Thinis is the mythological city from where Egypt, according to Manetho's chronological list, were united by the Thinnite Confederacy. It is said to have happened during the reign of the Pharaoh Menes. It is believed that the ancient city of Thinis, or as it is called in the Egyptian language, Tjeny, is located near to Girga. It is also said that the first Pharaohs of Egypt were buried in Thinis, and an ancient necropolis [] Beit Qallaf from the Third Dynasty is located nearby.Thinis has never been found, and it does only strengthen the city's legendary reputation.

Girga ( _ar. جرجا) is a city in the Upper Egyptian Sohag Governorate. It is located on the west bank of the Nile River.

Modern Girga has an estimated (1986) population of 71,564, and has various industries including sugar manufacturing. The area is also known for its pottery. To learn more about Egyptian Art and pottery read Art of Ancient Egypt [] ,

To see a sample of a stele [] marble relief ranging between the 10 BCE and 138 CE visit: [] Brown Usepigraphy.

Girga's name is said to have derived its from Mara Girgis Coptic Monastery Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria [] is dedicated to St. George [] . Girga is the seat for the Coptic Bishop. Reportedly, the oldest Roman Catholic monastery is located in Girga. The El-Sini (Porcelain Mosque) is located in Girgia.

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