- Star Ferry
The "Star" Ferry Company Ltd. Type Ferry services across Victoria Harbour Founded 1888 Founder(s) Dorabjee Naorojee Mithaiwala Headquarters Hong Kong Revenue HK$72m (2006) Website starferry.com.hk Star Ferry The ship Meridian Star Traditional Chinese 天星小輪 Transcriptions Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin Tiānxīng Xiǎolún Cantonese (Yue) - Jyutping tin1 sing1 siu2 leon4 - IPA [tʰíːn ɕɪ́ŋ ɕǐːu lɵ̭n]
The Star Ferry, or The "Star" Ferry Company, is a passenger ferry service operator in Hong Kong. Its principal routes carry passengers across Victoria Harbour, between Hong Kong Island and Kowloon. It was founded in 1888 as the Kowloon Ferry Company, adopting its present name in 1898.
The fleet of twelve ferries currently operates two routes (four prior to April 1, 2011) across the harbour, carrying over 70,000 passengers a day, or 26 million a year. Even though the harbour is crossed by railway and road tunnels, the Star Ferry continues to provide an inexpensive mode of harbour crossing. The company's main route runs between Central and Tsim Sha Tsui.
Before the steam ferry was created, people would cross the harbour in sampans. In 1870, a man named Grant Smith brought a twin-screw wooden-hulled boat from England and started running it across the harbour at irregular intervals.
In July 1873, an attempt was made to run steam ferries between Hong Kong and Kowloon. This was stopped at the time at the request of the British consul in Canton.
The company was founded by Parsee merchant Dorabjee Naorojee Mithaiwala as the "Kowloon Ferry Company" in 1888. Naorojee bought Smith's boat, and later acquired the steam vessels Morning Star and Evening Star from a Mr Buxoo. It is thought that a regular service to the public was established in the mid-to-late 1870s, after the cession of Kowloon to the British in 1860. The popularity of this means of transport enabled him to increase his fleet to four vessels within 10 years: the Morning Star, Evening Star, Rising Star and Guiding Star. Each boat had a capacity of 100 passengers, and the boats averaged 147 crossings each day. He incorporated the business into the "Star Ferry Co Ltd" in 1898, prior to his retirement to India. The company name was inspired by his love of Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem "Crossing the Bar", of which the first line reads "Sunset and evening star, and one clear call for me!".
A pier constructed on the western end of Salisbury Road opened in 1906, but was destroyed by a typhoon in September 1906. In the early 1950s, construction of the present twin-piered terminal commenced on both sides of Victoria Harbour, designed to handle 55 million passenger trips a year. The structure was completed in 1957, concurrent with the Edinburgh Place Ferry Pier built on the island side.
At the turn of the century, Hong Kong currency and Canton currency were both accepted as legal tender in Hong Kong. In the autumn of 1912, following a devaluation, the Star Ferry caused a controversy by insisting, together with the tramways, that payment had to be made in Hong Kong currency only. Canton coinage would no longer be accepted.
By 1941, the company had six vessels. During the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong, the competing Yaumati Ferry was allowed to continue, while the Japanese commandeered the Star Ferry for their own purposes. The Golden Star and the Meridian Star were used to transport prisoners of war from Sham Shui Po to Kai Tak. In 1943, the Golden Star was bombed and sunk in the Canton River by the Americans, and the Electric Star was sunk in the harbour. After the war, the ferries were recovered and returned to service.
Until the opening of the Cross Harbour Tunnel in 1972, the Star Ferry remained the main means of public transportation between Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon side.
The Star Ferry operates on a franchise from the Government. It was last renewed in March 1998, the year of its centenary.
In 1966, a fare increase of 5 cents (or 25%) of the ferry was a political milestone, as it caused a 27 year-old student to go on hunger strike in protest at the Edinburgh Place terminal. His arrest sparked the 1966 Hong Kong Riots.
On 11 November 2006, the end of an era was marked when the third generation pier in Central, the Edinburgh Place Ferry Pier, ended its mission, along with the big clock tower. The pier was demolished to make way for reclamation, amidst great controversy and important protests.
The Star Ferry operates the following cross-harbour routes (The prices are effective from 1 January 2010):
- Central to Tsim Sha Tsui. For lower deck, it costs HK$2.0 on Mondays to Fridays; HK$2.4 on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays. For upper deck, HK$2.5 on Mondays to Fridays; HK$3.0 on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays
- Wan Chai to Tsim Sha Tsui for HK$2.5 on Mondays to Fridays; HK$3.0 on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays
- Harbour Tour: a tourist cruise, making an indirect, circular route to all the stops, namely Tsim Sha Tsui, Central, Wan Chai, and Hung Hom.
