Arnolfo di Cambio


Arnolfo di Cambio

Arnolfo di Cambio [The name "Arnolfo di Lapo" by which he is mentioned in some sources was an invention by his biographer Giorgio Vasari. See Tomasi, 2007.] (c. 1240 – 1300/1310 [The traditional date of 1302 has been recently discovered to be wrong. See Tomasi, 2007.] ) was an Italian architect and sculptor.

Biography

Arnolfo was born in Colle Val d'Elsa, Tuscany.

He was Nicola Pisano’s chief assistant on the marble pulpit for the Duomo in Siena (1265-1268), but he soon began to work independently on an important tomb sculpture. In 1266-1267 he worked in Rome for King Charles I of Anjou, portraying him in the famous statue housed in the Campidoglio. Around 1282 he finished the monument to Cardinal de Braye in the church of San Domenico in Orvieto, including a Madonna which he created by converting an ancient Roman statue of the goddess Abundantia. In Rome Arnolfo had seen the Cosmatesque art, and its influence can be seen in the intarsio and polychrome glass decorations in the churches of San Paolo fuori le Mura and Santa Cecilia in Trastevere, where he worked in 1285 and 1293 respectively. In this period he also worked on the presepio of Santa Maria Maggiore, on Santa Maria in Aracoeli, on the monument of Pope Boniface VIII (1300) and on the bronze statue of St. Peter in St. Peter's Basilica.

In 1294-1295 he worked in Florence, mainly as an architect. According to his biographer Giorgio Vasari, he was in charge of construction of the cathedral of the city, for which he provided the statues once decorating the lower part of the façade destroyed in 1589. The surviving statues are now in the Museum of the Cathedral. Also attributed to Arnolfo is the design of the Church of Santa Croce . Vasari also attributed to him the urban plan of the new city of San Giovanni Valdarno.

The monumental character of Arnolfo's work has left its mark on the appearance of Florence. His funerary monuments became the model for Gothic funerary art.

Giorgio Vasari included a biography of Arnolfo in his "Lives of the Artists".

elected works

Architecture

*Old basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence

culpture

*Monument to Pope Adrian V (1276) - San Francesco, Viterbo
*Monument to Riccardo Cardinal Annibaldi (1276) - San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome
*Statue of Charles I of Anjou (1277) - Campidoglio, Rome
*Fountain of the Thirsty People (Fontana Minore) - Perugia
*Tomb of Cardinal Guillaume de Braye (c. 1282) - San Domenico, Orvieto
*Monument of Pope Boniface VIII - the Museum of the Opera del Duomo - Florence

References

*cite journal|title=Lo stil novo del Gotico italiano|journal=Medioevo|first=Michele|last=Tomasi|issue=121|pages=pp. 32–46|month=February | year=2007

Footnotes

External links

* [http://www.all-art.org/history194-4.html Arnolfo di Cambio in the "History of Art"]


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  • Arnolfo di Cambio — (* um 1240/45 in Colle di Val d’Elsa; † 1302/1310 in Florenz) war ein italienischer Architekt und Bildhauer. Von Vasari wird er fälschlicherweise als Arnolfo di Lapo bezeichnet, da er annahm, dass der Vater von Arnolfo ein deutscher Baumeister… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arnolfo di Cambio — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Arnolfo di Cambio Arnolfo di Cambio, según las Vite de Vasari Nombre real Arnolfo di Lapo Nacimie …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arnolfo di Cambio — • Sometimes called di Lapo, the principal master of Italian Gothic, b. at Florence, about 1232 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Arnolfo di Cambio     Arnolfo di Cambio   …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Arnolfo Di Cambio — Statue d Arnolfo di Cambio, sur la piazza del Duomo, à Florence …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • ARNOLFO DI CAMBIO — (1245 env. env. 1302) Sculpteur et architecte italien. Le contrat passé le 29 septembre 1265 entre Nicola Pisano et les «fabriciens» de la cathédrale de Sienne est le premier document où soit mentionné Arnolfo di Colle di Val d’Elsa, fils d’un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Arnolfo di Cambio — Statue d Arnolfo di Cambio, sur la piazza del Duomo, à Florence …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arnolfo di Cambio — born с 1245, Colle di Val d Elsa died 1301/10, Florence Italian sculptor and architect active in Florence. He studied under Nicola Pisano and assisted him on the pulpit for Siena Cathedral (1265–68). In 1277 he went to Rome, where he worked for… …   Universalium