- International Swimming Federation
Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) is the International Federation (IF) recognized by the
International Olympic Committee(IOC) for administering international competition in the aquatic sports (its name translated from French is "International Swimming Federation"). It is one of several IFs which administers a given sport/discipline for the IOC and/or international community. It is based in Lausanne, Switzerland.
FINA currently oversees competition in five aquatic sports: swimming,
diving, synchronized swimming, water poloand open water swimming. The current President of FINA is Mustapha Larfaouiof Algeria.
FINA was founded on
July 19 1908in the Manchester Hotelin Londonat the end of the 1908 Summer Olympicsby the Belgian, British, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Hungarian and Swedish Swimming Federations. [The [http://www.fina.org/project/index.php?option=com_content&task=blogcategory&id=40&Itemid=118 National Federation page] on the FINA website.]
Number of national federations by year:
List of presidents
FINA currently organizes several events in all the disciplines it oversees.
FINA World Championships
The biggest FINA event is the now biennial World Championships, currently held every odd year. It features events in all five aquatic disciplines, and was most recently held in Melbourne, Australia, in March 2007. Prior to 2000, the event was held every 4 years, in the even year between Olympic (Summer) Games.
FINA World Swimming Championships (25m)
The World Swimming Championship (25m), (aka "Short Course Worlds"), is a swimming-only meet, swum in 25-meter long pool. It is held bi-annually, in even-numbered years, and was most recently held in a make-shift pool built in the M.E.N arena, Manchester, United Kingdom in April 2008
Other championship events sponsored by FINA include:
Youth World Swimming Championships(bi-annual, first held in August 2006; 2008 is in Mexico)
*Junior Diving World Championships
Open Water World Championships(annual)
FINA World Masters Championships(bi-annual in even years--last held April 2008 in Perth, AUS)
*Synchronized Swimming Cup
FINA also sponsors several annual series of events, typically one in each discipline. These include:
FINA Swimming World Cup, for 2007, features seven meets.
*Diving Grand Prix (2006 features 8 meets and a Super Final, from February-September)
*Water Polo World League
FINA Water Polo World Cup
*Marathon World Cup (Up through 2006, this was races 10 kilometers and longer. Beginning in 2007, the series was split with the "Open Water Grand Prix" for races over 10km, and the original name going to a series of 10km swims.)
World records in swimming
Ligue Européenne de Natation(the European Swimming League).
USA Swimming(USA's swimming federation).
* [http://www.fina.org/ fina.org - Official FINA website]
* [http://www.olympic.org/uk/organisation/if/index_uk.asp IOC's page on IFs]
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