Passengers may use Octopus, or tokens to pay for the ride. Tokens are available in the vending machines at the piers. Coins are also accepted but no change will be provided.
Bicycles (up to 6) are accepted on the lower deck of most routes, for $13.0, but not between 5-6pm. The Tsim Sha Tsui – Central route does not accept cycles, but the Tsim Sha Tsui – Wan Chai route accepts cycles at no extra charge.
- Central to Hung Hom for HK$6.3, terminated effective 1 April 2011.
- Wan Chai to Hung Hom for HK$6.3, terminated effective 1 April 2011.
Charter and hire
The Star Ferry "Golden Star' is available for daily charter, for up to 300 people, having been refurbished for cruises and functions, with tables, larger sightseeing windows, an air-conditioned area, and a public address and music system.
Over the years, the fleet has included:
Star Ferry Fleet Name Year Built Builder Seats Notes Morning Star (曉星號) 1888 English built steamboat app 100 The first "Star" Ferry Night/Evening Star 1888 English built steamboat 100 The second "Star" Ferry Northern Star c. 1900 Sunk 1941 Southern Star c. 1900 Polar Star c. 1901 Rising Star c. 1901 100 Guiding Star c. 1901 100 Electric Star 1933 Diesel boat; Sunk 1941 Golden Star 1933? Diesel boat; sunk in Canton River by American forces 1943 Celestial Star (天星號) 1956 Hong Kong & Whampoa Shipyard 576 currently the oldest vessel in service Meridian Star (午星號) 1958 Hong Kong & Whampoa Shipyard 576 Solar Star (日星號) 1958 Hong Kong & Whampoa Shipyard 576 Northern Star (北星號) 1959 Hong Kong & Whampoa Shipyard 576 Night Star (夜星號) 1963 Hong Kong & Whampoa Shipyard 576 named for original Kowloon Ferry Company's Night Star Day Star (晨星號) 1964 Hong Kong & Whampoa Shipyard 576 Shining Star (輝星號) 1964 Hong Kong & Whampoa Shipyard 576 now used for the Star Ferry Harbour Tour (top sections were opened up); reproduction of 3rd generation ferries c. 1920s Twinkling Star (熒星號) 1964 Hong Kong & Whampoa Shipyard 576 Morning Star (曉星號) 1965 Hong Kong & Whampoa Shipyard 576 named for original Kowloon Ferry Company's Morning Star Silver Star (銀星號) 1965 Hong Kong & Whampoa Shipyard 576 Golden Star (金星號) 1989 Wang Tak Engineering & Shipbuilding Ltd 762 IMO number: 8951384 World Star (世星號) 1989 Wang Tak Engineering & Shipbuilding Ltd 762 Glowing Star (耀星號) Hong Kong Shipyard 288 ex-British Army vessel rented by Star Ferry between 2001 and 2005 Kowloon tug boat
- Star Ferry Pier, Central at Central District
- Star Ferry Pier at Tsim Sha Tsui (1957)
- Wan Chai Pier
- Hung Hom Ferry Pier, service terminated effective 1 April 2011.
Since the Central Star Ferry Pier has been moved from its old pier next to City Hall to the new location outside International Finance Centre, the number of people using the Star Ferry to cross the harbour has fallen drastically, nowadays only tourists and only a few commuters use the system. This has meant the Star Ferry company has lost many millions of dollars since the relocation. Therefore it decided not to re-tender for the loss-making Hung Hom-Central and Hung Hom-Wan Chai routes and will stop operating these routes and the relevant piers at Hung Hom Ferry Pier on 31 March 2011.
The Star Ferry makes a "star turn" in the 1960 film The World of Suzie Wong. In the beginning of the film, Robert Lomax (played by William Holden) disembarks from the SS President Wilson (an old American President Lines transpacific passenger vessel) and takes the Star Ferry to Hong Kong island, and on the ferry meets Suzie Wong (played by Nancy Kwan), who scorns his attentions. The ferry (Radiant Star) itself is completely recognisable, and the layout of the pier where William Holden debarks in Kowloon is familiar to any denizen of Tsim Sha Tsui, minus the giant shopping malls constructed since the film was shot.
Several brief scenes in the TV miniseries Noble House are set aboard the ferry .
