Black sand


Black sand

Black sand is a heavy, glossy, partly magnetic mixture of usually fine sands, found as part of a placer deposit.

Black sands are used by miners and prospectors to indicate the presence of a placer formation. Placer mining activities produce a concentrate that is composed mostly of black sand. Black sand concentrates often contain additional valuables, other than precious metals: rare earth elements, thorium, titanium, tungsten, zirconium and others are often fractionated during igneous processes into a common mineral-suite that becomes black sands after weathering and erosion.

Several gemstones, such as garnet, topaz, ruby, sapphire, and diamond are found in placers and in the course of placer mining, and sands of these gems are found in black sands and concentrates. Purple or ruby-colored garnet sand often forms a showy surface dressing on ocean beach placers.

ee also

* Diamond
* Mining
* Placer deposit
* Heavy mineral sands ore deposits
* Punaluu Black Sand Beach

External links

* [http://geology.wr.usgs.gov/parks/coast/sand/blacksand.html The Geology of Black Sand]
* [http://www.egsma.gov.eg/black_sands.htm Black Sands of the Nile River]
* [http://www.viequestravelguide.com/black-sand-beach-vieques-puerto-rico-06.html Black Sand in Vieques, Puerto Rico]
* [http://www.alaskafreegold.com Alaska Mineral and Mining Images]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • black sand — /ˈblæk sænd/ (say blak sand) noun NZ the dark iron sand of some west coast beaches, occasionally auriferous …   Australian English dictionary

  • black sand — adjective Usage: usually capitalized B&S Etymology: so called from the glacial sand of the Illinois river flood plain near Liverpool, Ill., where remains were found : of or relating to a component of Woodland culture and a physical type first… …   Useful english dictionary

  • black sand — Accumulation of fragments of durable, usually dark, heavy minerals (those with a density greater than that of quartz). These accumulations are found in streambeds or on beaches where stream flow and wave energy are sufficient to carry away low… …   Universalium

  • Black Sand Dive Retreat — (Bitung,Индонезия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Kel. Kasawari, Lembeh Strait, 95526 Bitung …   Каталог отелей

  • Black Sand Hotel — (Камари,Греция) Категория отеля: Адрес: Kamari, Камари, 84700, Греция Оп …   Каталог отелей

  • Punaluu Black Sand Beach — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Punaluʻu Black Sand Beach es una playa cercana a Nāʻālehu en la Isla de Hawái, Hawaii. La playa es de arena oscura debido a los escurriemientos de lava volcánica. Geografía La playa de Punaluʻu Black Sand Beach se… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Red Sun, Black Sand — Lettres d Iwo Jima Lettres d Iwo Jima (titre original japonais : Iōjima kara no tegami titre américain : Letters from Iwo Jima, précédemment Red Sun, Black Sand) est un film de guerre réalisé par Clint Eastwood et sorti au Japon le 9… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sand — /sand/; Fr. /sahonnd/, n. George /jawrj/; Fr. /zhawrddzh/ (Lucile Aurore Dupin Dudevant), 1804 76, French novelist. * * * I Mineral, rock, or soil particles that are 0. 0008–0.08 in. (0.02–2 mm) in diameter. Most rock forming minerals are found… …   Universalium

  • sand — sandable, adj. sandless, adj. sandlike, adj. /sand/, n. 1. the more or less fine debris of rocks, consisting of small, loose grains, often of quartz. 2. Usually, sands. a tract or region composed principally of sand. 3. the sand or a grain of… …   Universalium

  • black — blackish, adj. blackishly, adv. blackishness, n. /blak/, adj., blacker, blackest, n., v., adv. adj. 1. lacking hue and brightness; absorbing light without reflecting any of the rays composing it. 2. characterized by absence of light; enveloped in …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.