Woodside, Merseyside


Woodside, Merseyside

infobox UK place
country= England
official_name= Woodside
latitude= 53.3932
longitude= -3.0145
population=
metropolitan_borough= Wirral
metropolitan_county= Merseyside
region= North West England
constituency_westminster= Birkenhead
post_town= BIRKENHEAD
postcode_district= CH41
postcode_area= CH
dial_code= 0151
os_grid_reference= SJ324890
map_type= Merseyside
static_

static_image_caption= "Royal Iris of the Mersey" departing Woodside Ferry in 2006
Woodside is a small riverside locality in Birkenhead, on the Wirral Peninsula, Merseyside, England, situated almost opposite Liverpool Pier Head across the River Mersey.

History

The monks of Birkenhead Priory had been granted a charter establishing ferry rights to Liverpool, which was confirmed by Edward III in about 1330.cite news|title=Mersey Ferries - Volume 1|first=TB|last=Maund|publisher=Transport Publishing Co. Ltd.|date=1991] These rights reverted to the Crown in 1536,citeweb|url=http://www.mersey-gateway.org/yesterdays/server.php?show=ConNarrative.31&chapterId=154|title=Ferries across the Mersey|work=merseygateway.org|accessdate=1 November|accessyear=2007] upon the Dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII.

There followed a period of private ownership by local landowners of the numerous ferry services on the Wirral bank of the River Mersey, including at Woodside. By the 18th century, an increase in stage coach traffic from Chester spurred the growth of the transportation of passengers and goods across the river. With the rapid development of Birkenhead from the 1820s, facilities at Woodside would eventually need expanding. By 1842, the ferry service had been taken over by the Birkenhead Commissioners.A stone pier with two slipways and a small lighthouse at the pier head were constructed.citeweb|url=http://www.bri2e.co.uk/places/woodside/intro.htm|title=Woodside Memories: Introduction|work=Brian Tuohy|accessdate=1 November|accessyear=2007] There followed another period of major rebuilding, which included land reclamation up to the end of the pier. Construction of a floating landing stage in 1861 allowed for combined usage by the ferries and the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board. Improvements were made to the ferry's fleet at Woodside in 1890, with the replacement of paddle steamers for twin screw steamers.

A dedicated luggage boat service, which ferried goods and vehicles across the river, had begun by 1879. The opening of the Birkenhead to Liverpool Queensway road tunnel on 18 July 1934 hastened the demise of Woodside's luggage boats, the service ending on 21 July 1941.

On 29 August 1860, Europe's first tramway was established, running from Woodside to Birkenhead Park. The idea of flamboyant American George Francis Train, the tramway was initially horse drawn. Electrified in 1901, tram services were discontinued in Birkenhead on 17 July 1937.cite news|title=Birkenhead - An Illustrated History|first=Ralph T|last=Brocklebank|publisher=Breedon Books|date=2003] [citeweb|url=http://www.wirral.gov.uk/LGCL/100009/200070/1017/content_0000522.html|title=Birkenhead Tramway|work=Metropolitan Borough of Wirral|accessdate=15 September|accesyear=2007] A preserved Edwardian era tram is on display in the Woodside Ferry booking hall.

Originally built by the Great Western Railway in the 1870s, Birkenhead Woodside railway station was a mainline terminus, with services direct to London Paddington. The station closed on 5 November 1967 and was demolished within a couple of years.

Transport

Woodside is one of two Wirral terminals for the Mersey Ferry to the Pier Head in Liverpool. This terminal underwent a program of extensive refurbishment in 1985. When reopened on 13 March 1986, the restoration of the historic booking hall had been completed and the large, dilapidated Victorian landing stage replaced with the current facility.

With the closure of Woodside railway station in 1967, and the construction of the new Birkenhead Bus Station in the late 1990s, the importance of Woodside as a major transport hub has declined. Although, numerous local bus services still use the terminus and seasonal tram services are occasionally run between the site and nearby Wirral Transport Museum.

The nearest railway station to Woodside is Hamilton Square station on Merseyrail's Wirral Line. Services run to Liverpool, Chester, Ellesmere Port, New Brighton and West Kirby.

