WinGate is an Integrated Gateway Management system for
Microsoft Windows, providing firewall and NAT services, along with a number of integrated proxy servers and email services (SMTP, POP3 and IMAP servers).
In the mid to late 1990s, WinGate was almost ubiquitous in homes and small businesses that needed to share a single Internet connection between multiple networked computers. The introduction of
Internet Connection Sharingin Windows 98however, combined with increasing availability of cheap NAT-enabled routers, forced WinGate to evolve to provide more than just internet connection sharing features. Today, focus for WinGate users is primarily access control, reporting, bandwidth management and content filtering.
WinGate runs on all versions of Microsoft Windows, from Windows 95 onwards. At its core, WinGate provides all 3 levels of Internet Access: a stateful packet-level firewall with NAT, several circuit-level proxies (SOCKS 4/5, and proprietary Winsock redirector), and multiple proxy servers. This provides a comprehensive access framework, and allows the maximum level of access control.
WinGate's policy framework allows the creation of specific access rules, based on user account details, request details, location of user, authentication level and time of day. The policy framework is based on a user database and user authentication. WinGate allows use of either WinGate's built-in user database, the Windows user database, or the user database of an NT domain or Active Directory. Authentication can use integrated windows usernames and passwords (NTLM) and other authentication schemes. WinGate can also be used without authentication, or can assume user identity based on IP address or computer name.
WinGate can also authenticate individual users on a Terminal server, and maintain separate user contexts to provide user-level control, and for applications that do not support authentication by using the WinGate Client software.
WinGate provides an integrated
Email server( POP3server and retrieval client, SMTPserver, and IMAP4server) with message routing features and per-email restrictions. This can be used to provide company email services, or to provide protection and additional security (encryption and authentication) for an existing email system.
The WWW Proxy provides a transparent proxy for ease of administration, plus a shared proxy cache for improved surfing performance. It can also be used to secure access to internal web servers with either browser-based authentication or a Java-based applet.
Proxy services in WinGate support SSL/TLS connections, dynamic network binding (automatic response to network events such as addition or removal of network interfaces), and gateway pre-selection (to direct service for a particular application out a specific Internet connection).
Packet-level bandwidth management is also provided to allow control of bandwidth associated with certain users or applications, and is able to be configured on a per-time-of-day basis.
WinGate comes in three versions, Standard, Professional and Enterprise. Enterprise edition also provides an easily configured
virtual private networksystem, which is also available separately as WinGate VPN. Licensing is tiered by the number of concurrently connected users, and available in a range of sizes to suit any budget or network size.
Also available for WinGate are optional components that provide Antivirus scanning for email, web and FTP, and content filtering for web traffic.
Versions of WinGate prior to 2.1d (1997) shipped with an insecure default configuration that - if not secured by the network administrator - allowed untrusted third parties to proxy network traffic through the WinGate server. This made open WinGate servers common targets of crackers looking for anonymous redirectors through which to attack other systems. While WinGate was by no means the only exploited proxy server, its wide popularity amongst users with little experience administering networks made it almost synonymous with open SOCKS proxies in the late 1990s [cite web
url = http://www.lurhq.com/proxies.html | title = Exposing the Underground: Adventures of an Open Proxy Server | accessdate = 2007-02-04 | publisher = LURHQ] . Furthermore since a restricted (2 users) version of the product was freely available without registration, contacting all WinGate users to notify of security issues was impossible, and therefore even long after the security problems were resolved, there were still many insecure installations in use.
Some versions of the Sobig virus installed a pirated copy of WinGate 5 in a deliberately insecure configuration to be used by spammers. These installations used non-standard ports for SOCKS and WinGate remote control and so in general did not interfere with other software running on the infected host computer. This resulted in some antivirus programs incorrectly identifying WinGate as a virus and removing it.
* [http://www.wingate.com/ WinGate Proxy Server official site]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
WinGate — Développeur Qbik Dernière version 6.2.2 ( … Wikipédia en Français
Wingate — ist der Name folgender Orte: Fort Wingate, Raketenstartplatz Wingate (Texas), Ort in den Vereinigten Staaten Wingate ist der Familienname folgender Personen: David Balcombe Wingate (* 1935), Ornithologe und Naturschützer Francis Reginald Wingate… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Wingate — Pueblo de los Estados Unidos Ubicación en el … Wikipedia Español
Wingate — Wingate, NC U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 2406 Housing Units (2000): 825 Land area (2000): 1.682282 sq. miles (4.357089 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.682282 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
WINGATE (O. C.) — WINGATE ORDE CHARLES (1903 1944) Le moins conventionnel des généraux britanniques de la Seconde Guerre mondiale: «Je ne pourrai jamais faire carrière dans l’armée dans des circonstances normales», avouait il. Son supérieur, le général Wavell,… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Wingate, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 299 Housing Units (2000): 146 Land area (2000): 0.275326 sq. miles (0.713090 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.275326 sq. miles (0.713090 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Wingate, NC — U.S. town in North Carolina Population (2000): 2406 Housing Units (2000): 825 Land area (2000): 1.682282 sq. miles (4.357089 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.682282 sq. miles (4.357089 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Wingate — (spr. ŭinngēt), Sir Francis Reginald, Serdar von Ägypten, geb. 1861, besuchte die Militärschule in Woolwich, trat 1880 in die englische Artillerie ein, diente in Indien und Aden und wurde 1889 zum Direktor des Nachrichtenbureaus, dann zum… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Wingate — Wingate, Orde Charles … Enciclopedia Universal
Wingate — NOTOC Wingate may refer to:PlacesIn the United Kingdom: * Wingate, County Durham * Old Wingate, County Durham * Wingates, Bolton, Greater ManchesterIn the United States: * Wingate, Indiana * Wingate, Brooklyn, New York * Wingate, North Carolina * … Wikipedia