- Carlisle Floyd
Carlisle Floyd (born
June 11, 1926, in Latta, South Carolina) is an American opera composer. The son of a Methodist minister, he based many of his works on themes from the South. His best known opera, " Susannah" (1955), is based a story in the so-called Apocrypha, transferred to contemporary, rural Tennessee, and is set in a Southern dialect.
In 1943, Floyd entered
Converse College, in Spartanburg, South Carolina, and studied pianounder Ernst Bacon. When Bacon accepted a position at Syracuse University, in New York, Floyd followed him there, where he received a Bachelor of Music in 1946. The following year, Floyd became part of the piano faculty at Florida State University, in Tallahassee. He was to remain there for thirty years, eventually becoming Professor of Composition. He received a master's degree at Syracuse, in 1949.
While at Florida State, Floyd gradually became interested in composition. His first opera was "Slow Dusk", to his own libretto (as was to remain his custom), and was produced at Syracuse in 1949. His next opera, "The Fugitives", was seen at Tallahassee in 1951, but was then withdrawn.
His third opera was to be Floyd's greatest success: "
Susannah". It was first heard at Florida State, in February 1955, with Phyllis Curtinin the title role, and Mack Harrell as the Reverend Olin Blitch. The following year, the opera was given at the New York City Opera, with Curtin and Norman Treigle(in his first great success) as Blitch, with Erich Leinsdorfconducting. After receiving much acclaim, a City Opera production (directed by Frank Corsaro) was taken to the 1958 World's Fair in Brussels, with Curtin, Treigle and Richard Cassilly.
Later in 1958, Floyd's setting of "Wuthering Heights" (after
Emily Brontë) was premiered at the Santa Fe Opera, with Curtin as the heroine. In 1960, at Syracuse, his "solo cantata on biblical texts," "Pilgrimage", was first heard with Treigle as soloist. "The Passion of Jonathan Wade" was first seen at the City Opera, in 1962. Set in South Carolina during Reconstruction, the piece had Theodor Uppman, Curtin, Treigle and Harry Theyardin the large cast; Julius Rudelconducted.
Floyd's next opera was "The Sojourner and Mollie Sinclair", which was a comedy regarding the Scottish settlers of the Carolinas.
Patricia Newayand Treigle created the title roles, with Rudel conducting. The composer's "Markheim" (after Robert Lewis Stevenson) was first shown at the New Orleans OperaAssociation in 1966, with Treigle (to whom it was dedicated) and Audrey Schuhheading the cast. Floyd himself served as stage director.
"Of Mice and Men" (after
John Steinbeck), following a long gestation, was heard at the Seattle Operain 1970, in a staging by Corsaro. A monodrama on the royal subject of Eleanor of Aquitaine, "Flower and Hawk", was premiered in Jacksonville, Florida, with Curtin directed by Corsaro. (The production was then seen at Carnegie Hall.)
"Bilby's Doll" (after
Esther Forbes) was first mounted at the Houston Grand Operain 1976, with Christopher Keeneconducting and David Pountneyproducing. In 1976, Floyd co-founded, with David Gockley, the Houston Opera Studio, a training program administered by the Houston Grand Opera for outstanding young professional singers and repertory coaches. Between 1976 and 1996, he held the M.D. Anderson Professorship at the University of Houston School of Music.
In Houston, "
Willie Stark" (after Robert Penn Warren) was also first heard, in 1981, in staging by Harold Prince. After an hiatus of almost twenty years, Floyd's latest opera was premiered in Houston: "Cold Sassy Tree" (after Olive Ann Burns), in 2000. Patrick Summers conducted, Bruce Beresforddirected, and Patricia Racetteled the cast.
