:"For the figure from the Book of Job, see Eliphaz (Job). For the kibbutz near Eilat, see Elifaz (kibbutz)."

Eliphaz ( _he. אֱלִיפַז/אֱלִיפָז "My God is strength", Standard Hebrew Elifaz, Tiberian Hebrew ʾĔlîp̄az / ʾĔlîp̄āz) was the first-born son of Esau by his wife Adah. He had six sons, one of whom was Amalek, born to his concubine Timna, who was the ancestral enemy of the Israelite people (Exodus 17:16; Deuteronomy 25:19).

The Midrash relates that when Jacob escaped from Esau and fled to his uncle Laban in Haran, Esau sent Eliphaz to pursue and kill Jacob. When they met Jacob implored Eliphaz not to kill him, but Eliphaz challenged that he had his father's instructions to fulfill. Jacob gave everything he had with him to Eliphaz and said, "A poor person is as good as dead." Eliphaz was satisfied and left his uncle naked and penniless, but still alive.Fact|date=January 2008

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  • ELIPHAZ — (Heb. אֱלִיפַז ,אֱלִיפָז; perhaps: God is victorious ; Ar. fwz), the name of two biblical characters. The first is the oldest son of esau and his wife Adah, and the ancestor of several Edomite clans, the most important of which is Teman, since… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ELIPHAZ — fil. Esau ex Ada uxore. Gen. c. 36. v. 4. Lat. Dei nisus vel conatus …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Eliphaz — /el euh faz /, n. 1. a son of Esau and Adah. Gen. 36:2 4. 2. a friend of Job. Job 2:11. * * * …   Universalium

  • Eliphaz —    God his strength.    1) One of Job s three friends who visited him in his affliction (4:1). He was a Temanite , i.e., a native of Teman, in Idumea. He first enters into debate with Job. His language is uniformly more delicate and gentle than… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Eliphaz — (fl. 19th 16th cent BCE)    Israelite, the eldest son of Esau and his wife Adah (Genesis 36:2 4) …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Eliphaz — n. (Biblical) son of Esau and father of Amalek; friend and comforter of Job …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Eliphaz — /el euh faz /, n. 1. a son of Esau and Adah. Gen. 36:2 4. 2. a friend of Job. Job 2:11 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Eliphaz (Job) — Eliphaz was one of Job s friends, probably a descendant of Eliphaz, son of Esau (Job 4:1). He appears in the Book of Job in the Hebrew Bible.Eliphaz appears mild and modest; in his first reply to Job s complaints, he argues that those who are… …   Wikipedia

  • Eliphaz The Temanite — ▪ biblical figure       in the Old Testament Book of Job (chapters 4, 5, 15, 22), one of three friends who sought to console Job, who is a biblical archetype of unmerited suffering. The word Temanite probably indicates that he was an Edomite, or… …   Universalium

  • Eliphaz the Temanite — (fl. 19th 16th cent BCE)    One of the three friends of Job …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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