- Abbots Bromley
infobox UK place
country = England
official_name= Abbots Bromley
region= West Midlands
Abbots Bromley is a
villagein Staffordshire, England. It is famous for the annual Abbots Bromley Horn Dance. It is also the home of one of the Woodard Schools, Abbots Bromley School for Girls(formerly known as the School of S. Mary and S. Anne). The parish includes Bagot's Woodthe largest remaining part of the Needwood Forestand Blithfield Reservoir. Phil Drabble's Goats Lodge nature reserve is there.
The first historical record of the village dates from 942, when the manor of "Bromleige" was given to Wulfsige the Black. The will, dated 1002, of
WulfricSpot, Earl of Mercia, gave the village to the Abbey of Burton upon Trent. There is some evidence that the current settlement was a planned town - there is evidence of burgess plots, a grid pattern of streets and a wide market place. Abbas Bromley is recorded in the " Domesday Book" of 1086-7 as "Brunlege", when it was part of the land of St Mary of Burton. [cite book| last =Williams | first =Ann | authorlink = | coauthors =G H Martin | title =Domesday Book: A Complete Translation | publisher = Penguin| date = | location =London | pages =pp. 676; 1303 | url = | doi = | id = | isbn =9780141439945 ]
In 1227, a weekly market was confirmed by Royal Charter at the site of the Butter Cross (recorded in 1339, the present structure said by
Pevsnerto date from the 17th Century), which survives to the present. The current, triangular market place is now grassed over and serves as a village greenand the focus for events on Horn Dance Day.
The village remained affiliated to the Abbey till the
Dissolution of the Monasteriesin 1545. Henry VIII gave Bromley Abbatis to Sir William Paget, Clerk of the Signet and Privy Councillor. The village was known as Paget's Bromley for several centuries, (distinguishing it from the part of the parish in the hands of the Bagot family, still known as Bagot's Bromley) but eventually the influence of the Paget family declined, and the name reverted to Abbots Bromley.
Despite being an agricultural centre on account of its market and fairs, Abbots Bromley enjoyed some industrial success - in the 16th century it was a major centre for
glass manufacture[Citation | last = Crossley | first = DW | title = The Performance of the Glass Industry in Sixteenth Century England | journal = Economic History Review | volume = 25 | issue = 3 | pages = 421-433 | date = 08 | year = 1972 | url = http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0013-0117%28197208%292%3A25%3A3%3C421%3ATPOTGI%3E2.0.CO%3B2-Z] . In 1606 it gained a grammar school, now Richard Clarke First Schoolfounded by a bequest from local citizen Richard Clarke who had achieved success in London.
The church spire, destroyed by lightning strike, was rebuilt in a classical style in 1685.
Despite nineteenth century efforts to connect the town to the expanding railway network (the
North Staffordshire Railwayreceived an act of parliament to build a branch line from Stowe-by-Chartleywhich was never taken advantage of). Abbots Bromley remained comparatively isolated and in decline, losing its market, fairs and economic status.
By the 1950s the village faced economic decay and an ageing population. It was also comparatively late in receiving mains electricity and gas services. More recently it has become a
dormitory settlementfor surrounding urban areas such as the West Midlands conurbationand Derby. There has been some new development as well as the restoration of historic buildings, with a Millennium Hall perhaps the most noted recent example.
The village has a large number of listed buildings, and its historic core has
conservation areastatus, reflecting its pre-industrial townscape. Of these, the half timbered Church House, The Goats Head Inn (claimed to be the original town hall) and the Schoolhouse (Richard Clarke's 1606 Grammar School) are some of the most noteworthy.
Abbotts Bromley has a village cricket club ( [http://www.abbotsbromley.com/clubs/cricket| ABCC] ) that has 1st XI 2nd XI and an U15's XI.
* [http://www.abbotsbromley.com Abbots Bromley web site]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Abbots Bromley — Parroquia civil y pueblo del Reino Unido … Wikipedia Español
Abbots Bromley School for Girls — Infobox UK school name = Abbots Bromley School for Girls size = latitude = longitude = dms = motto = That Our Daughters May Be as the Polished Corners of the Temple motto pl = established = 1874 approx = closed = c approx = type = Independent,… … Wikipedia
Abbots Bromley Horn Dance — The Abbots Bromley Horn Dance is an English folk dance involving antlers that takes place each year in Abbots Bromley, a small village in Staffordshire, England.OriginsThere are no recorded references to the dance prior to Robert Plot s Natural… … Wikipedia
Abbots Bromley Horn Dance — A unique *calendar custom which takes place in Abbots Bromley, Staffordshire, on the Monday following the first Sunday after 4 September, the day of the village *wakes. The team is made up of six dancers, each carrying a pair of antler horns,… … A Dictionary of English folklore
Phil Drabble — Philip Percy Cooper Drabble OBE (13 May 1914 ndash; 29 July 2007) was an English countryman, author and television presenter. Raised in the Black Country, he later lived in and wrote mostly about the countryside of north Worcestershire and at… … Wikipedia
Hobby horse — This article is about costumed characters that appear in various customs, processions and ceremonies. For other uses, see Hobby horse (disambiguation) The term hobby horse is used, principally by folklorists, to refer to the costumed characters… … Wikipedia
Lady Olga Maitland — Lady Helen Olga Hay (born 23 May 1944), better known as Lady Olga Maitland, is a former British Conservative politician. Contents 1 Family and education 2 Career 3 Politics 4 Marriage … Wikipedia
Edward Clarke Lowe — (15 December 1823 March 30 1912) was an English educator and a key participant in the foundation and development of the Woodard Schools. Early Life and EducationLowe was born at Everton in 1823, the youngest son of Samuel Lowe an attorney and his … Wikipedia
Sidney Pugh — Sidney Pugh Spielerinformationen Voller Name Sidney James Pugh Geburtstag 10. Oktober 1919 Geburtsort Welling, England Sterbedatum … Deutsch Wikipedia
Blithfield Hall — (pronounced locally as Bliffield), is a privately owned Grade I listed country house in Staffordshire, England, situated some 9 miles east of Stafford, 7 miles southwest of Uttoxeter and 5 miles north of Rugeley.The Hall, with its embattled… … Wikipedia