Hiraga Gennai


Hiraga Gennai

Nihongo|Hiraga Gennai|平賀 源内|Hiraga Gennai (1729–79, or Kyōhō 13–An'ei 13) was an Edo period Japanese pharmacologist, student of Western studies, physician, author, painter and inventor who is well known for his "Erekiteru" (electrostatic generator), "Kandankei" (thermometer) and "Kakanpu" (asbestos cloth). He also wrote the satirical essay "On Farting."

Born into a low-ranking samurai family, his father was Shiraishi Mozaemon (Yoshifusa), his mother was from the Yamashita clan, and he had many siblings. His real name was nihongo|Kunitomo|国倫|, but he also went by the pen names nihongo|Kyūkei|鳩渓|, nihongo|Fūrai Sanjin|風来山人| (his principal literary pen name), nihongo|Tenjiku rōnin|天竺浪人| and nihongo|Fukuchi Kigai|福内鬼外|. He is most well known by the name "Gennai," however.

He first studied medicinal herbs in Osaka, with Toda Kyokuzan, before moving to Edo in 1757. There, he studied with Tamura Ransui, and wrote a number of books, some on scientific or nature topics, some satirical novels, in the kokkeibon and dangibon genres. In his scientific experiments, he prospected for various ores, weaved asbestos, calculated temperatures, and worked with static electricity. Gennai also studied Western painting and ceramics techniques, and produced a number of works in that vein.

Interested in ores, he tried unsuccessfully a number of times to have new mines opened. On one occasion, frustrated and enraged at the repeated lack of support from the citizens of the area, he killed one of his disciples in a fit of rage. Arrested and sent to prison, he died there in 1779.

Appearances in fiction

*In the anime OVA: 'Mask of Zeguy' Hiraga Gennai had a prominent role (along with Hijikata Toshizo) in preventing the legendary mask and protecting Miki(who is a descendant of the renowned Priestess Shamus)from falling into the wrong hands

*In the anime "Oh! Edo Rocket" episode 10 it is revealed that the retired resident is Gennai. The Fūrai Row-House Block, which he says is his, is also likely a nod to one of his pen names.

*The anime "Zero no Tsukaima" has a character by the name of Hiraga Saito. Since Saito hails from Japan, it is speculated that he is named after Gennai.

*Gennai makes an appearance in the anime "Read or Die", along with many other historical and legendary figures. In "Read Or Die", Gennai uses his elekiter as a very high powered destructive weapon that he uses to destroy the White House and eradicate an entire fleet of combat helicopters.

*He is also referenced in "Mai-HiME".

*In the anime "Flint the Time Detective", he makes an appearance with the Time Shifter Elecky as he uses it to make giant robots.

*In the Squaresoft game "Live-A-Live", there is a mechanic named Gennai who is responsible for the creation of mechanical traps in the Bakumatsu Chapter. Since the setting of the chapter is the Bakumatsu era, his presence is an anachronism, but considering the additional presence of Ishikawa Goemon, Yodo-Dono, and Shiro Tokisada Amakusa, it is clear that this section of the game was intentionally designed as a mash-up of popular Japanese history.

*In the 36th episode of "Kikaida 01" Hiraga Gennai is threatened by time traveling robots from 1974 disguised as ninja. The evil Shadow tends to take him to 1974 and have him help build better robots.

*In the 30th episode of "Demashita! Powerpuff Girls Z" (ガールズとカレ! - Girls and Him!), a character by the name of Hiraga Kennai is responsible for the creation of a primitive form of Chemical Z and the Ōedo Chakichaki Musume. He also uses an elekiter to separate Him's soul (the black light) from his body.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hiraga Gennai — Este artículo está titulado de acuerdo a la onomástica japonesa, en que el apellido precede al nombre. Hiraga Gennai. Hiraga Gennai (平賀 源内, Hiraga Gennai …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gennai Hiraga — Hiraga Gennai Hiraga Gennai (平賀源内, 1729 1779, ou Kyōhō 13 An ei 13) est un pharmacologue japonais de période Edo, érudit des études occidentales, médecin, auteur, peintre et inventeur qui est bien connu pour son Elekiter (générateur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gennai — For the Edo period artist and writer, see Hiraga Gennai. Infobox animanga character name = Gennai series = Digimon caption = young Gennai from Digimon Adventure (season one) first = Episode 13, The Legend of the DigiDestined last = creator =… …   Wikipedia

  • Moeyo Ken (anime) — Moeyo Ken 機動新撰組 萌えよ剣 (Kidō Shinsengumi Moeyo Ken) Genre Fantasy Original video animation Directed by Hideki Tonokatsu …   Wikipedia

  • Rangaku — A meeting of Japan, China, and the West, Shiba Kōkan, late 18th century …   Wikipedia

  • Akita ranga — (秋田蘭画), also known as the Akita ha (秋田派), was a short lived school of painting within the larger Japanese genre of ranga , or Dutch style painting which lasted roughly from 1773 1780. Based in the Akita feudal domain, it was headed by the domain… …   Wikipedia

  • Kaitai Shinsho — is a medical text translated into Japanese during the Edo period. It is based on the Dutch language translation Ontleedkundige Tafelen , often known in Japan as nihongo| Tafel Anatomie |ターヘル・アナトミア|Tāheru Anatomia, of Kulmus’ German Anatomische… …   Wikipedia

  • japan — japanner, n. /jeuh pan /, n., adj., v., japanned, japanning. n. 1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other surfaces. 2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner. 3. Japans,… …   Universalium

  • Japan — /jeuh pan /, n. 1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 125,716,637; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon. 2. Sea of, the… …   Universalium

  • Elekiter — The nihongo|Elekiter|エレキテル|Erekiteru is the Japanese name for a type of generator of static electricity used for electric experiments in the 18th century. In Japan, Hiraga Gennai presented his own elekiter in 1776, derived from an elekiter from… …   Wikipedia