American Woodcock


American Woodcock

Taxobox
name = American Woodcock



image_width = 240px
image_caption = Adult on nest
status = LC
status_system = iucn3.1
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
subclassis = Neornithes
infraclassis = Neognathae
superordo = Neoaves
ordo = Charadriiformes
subordo = Scolopaci
familia = Scolopacidae
genus = "Scolopax"
species = "S. minor"
binomial = "Scolopax minor"
binomial_authority = Gmelin, 1789
synonyms ="Philohela minor"

The American Woodcock, "Scolopax minor", is a small chunky shorebird species from North America. It is popularly known as timberdoodle and a well-known game bird.

Adults have short pinkish legs and a very long straight bill with an articulated tip. The body is patterned cinnamon on top and a lighter brown underneath. They have large eyes located high in the head. The wings are rounded.

Their breeding habitat is wet wooded areas in eastern North America. The northernmost birds migrates to the southern parts of the breeding range in winter. Based on the Christmas Bird Count results, winter concentrations are highest in the northern half of Alabama.

Migrating birds' arrival at and departure from the breeding range is highly irregular. In Ohio for example, the earliest birds are seen in February, but the bulk of the population does not arrive until March/April. Birds start to leave for winter by September, but some remain until mid-November. [OOS (2004)]

These birds forage by probing in soft soil in thickets, usually well-hidden from sight. They mainly eat earthworms and insects, also plant material. They are crepuscular, being most active at dawn and dusk.

The male performs a high spiralling flight during courtship, generating a twittering sound as air moves through its wing feathers. These performances occur over open areas near feeding locations at dawn, dusk, and if the light levels are high enough on moonlit nights. The ritual may be repeated as long as four months running - sometimes continuing even after females have already hatched their brood and left the nest. American Woodcocks nest on the ground in an open wooded location. Woodcock young are precocial.

This species is not considered globally threatened by the IUCN. It is more tolerant of deforestation than other woodcocks and snipes; as long as some sheltered woodland remains for breeding, it can thrive even in regions that are mainly used for agriculture [Henninger (1906)] .

Footnotes

References

*|year=2004|id=49033|title=Scolopax minor|downloaded=11 May 2006 Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* (2006): Seasons of the Woodcock: The secret life of a woodland shorebird. "Sanctuary" 45(4): 3-5.
* (1906): A preliminary list of the birds of Seneca County, Ohio. "Wilson Bull." 18(2): 47-60. [http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/Wilson/DJVU/v018n02/P0047-P0060.djvu DjVu fulltext] [http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/Wilson/v018n02/p0047-p0060.pdf PDF fulltext]
* (2004): Annotated Ohio state checklist. Version of April 2004. [http://www.ohiobirds.org/publications/OBRClist.pdf PDF fulltext]

External links

* [http://www.birds.cornell.edu/AllAboutBirds/BirdGuide/American_Woodcock.html American Woodcock Species Account] - Cornell Lab of Ornithology
* [http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/id/framlst/i2280id.html American Woodcock - "Scolopax minor"] - USGS Patuxent Bird Identification Infocenter
* [http://www.sdakotabirds.com/species/american_woodcock_info.htm American Woodcock Information] - South Dakota Birds and Birding
* [http://pages.cthome.net/rwinkler/rospring.htm Rite of Spring] - Illustrated account of the phenomenal courtship flight of the male American Woodcock
* [http://ibc.hbw.com/ibc/phtml/especie.phtml?idEspecie=1488 American Woodcock videos] on the Internet Bird Collection
* [http://www.fws.gov/northeast/moosehorn/images/Woodcock.jpgPhoto-High Res] ; [http://www.fws.gov/northeast/moosehorn/American_Woodcock.htm Article] – www.fws.gov–"Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge", photo gallery and analysis


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • American woodcock — noun small long billed woodcock; prized as a game bird • Syn: ↑woodcock snipe, ↑Philohela minor • Hypernyms: ↑woodcock • Member Holonyms: ↑Philohela, ↑genus Philohela * * * …   Useful english dictionary

  • American woodcock — amerikinė slanka statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Scolopax minor angl. American woodcock vok. Kanadaschnepfe, f rus. американский вальдшнеп, m pranc. bécasse d Amérique, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas – slankos …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • American woodcock — noun A North American shorebird, Scolopax minor Syn: timberdoodle, bogsucker, night partridge, brush snipe, hokumpoke, becasse …   Wiktionary

  • Woodcock — Wood cock , n. [AS. wuducoc.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of several species of long billed limicoline birds belonging to the genera {Scolopax} and {Philohela}. They are mostly nocturnal in their habits, and are highly esteemed as game… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Woodcock owl — Woodcock Wood cock , n. [AS. wuducoc.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of several species of long billed limicoline birds belonging to the genera {Scolopax} and {Philohela}. They are mostly nocturnal in their habits, and are highly esteemed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Woodcock shell — Woodcock Wood cock , n. [AS. wuducoc.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of several species of long billed limicoline birds belonging to the genera {Scolopax} and {Philohela}. They are mostly nocturnal in their habits, and are highly esteemed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Woodcock snipe — Woodcock Wood cock , n. [AS. wuducoc.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of several species of long billed limicoline birds belonging to the genera {Scolopax} and {Philohela}. They are mostly nocturnal in their habits, and are highly esteemed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • woodcock — /wood kok /, n., pl. woodcocks, (esp. collectively) woodcock for 1, 2. 1. either of two plump, short legged migratory game birds of variegated brown plumage, the Eurasian Scolopax rusticola and the smaller American Philohela minor. 2. any of… …   Universalium

  • Woodcock — Taxobox name = Woodcock image width = 250px image caption = American Woodcock regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Charadriiformes familia = Scolopacidae genus = Scolopax genus authority = Linnaeus, 1758 subdivision ranks =… …   Wikipedia

  • woodcock snipe — noun 1. small long billed woodcock; prized as a game bird • Syn: ↑American woodcock, ↑Philohela minor • Hypernyms: ↑woodcock • Member Holonyms: ↑Philohela, ↑genus Philohela …   Useful english dictionary


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