Slow Dusk" (1949)
*"Wuthering Heights" (1958)
The Passion of Jonathan Wade" (1962)
The Sojourner and Mollie Sinclair" (1963)
*"Of Mice and Men" (1970)
Flower and Hawk" (1972)
Bilby's Doll" (1976)
Willie Stark" (1981)
*"Cold Sassy Tree" (2000)
Awards and nominations
*1957 Citation of Merit from the
National Association of American Conductors and Composers
*1959 Ten Outstanding Young Men of the Nation Award from the
U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce
Distinguished Professorof Florida State UniversityAward
*1972 Resolution of Appreciation by the
State of FloridaLegislature
*1983 Honory Doctorate from
*1983 National Opera Institute's Award for Service to American Opera - the highest honor the institute bestows
*2001 Inducted into the
American Academy of Arts and Letters
National Medal of Artsfrom the White House[cite web|url=http://www.boosey.com/pages/cr/composer/composer_main.asp?composerid=2810&ttype=BIOGRAPHY&ttitle=Biography |title=Carlisle Floyd Biography|publisher=Boosey & Hawkes, Inc.|accessdate=2008-08-13]
* "Susannah" (Studer, Hadley, Ramey; Nagano, 1993-94) Virgin Classics
* "Susannah" (Curtin, Cassilly, Treigle; Andersson, 1962) [live] VAI
* "Pilgrimage": excerpts (Treigle; Torkanowsky, 1971) Orion
* "The Sojourner and Mollie Sinclair" (Neway, Treigle; Rudel, 1963) VAI
* "Markheim" (Schuh, Treigle; Andersson, 1966) [live] VAI
* "Of Mice and Men" (Futral, Griffey, Hawkins; Summers, 2002) [live] Albany Records
* "Cold Sassy Tree" (Racette; Summers, 2000) [live] Albany Records
* "Willie Stark" (Jesse, Drake, Holcomb: 2007) [live] LSU Opera DVD
* "Susannah": Revival Scene (Treigle; Yestadt, Treigle, 1958) [live] Bel Canto Society
* "Carlisle Floyd's Operatic Southland," liner notes by Brian Morgan, "The Sojourner and Mollie Sinclair", VAI, 1999.
* [http://www.usoperaweb.com/2002/september/floyd.htm Operas we would like to see again]
* [http://www.uh.edu/collegium/collegiumxtra/ Opera's southern gentleman]
* [http://www.boosey.com/pages/cr/composer/composer_main.asp?composerid=2810&ttype=SNAPSHOT&ttitle=Snapshot Carlisle Floyd @ Boosey & Hawkes]
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Carlisle Floyd — (* 11. Juni 1926 in Latta, South Carolina) ist ein US amerikanischer Komponist. Er wurde vor allem durch seine moderne Oper Susannah bekannt, die heute nach George Gershwins Porgy and Bess das in den USA am zweithäufigsten aufgeführte Musikdrama… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Carlisle Floyd — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Floyd. Carlisle Floyd (né le 11 juin 1926 à Latta, Caroline du Sud) est un compositeur américain d opéras. La plupart de ses œuvres sont basées sur des thèmes du Sud. Son opéra le plus joué, Susannah… … Wikipédia en Français
Floyd — is either variant spelling of the Scottish name Flood or the Welsh name Lloyd which means grey , and may refer to:Places in the United States* Floyd, Arkansas * Floyd, Iowa, community in Floyd County * Floyd, New Mexico, community in Roosevelt… … Wikipedia
Floyd (Name) — Floyd ist ein Vorname und Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familienname … Deutsch Wikipedia
Floyd — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Floyd peut désigner : Sommaire 1 Patronyme 1.1 Noms composés … Wikipédia en Français
Floyd — /floyd/, n. 1. Carlisle (Sessions, Jr.), born 1926, U.S. composer, esp. of operas. 2. a male given name, form of Lloyd. * * * … Universalium
Carlisle County — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Kentucky Verwaltungssitz: Bardwell Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse P.O. Box 176 Bardwell, KY 42023 0279 Gründung: 3. April 1886 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Floyd County (Kentucky) — Verwaltung US Bundesstaat: Kentucky Verwaltungssitz: Prestonsburg Adresse des Verwaltungssitzes: County Courthouse P.O. Box 1089 Prestonsburg, KY 41653 5089 Gründung: 13. Dezember 1799 … Deutsch Wikipedia
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John Floyd — (* 24. April 1783 in der Nähe des heutigen Louisville, Jefferson County, Kentucky; † 16. August 1837 bei Sweet Springs, Virginia) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1830 bis 1834 … Deutsch Wikipedia