- Carisbrooke Castle
Infobox Military Structure
Carisbrooke, Isle of Wight
caption=Carisbrooke Castle by George Brannon
map_type=United Kingdom Isle of Wight
built=Begun in 12th century
Isabella de Fortibus, Charles I of England(imprisoned), Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
The site of Carisbrooke Castle may have been occupied in pre-Roman times. The existence of a ruined wall suggests that there was a building there in late Roman times. The
Jutesmay have taken over the fort by the late 7th century. An Anglo-Saxon stronghold occupied the site during the 8th century. Around 1000, a wall was built around the hill as a defence against Vikingraids.
The castle remained in the possession of Richard de Redvers family until 1293, when Countess Isabella de Fortibus sold it to Edward I, after which the government was entrusted to wardens as representatives of the crown.
In the reign of Richard II it was unsuccessfully attacked by the French (1377). Anthony de Wydville, Lord Scales, later Earl Rivers, obtained a grant of the castle and rights of Lordship in 1467. He was responsible for the addition of the Woodville Gate, now known as the Entrance Gate.
The keep was added to the castle in the reign of Henry I, and in the reign of Elizabeth I, when the
Spanish Armadawas expected, it was surrounded by an elaborate pentagonal fortification by Sir George Carey.
Charles I was imprisoned here for fourteen months before his execution in 1649. Afterwards his two youngest children were confined in the castle, and the Princess Elizabeth died there. Most recently it was the home of The Princess Beatrice, daughter of Queen Victoria, as
Governor of the Isle of Wight, 1896-1944. It is now under control of English Heritage.
Carisbrooke was the strongest castle on the island, though it does not dominate the countryside like many other castles.
There are traces of a Roman fort underneath the later buildings. Seventy-one steps lead up to the keep; the reward is a fine view. In the centre of the castle enclosure are the domestic buildings; these are mostly of the 13th century, with upper parts of the 16th. Some are in ruins, but the main rooms were used as the official residence of the Governor of the Isle of Wight until the 1940s, and they remain in good repair.
The Great Hall, Great Chamber, and several smaller rooms are open to the public, and an upper room houses the
Isle of Wight Museum. Most rooms are partly furnished, but on the whole it is the fireplaces and other features of the rooms themselves which are most interesting.
One of the main subjects of the Museum is King Charles I. He tried to escape from the castle in 1648, but was unable to get through the bars of his window.
The name of the castle is echoed in a very different structure on the other side of the world. A visit to the castle by
James Macandrew, one of the founders of the New Zealandcity of Dunedin, led to him naming his estate "Carisbrook". The name of the estate was later used for Dunedin's main sporting venue.
The Main Gate
The gateway tower was erected by Lord Scales in 1464.
The chapel is located next to the main gate. In 1904 the chapel of St Nicholas in the castle was reopened and re-consecrated, having been rebuilt as a national memorial of Charles I. Within the walls is a well 200 ft. deep, and another in the centre of the keep is reputed to have been still deeper.
Near the domestic buildings is the well-house with its working donkey wheel. As it is still operated by donkeys, the wheel is a great attraction and creates long queues. The well is also famous as the hiding place of the Mohune diamond, in the 1898 adventure novel "
Moonfleet", by J. Meade Falkner. Wyndham Lewis, who lived on the Isle of Wight as a child, cites the donkey wheel at Carisbrooke as an image for the way machines impose a way of life on human beings ('Inferior Religions', published 1917).
The Constable's Chamber
The Constable's Chamber is a large room located in the castle's medieval section. It was the bedroom of Charles I when he was imprisoned in the castle, and Princess Beatrice used it as a dining room. It is now home to Charles I bed as well as Princess Beatrices large collection of
stagand antelopeheads. This room was used as the castle's education center up until recently.
Surrounding the whole castle are large earthworks, designed by the Italian
Federigo Gianibelli, and begun in the year before the Spanish Armada. They were finished in the 1590s. The outer gate has the date 1598 and the arms of Queen Elizabeth I.
English Heritageopened a holiday apartment inside of the castle, in converted former staff quarters. [cite news|url=http://www.independent.co.uk/travel/uk/carisbrooke-castle-is-real-thing--and-now-you-can-be-part-of-its-history-457110.html|title=Carisbrooke Castle is real thing - and now you can be part of its history|last=Rix|first=Juliet|date=2007-07-14|publisher="The Independent"|accessdate=2008-06-13]
* [http://www.carisbrookecastlemuseum.org.uk/ Carisbrooke Castle Museum official site]
* [http://www.carisbrooke.shalfleet.net/carisbrooke%20text.htm "Carisbrooke Church from Blacks Guide to the Isle of Wight, 1870"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Carisbrooke Castle — , Isle of Wight, England … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
HMS Carisbrooke Castle (K379) — was a Royal Navy Castle class corvette. She was named after Carisbrooke Castle on the Isle of Wight.She was launched at Caledon Shipbuilding Engineering Company, in Dundee, Scotland on 31 July 1943 and commissioned on 17 November 1943. After… … Wikipedia
Carisbrooke — Infobox UK place | country = England official name= Carisbrooke civil parish= latitude = 50.69174 longitude = 1.31725 population= unitary england= Isle of Wight map type = Isle of Wight lieutenancy england= Isle of Wight region = South East… … Wikipedia
Castle class corvette — The Castle class corvettes were an updated version of the much more numerous Flower class corvettes of the Royal Navy, and started appearing during late 1943. They were equipped with radar as well as asdic.The Admiralty had decided to cease… … Wikipedia
Carisbrooke — (spr. kärrĭßbruck), ehemal. Hauptstadt der engl. Insel Wight; bei Newport Ruinen des C. Castle, in dem Karl I. 1647 gefangen saß … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Carisbrooke (Isle of Wight) railway station — Infobox UK disused station name = Carisbrooke (IOW) caption = Carisbrooke Trading Estate at Gunville, built on the route of the old Newport to Freshwater railway line gridref = SZ486885 manager = Freshwater, Yarmouth Newport Railway(1888 1913)… … Wikipedia
Carisbrooke — ▪ Isle of Wight, England, United Kingdom locality on the Isle of Wight (Wight, Isle of), historic county of Hampshire, England. It lies just southwest of Newport. The locality s chief landmark is a great castle on a steep hill that shows… … Universalium
CARISBROOKE — a village in the Isle of Wight, in the castle of which, now in ruins, Charles I. was imprisoned 13 months before his trial; it was at one time a Roman station … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Castillo de Carisbrooke — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Castillo de Carisbrooke Isla de Wight, Inglaterra … Wikipedia Español
Church of St. Nicholas in Castro, Carisbrooke — Coordinates: 50°41′13″N 01°18′48″W / 50.68694°N 1.31333°W / 50.68694; 1.31333 … Wikipedia