An encoder is a device used to change a signal (such as a bitstream) or data into a code. The code may serve any of a number of purposes such as compressing information for transmission or storage, encrypting or adding redundancies to the input code, or translating from one code to another. This is usually done by means of a programmed algorithm, especially if any part is digital, while most analog encoding is done with analog circuitry.

ingle bit 4 to 2 Encoder

An encoder has 2n input lines and "n" output lines.The output lines generate a binary code corresponding to the input value. For example a single bit 4 to 2 encoder takes in 4 bits and outputs 2 bits. It is assumed that there are only 4 types of input signals these are : 0001, 0010, 0100, 1000.

Connecting Priority Encoders

Priority encoders can be easily connected in arrays to make larger encoders, such as a 16 to 4 encoder made from six 4 to 2 priority encoders (four encoders having the signal source connected to their inputs, and two encoders that take the output of the first four as input).


* A compressor encodes data (e.g., audio/video/images) into a smaller form.
* A multiplexer combines multiple inputs into one output.
* A rotary encoder converts rotary position to an analog (e.g., analog quadrature) or digital (e.g., digital quadrature, 32-bit parallel, or USB) electronic signal.
* A linear encoder similarly converts linear position to an electronic signal.

ee also

* Codec
* Endec
* Line code
* Modulation
* Redundancy in databases
* decoder

External links

* Encoding data to an ID Card: [https://www.arcadiaid.com/page.php?page=magneticstripeencoder Using a Magnetic Stripe Encoder]
* [http://engknowledge.com/shaft_absolute_encoder_gray_code.aspx Absolute Encoder Using Gray Code] - Absolute encoding for rotating shaft, with a comprehensive discussion of gray code.
* [http://www.asic-world.com/digital/combo3.html asic-world's Digital Combinational Logic (part III)] - an overview of encoders in circuitry.

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  • encoder — [ ɑ̃kɔde ] v. tr. <conjug. : 1> • v. 1960; de en et code ♦ Didact. Constituer, produire selon un code. Inform. Coder (une information) au moment de la saisie. Ling. Produire (un discours, un message) selon les règles d un code (langue,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Encoder — Codierer; Enkoder; Kodierer; Verschlüssler; Verschlüsseler * * * En|co|der [auch: ɪn koʊdɐ], Enkoder, der; s, [engl. encoder, zu: to encode, ↑ encodieren] (Elektronik): Vorrichtung zur Encodierung (als Teil verschiedenster Geräte) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Encoder — Ein Kodierer ist ein technisches Element. Dabei kann der Begriff sowohl in der Nachrichtentechnik als auch in der Antriebstechnik auftauchen und verschiedene Bedeutungen haben. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Kodierer in der Nachrichtentechnik 2 Kodierer in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Encoder — En|co|der [in koudə] der; s, <aus gleichbed. engl. encoder zu to encode, vgl. ↑encodieren> Einrichtung zum Verschlüsseln von Daten usw.; [Daten]verschlüsseler in einem ↑Computer; Ggs. ↑Decoder …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • encoder — šifratorius statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. cipher machine; cipherer; coder; encipherer; encoder; encryption device vok. Chiffriermaschine, f; Codiereinheit, m; Codierer, m; Verschlüßer, m rus. шифратор, m pranc. chiffreur, m;… …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • encoder — kodavimo įtaisas statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. code device; coder; coding device; encoder vok. Codierer, m; Kodierer, m; Kodierungseinrichtung, f; Kodierungsgerät, n; Verschlüßler, m; Verschlüsseler, m rus. кодер, m; кодирующее… …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • encoder — encode ► VERB ▪ convert into a coded form. DERIVATIVES encoder noun …   English terms dictionary

  • encoder — noun see encode …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • encoder — See encode. * * * …   Universalium

  • encoder — noun A device used to encode a signal either for cryptography or compression …   Wiktionary