- Environmental planning
Environmental planning is a field of study that since the 1970s has been sconcerned with a given society's collective stewardship over its resources that ultimately includes those of the entire planet. [p.1, Selman] The aims of environmental planning are to integrate the
public sector urban planningwith the concerns of environmentalismto ensure sustainable development, notably of air, water, soil and rock resources. [p.1, Selman] Planning seeks to include into consideration for future growth of society factors other than those urban planners have traditionally factored in economic development, such as transportation, sanitation, and other services in legislator decisions, by working with environmental planners to add sustainable (social, ecological & economic) outcomes as important factors in the decision-making process.
Elements of environmental planning
What exactly constitutes the "environment", however, is somewhat open to debate among these practitioners, as is the exact scope of the intended environmental benefits. Chief concerns among environmental planners include the encouragement of
sustainable development, green buildingtechnologies, and the preservation of environmentally sensitive areas.
The primary concern of environmental planning is expressed in the assessment of three spheres of
environmental impactby human economic activityand technological output[p.2, Selman] :
The environmental planning assessments encompass areas such as
land use, socio-economics, transportation, economic and housingcharacteristics, air pollution, noise pollution, the wetlands, habitat of the endangered species, flood zones susceptibility, coastal zones erosion, and visual studies among others, and is referred to as an Integrated environmental planning assessment. [p.160, Petts]
An objective view of the environmental planning process is often framed in perspectives offered by the integration of assessments of the natural resources, the environment as a system, the scientific perspective, and the social scientific perspective. [p.21, Selman]
As with other forms of
planning, the processes in environmental planning include distinct facets of organisational activity such as [for example Environmental planning and assessment act 1979, NSW, Australia] :
*Legislative planning framework
*Administrative planning framework
*Environmental resource management planning
*Landscape ecological planning
*Ecological urban planning
*Environmental planning information dissemination
*Decision making in environmental planning
Environmental planning in the United States
In the United States, for any project, environmental planners deal with a full range of environmental regulations from federal to state and city levels, administered federally by the
Environmental Protection Agency. [p.1, Environmental planning for communities] A rigorous environmental process has to be undertaken to examine the impacts and possible mitigation of any construction project. Depending on the scale and impact of the project, an extensive environmental review is known as an Environmental Impact Statement(EIS), and the less extensive version is Environmental Assessment(EA). Procedures follow guidelines from National Environmental Policy Act(NEPA), State Environmental Quality Review Act(SEQRA) and/or City Environmental Quality Review(CEQR), and other related federal or state agencies published regulations.
Association of Environmental Professionals(AEP) is a non-profit organization of interdisciplinary professionals including environmental science, resource management, environmental planning and other professions contributing to this field. AEP is the first organization of its kind in the USA, and its influence and model have spawned numerous other regional organizations throughout the United States. Its mission is to improve the technical skills of members, and the organization is dedicated to "the enhancement, maintenance and protection of the natural and human environment". From inception in the mid 1970s the organization has been closely linked with the maintenance of the California Environmental Quality Act(CEQA), due to California being one of the first states to adopt a comprehensive legal framework to govern the environmental review of public policy and project review.
Environmental Planning Qualifications
Environmental planning qualifications are offered in a number of forms by various universities throughout the world.
The following are some of the qualifications offered by tertiary education institutions:
Bachelor of Resource and Environmental Planning
Bachelor of Environmental Studies
Bachelor of Planning and Environmental Policy
Master in Environmental Planning
* Air quality
* Environmental noise
The Merton Rule
Triad (environmental science)
Timeline of environmental events
List of environmental issues
List of environmental organizationsCities
Curitiba- a Brazilian city noted for its innovative public transit system and environmental planning.
* New York City - considered by many to be the most sustainable U.S. city with a population greater than one million because of its high population density and usage of mass transit.
* Reykjavík - the capital of Iceland known for its use of geothermal power.
Citations and notes
* Selman, Paul H., "Environmental planning: The Conservation and Development of Biophysical Resources", SAGE, 2000
* "Environmental planning for communities: a guide to the environmental visioning process utilizing a geographic information system (GIS)", United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, DIANE Publishing, Cincinnati, Ohio, 2000
* Environmental planning and assessment act 1979, NSW, Australia (An Act to institute a system of environmental planning and assessment for the State of New South Wales.), Parliament of NSW, [http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/epaaa1979389/]
* Petts, Judith, "Handbook of environmental impact assessment, Volume 2", Blackwell Publishing, 1999
* [http://www.califaep.org Association of Environmental Professionals]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
environmental planning — aplinkos apsaugos planavimas statusas Aprobuotas sritis karo inžinerija apibrėžtis Galimo karinių veiksmų neigiamo poveikio aplinkai numatymas siekiant pasirengti (pvz., nustatyti atsakomybę, procedūras), numatyti priemones (pvz., technines… … Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)
environmental planning factor — aplinkos apsaugos planavimo veiksnys statusas Aprobuotas sritis karo inžinerija apibrėžtis Aplinkos apsaugos duomenys, į kuriuos atsižvelgiama priimant sprendimus dėl karinių veiksmų planavimo ir vykdymo. atitikmenys: angl. environmental planning … Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)
Bachelor of Resource and Environmental Planning — The Bachelor of Resource and Environmental Planning is a professional degree that seeks to integrate the disciplines of Urban planning, Environmental planning and Natural resource management. It is similar to the Bachelor of Environmental Studies … Wikipedia
Center for Environmental Planning and Technology — Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT) is an academic institution offering undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorate programmes in areas of the built environment and related disciplines. It has recently (in 2008) started a post… … Wikipedia
Centre For Environmental Planning And Technology — Le Centre for Environmental Planning Technology dont l abréviation est C.E.P.T. , est une école d architecture d état renommée située à Ahmedabad, fondée et dessinée en 1972 par Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi. Liens externes Site de l école … Wikipédia en Français
Centre for environmental planning and technology — Le Centre for Environmental Planning Technology dont l abréviation est C.E.P.T. , est une école d architecture d état renommée située à Ahmedabad, fondée et dessinée en 1972 par Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi. Liens externes Site de l école … Wikipédia en Français
Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology — Le Centre for Environmental Planning Technology dont l abréviation est C.E.P.T., est une école d architecture d état renommée située à Ahmedabad, fondée et dessinée en 1972 par Balkrishna Vithaldas Doshi. Liens externes Site de l école Portail de … Wikipédia en Français
Environmental design and planning — is the moniker used by several Ph.D. programs that take a multidisciplinary approach to the built environment. Typically environmental design and planning programs address architectural history or design (interior or exterior), city or regional… … Wikipedia
Environmental design — is the process of addressing environmental parameters when devising plans, programs, policies, buildings, or products. Classical prudent design may have always considered environmental factors; however, the environmental movement beginning in the … Wikipedia
Environmental science — is the study of interactions among physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment. Environmental Science provides an integrated, quantitative, and interdisciplinary approach to the study of environmental systems. [… … Wikipedia