Queen's Pier (Old Star Ferry Pier) in Central, Hong Kong.
Two piers in Tsim Sha Tsui at night
Pier 7 in Central, one of two newer piers which replaced the old Central piers.
The 4th (recessed) and 3rd generation (foreground) of the Central pier.
- Transportation in Hong Kong
- List of buildings, sites and areas in Hong Kong
- Hong Kong & Kowloon Ferry
- Hong Kong: Epilogue to an Empire, Jan Morris
- Europe in China: A History of Hong Kong, E J Eitel Oxford University Press (December 1983) ISBN 0195815904
- ^ Lack of bids dooms Hung Hom ferry lines, SCMP, 15 Jan 2011
- ^ SATW Society of American Travel Writers: SATW's Top Ten Ferry Rides
- ^ The Star Ferry Company Limited: The “Star” Ferry Ranks First in the World’s "Top 10 Most Exciting Ferry Rides”
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Eric Cavaliero, Star of the harbour, The Standard, 6 February 1997
- ^ a b c d EIA: A survey report of Historical Buildings and Structures within the Project Area of the Central Reclamation Phase III, Chan Sui San Peter for the HK Government, February 2001
- ^ Steven Ribet and Amy Tse, Making the connection, The Standard, 1 September 1999
- ^ a b Richard Frost, History floats aboard Star ferries, The Standard, 1 May 1998
- ^ Wiltshire, Trea. [First published 1987] (republished & reduced2003). Old Hong Kong – Volume One. Central, Hong Kong: Text Form Asia books Ltd. Page 71. ISBN Volume One 962-7283-59-2
- ^ http://www.starferry.com.hk/company.html
- ^ a b c "History". The "Star" Ferry Co. Ltd.. 2001. http://www.starferry.com.hk/new/en/history/index.asp. Retrieved 28 October 2007.
- ^ http://www.starferry.com.hk/175.html 'Cancellation of Ferry Services between Hunghom and Central / Wanchai', Star Ferry website, 15 March 2011. Retrieved on 30 March 2011.
Public transport in the Pearl River DeltaNote: Facilities that are either under construction, under planning or pending for approval are shown in italic. Guangdong, ChinaFoshan FMetro linesLine 1 · Guangzhou BRT linesGuangzhou Metro linesShenzhen Metro linesShenzhen monorail Hong KongHong Kong MTR linesHong Kong LRT lines505 · 507 · 610 · 614 · 614P · 615 · 615P · 705 · 706 · 751 · 751P · 761PTrams and Cable Car MacauMacau LRT lines Inter-city linesPRD Rapid Transit linesOther lines Automated people mover systems Major terminalsRail transportAirportsPorts Ferry services
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Star Ferry — The „Star“ Ferry Company Ltd. Rechtsform Kapitalgesellschaft Gründung 1888 Sitz … Deutsch Wikipedia
Star (ferry) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Star. Star Star à Helsinki en avril 2007 Type … Wikipédia en Français
Star Ferry Pier, Central — may refer to any of the successive generations of pier in Central, Hong Kong used by the Star Ferry for its services across Victoria Harbour to Hung Hom Pier. The current Star Ferry pier is in its 4th generation. It opened for public service on… … Wikipedia
Ferry — For other uses, see Ferry (disambiguation). Main article: Merchant ship A ferry (or ferryboat) is a form of transportation, usually a boat, but sometimes a ship, used to carry (or ferry) primarily passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo as… … Wikipedia
Star (disambiguation) — A star is a luminous cosmic body. For uses of stars as a symbol, see List of symbolic stars.Star or stars may also refer to:Places*Star Mountains, a mountain range in Papua New GuineaUnited Kingdom*Star, Anglesey, Wales *Star, Fife, Scotland… … Wikipedia
Star Wars: X-Wing Alliance — Star Wars X Wing Alliance Éditeur LucasArts Développeur Totally Games Concepteur Lawrence Holland Date de sortie 28 février 1999 Licence Propriétaire Ve … Wikipédia en Français
Ferry Corsten — live in Toronto, Canada Background information Birth name Ferry Corsten Also … Wikipedia
Ferry Corsten — in Toronto im September 2006 Ferry Corsten (* 4. Dezember 1973 in Rotterdam, Niederlande) ist ein niederländischer Trance DJ und Produzent. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ferry Corsten — en Toronto Datos generales Nombre real Ferry Corsten … Wikipedia Español
Star (паром) — Star … Википедия