Historic buildings and structures

Mersey Ferries Booking Hall

A wooden construction on brick foundations, the 1864 booking hall is a listed building. It remained virtually unaltered until it was extensively refurbished from 1985 in the existing style, with many of the original timbers being replaced. The formerly adjoining terminal building behind, of a similar construction, was demolished and replaced, due to poor condition. The passenger bridge and landing stage, which featured in the 1981 film "Chariots of Fire", [citeweb|url=http://www.wheredidtheyfilmthat.co.uk/film.php?film_id=60|title=Chariots of Fire|work=Where Did They Film That?|accessdate=2 July|accessyear=2007] were also replaced at the same time.

The building houses a cafeteria, shop, tourist information centre, transport memorabilia and a bookings office for the Mersey Ferries.

Woodside Hotel

Built in about 1834 to replace an earlier establishment of the same name, Woodside Hotel was a busy coaching house and originally had stabling for 100 horses.cite news|title=Birkenhead... Of Yesteryear|first=Carol E|last=Bidston|publisher=Metropolitan Borough of Wirral|date=1985] Until the land reclamation works of the mid 19th century, the hotel was situated on the riverbank.

The hotel was extended in 1963 with a new lounge 'Gough's Landing', named after a 19th century licensee.cite news|title=Yesterday's Wirral (No.2)|first=Ian & Marilyn|last=Boumphrey|date=1981]

The historic building was extensively damaged in two fires on 4 June and 13 August 2008, having been unoccupied for some time. [citeweb|url=http://www.wirralnews.co.uk/wirral-news/local-wirral-news/bromborough-bebington-news/2008/08/20/second-fire-rips-through-birkenhead-s-woodside-hotel-80491-21565223/ |title=Second fire rips through Birkenhead’s Woodside Hotel|work=Wirral News|accessdate=8 September|accessyear=2008]

hore Road Pumping Station

Located opposite the Woodside Hotel, the Shore Road Pumping Station is now part of Wirral Museum. Built in the 1870s, the 'Giant Grasshopper' engine is a working example of a large steam pump, which was used to clear water from the Mersey Railway Tunnel. [citeweb|url=http://www.wirral.gov.uk/LGCL/100009/200070/1017/content_0000525.html|title=Shore Road Pumping Station|work=Metropolitan Borough of Wirral|accessdate=15 September|accessyear=2007]

Resurgam

A replica of the Birkenhead built, pioneering submarine "Resurgam", was put on display in 1997 at Woodside. It is positioned near to the ferry terminal, on part of the site of the former floating roadway that once connected to the ferry landing stage. [citeweb|url=http://www.irishseashipping.co.uk/archives/news/1997/MS0397.html|title=Mersey Shipping News|work=Irish Sea Shipping|date=16 March 1997|accessdate=12 October|accessyear=2007]

U-534

On 27 June 2007, the Merseytravel transit authority announced that it had acquired the German U-Boat "U-534" to display at the Woodside Ferry Terminal. [citeweb|url=http://www.liverpooldailypost.co.uk/liverpool-news/regional-news/tm_method=full&objectid=19361329&siteid=50061-name_page.html|title=Woodside Ferry to be new home for rescued U-boat|work=Liverpool Daily Post|date=July 2007|accessdate=25 September|accessyear=2007] The submarine was part of the collection of the Warship Preservation Trust at Birkenhead Docks, which closed on 5 February 2006. For technical reasons and to facilitate economical transportation to its new site, the vessel was cut into four sections. It will be displayed in this form to allow visitors better access and visibility. [citeweb|url=http://www.merseyferries.co.uk/u534/index.aspx|title=About U-534|work=Mersey Ferries|accessdate=9 June|accessyear=2008] Beginning on 10 March 2008, the sections were transported by floating crane over a number of days. The modified attraction and visitor centre is expected to open at the end of September 2008. [citeweb|url=http://www.merseyferries.co.uk/u534/news.aspx|title=U-534 Latest News|work=Mersey Ferries|accessdate=9 June|accessyear=2008]

ee also

* Birkenhead buses

References

External links

* [http://www.merseyferries.co.uk Official Mersey Ferries website]
* [http://www.mersey-gateway.org/yesterdays/server.php?show=ConNarrative.31&chapterId=154 Brief history of Woodside ferry service]
* [http://www.wirraltransportmuseum.org Wirral Transport Museum website]
* [http://www.bri2e.co.uk/places/woodside/index.htm Woodside Ferry 1980s Redevelopment gallery & article]


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