Neston


Neston

Coordinates: 53°17′20″N 3°04′26″W / 53.289°N 3.074°W / 53.289; -3.074

Neston
Neston Town Centre - geograph.org.uk - 180564.jpg
Neston
Neston is located in Cheshire
Neston

 Neston shown within Cheshire
Population 15,162 (2001)
OS grid reference SJ285775
Parish Neston
Unitary authority Cheshire West and Chester
Ceremonial county Cheshire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NESTON
Postcode district CH64
Dialling code 0151
Police Cheshire
Fire Cheshire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Ellesmere Port and Neston
List of places: UK • England • Cheshire

Neston is a small residential town and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester. It is situated on the part of the Wirral Peninsula that remains in the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.[1] Parkgate is located to the north west and the villages of Little Neston and Ness to the south of the town. At the 2001 Census the population of Neston ward was recorded as 3,521.[2] The town and civil parish also includes Little Neston; Parkgate; and Riverside wards; along with part of Burton and Ness ward, and has a population of 15,162.[3][4]

Contents

History

The name is of Viking origin, deriving from the Old Norse Nes-tún, meaning 'farmstead at/near the promontory'.[5] Another Nesttun town can be found near Bergen, Norway. It is also mentioned in the Domesday Book as Nestone under the ownership of a William Fitznigel.[6]

A Royal Charter was granted to Neston in 1728 in support of its status as a market town.[7]

Historically, the current town was known as Great Neston, in order to be distinct from the smaller nearby hamlet of Little Neston. Before the rise of Birkenhead in the 1820s, it was the largest town in the Wirral Hundred. Great Neston included the hamlets of Clayhill, Hinderton, Moorside and part of Parkgate. The population of Great Neston was 1,486 in 1801 and 1,524 in 1851. In 1894, both Great Neston and Little Neston were combined to create Neston-cum-Parkgate and by 1901, the population had risen to 2,201.[8]

Port

Neston was a major port before the River Dee silted up. The port was then shifted further downstream to the nearby town of Parkgate,[9] although by early nineteenth century, most traffic had ultimately transferred to Liverpool.

Mining

Neston is also a former mining town, with a colliery located at the nearby hamlet of Denhall. Opened in 1760 by Sir John Stanley, the coal mine consisted of numerous shafts, some of which were dug out underneath the river. Due to the silting up of the River Dee, coal shipments to Ireland and North Wales ended. Alternative custom was secured from the railways, brought about by the building of a link to the recently constructed Chester & Birkenhead Railway's branch to Parkgate.[10]

The Wirral Colliery at Neston was taken over by the British government during the First World War. The pit subsequently returned to private ownership after the war, but increasing competition from larger mines precipitated in its closure in 1928.[10]

Transport

Neston railway station

Neston railway station is situated on the Borderlands Line, providing direct services southbound to Wrexham, Flintshire and northbound to Bidston in Birkenhead, with connecting services to the Merseyrail network.[9] Recently, Merseytravel have been investigating the possibility of linking up the Bidston - Wrexham line to the electrified Merseyrail system.[11]

Neston also benefits from bus services to:

Community

One of the main local attractions is Ness Botanic Gardens, opened in 1898 and administered by the University of Liverpool.[12]

On the first Thursday of June, Neston annually celebrates Ladies Day. This is a unique marching day that has links to the Neston Female Friendly Society during the Napoleonic War.[9]

Neston has a Cricket Club located in Parkgate that plays in the Cheshire County Cricket ECB Premier League.[13] Members of Neston Cricket Club can also play bowls, hockey,[14] squash, racketball and tennis.[15]

The current Mayor is Cllr David Clark.

Demography

As of the 2001 census 99.7% of the population are White British. 0.1% are Black African. 0.1% are Asian or Asian British and 0.1% are Chinese and other.

Religion

Christianity: 67.2% Non Specified: 29.6% Muslim: 0.4% Jewish: 1.3% Buddhism: 1.0% Sikh: 0.2% Other: 0.3%

Neston Market Town Initiative

Recently, Neston has undergone an assessment to attract more income and tourists, in the form of the Neston Market Town Initiative (NMTI).[16] The project also included the launch of a new town website. The NMTI involved improving the 'look' of the town centre (which included new shop fronts) and controversial plans regarding a new supermarket[17] on the site of Brook Street car park. Work for the new supermarket began in March 2009 with a full archaeological dig being carried out on the car park site before construction work began. Work to excavate the site began in August 2009, a total of 28,000 cubic meters of earth was removed to allow for the construction of a multi story car park. The new Sainsbury's store was opened on 1st December 2010.

On 31 March 2008 the Market Town Initiative project was officially completed. The community regeneration work will be continued by a new local community association, ch64inc, and by the establishment of a Town Council in 2009.[16]

See also

References

  1. ^ Neston website, The Neston Market Town Initiative, http://www.neston.org.uk/, retrieved 26 July 2007 
  2. ^ 2001 Census: Neston, Office for National Statistics, http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=3&b=5948066&c=neston&d=14&e=16&g=428542&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&enc=1, retrieved 26 July 2007 
  3. ^ Ordnance Survey : Election Maps : Cheshire West and Chester Retrieved 2009-12-09
  4. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Boundary Viewer : Wards 2003 : Neston Retrieved 2009-12-09
  5. ^ Sulley, Philip (1889), The Hundred Of Wirral 
  6. ^ Cheshire L-Z, Domesday Book Online, http://www.domesdaybook.co.uk/cheshire2.html#neston, retrieved 4 January 2008 
  7. ^ Neston website: History, The Neston Market Town Initiative, http://www.neston.org.uk/History/neston_history.htm, retrieved 4 January 2008 
  8. ^ Cheshire Towns & Parishes: Great Neston, GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy, http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/chs/neston.html, retrieved 26 July 2007 
  9. ^ a b c Wirral 360: Neston, www.wirralwebsite.co.uk, http://www.wirralwebsite.co.uk/Wirral360/Virtual%20Neston.htm, retrieved 26 July 2007 
  10. ^ a b Young, Derek and Marian, Pictures From The Past: Book 3 
  11. ^ Merseytravel bosses pledge a further £600k to investigate electrification of rail line on Wrexham-Wirral-Liverpool route, Liverpool Daily Post, 6 March 2008, http://www.liverpooldailypost.co.uk/liverpool-news/regional-news/2008/03/06/merseytravel-bosses-pledge-a-further-600k-to-investigate-electrification-of-rail-line-on-wrexham-wirral-liverpool-route-64375-20565344/, retrieved 28 March 2008 
  12. ^ Ness Botanic Gardens, University of Liverpool, http://www.liv.ac.uk/nessgardens/about/history.htm, retrieved 26 July 2007 
  13. ^ Neston Cricket Club, http://nestoncricket.co.uk/default.aspx, retrieved 31 May 2009 
  14. ^ Neston South Wirral Hockey Club, Neston Cricket Club, http://www.nswhc.co.uk/, retrieved 26 July 2007 
  15. ^ Tennis section, Neston Cricket Club, http://www.nestontennis.co.uk, retrieved 16 October 2007 
  16. ^ a b Neston Market Town Initiative, Ellesmere Port & Neston Borough Council, http://www.epnbc.gov.uk/planning/ppp/PlanningservicesNestonMarketTownInitiative.htm, retrieved 28 March 2008 
  17. ^ Planning Application for Neston Supermarket and Town Square, Ellesmere Port & Neston Borough Council, http://www.epnbc.gov.uk/planning/developmentcontrol/nestonsupermarket.htm, retrieved 28 March 2008 

External links


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