:"This article is about the city of Basse-Terre. For the island on which the city is located, see
Basse-Terre Island. Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, should not be confused with Basseterrethe capital of Saint Kitts and Nevis."French commune
mapcaption=Location of the commune (in red) within Guadeloupe
canton=Basse-Terre (1st, and 2nd)
Communauté de communes du Sud Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre is the capital city of
Guadeloupe, an overseas "région" and "département" of Francelocated in the Lesser Antilles. The city of Basse-Terre is located on Basse-Terre Island, the western-half of Guadeloupe.
Although it is the administrative capital of Guadeloupe, Basse-Terre is only the second-largest city in Guadeloupe behind
Pointe-à-Pitre, with 44,864 inhabitants in its urban areain 1999 (12,400 of whom lived in the city of Basse-Terre proper).
Basse-Terre Islandfor the origin of the name Basse-Terre.
The city was founded in 1643, in the mountainous section of Basse-Terre, one of the two islands which compose Guadeloupe. It was destroyed many times as a consequence of the
Anglo-French wars. Today the town is quiet with its French provincial atmosphere and colourful port life.
In town is the Cathedral of Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul, a 19th century building which has a notable grey stone highlighted by white statues; many other colonial buildings; La place du Champ d'Arbaud, the main square and Le Jardin Pichon, the park adjoining to the south & the Zoological and Botanical Park lies on a convert|1500|ft|m|sing=on hilltop garden on the banks of La Rivière-aux-Herbes. This is a reserve of the plants and animals of Guadeloupe.
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