW from 1994 to 2000, BMW retained the
Miniafter selling off the rest of the company (see MG Rover Group).
Land Rover: Sold to Ford, now bought by Indian automaker Tata; the current Range Roverwas developed during BMW's ownership of the company and until recently was powered by their 4.4 L V8petrol (gasoline) engine and BMW 3.0 L I6 diesel engine
* MINI: A small
hatchback; inspired by the original Mini, which was the British competitor to the Volkswagen Beetle.
Wiesmann: A company making sporty 2-seater roadsters and coupés for which BMW supplies the engine and transmission components.
*Bavaria Wirtschaftsagentur GmbH: BMW Group subsidiary that offers insurance services.
AC Schnitzer: A tuning company specialising in BMW vehicles.
Alpina: A Motor Manufacturer in its own right, who creates vehicles based on BMW cars.
Breyton: A tuning manufacturer specialising in BMW cars.
Dinan: A tuning company specialising in BMW and Mini cars
G-Power: A tuning company specialising in BMW vehicles.
Hartge: A tuning company specialising in BMW, MINI and Range Rover cars.
Hamann Motorsport: A Motor Styling and Tuning Specialist who creates vehicles based on BMW cars.
MK-Motorsport: A tuning company specialising in BMW cars.
Racing Dynamics: A tuning company and motor manufacturer specialising in BMW Group vehicles.
* [http://www.bmwgroup.com/ BMW Group International]
** [http://www.bmw.com/com/en/index.html BMW Automobiles International]
** [http://www.bmw-motorrad.com/com/en/index.html BMW Motorrad International]
** [http://www.mini.com/ MINI International]
** [http://www.rolls-roycemotorcars.com/master_frame.html Rolls-Royce Motors]
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