- William I, Duke of Normandy
William I Longsword (French: "Guillaume Longue-Épée", Latin: "Willermus Longa Spata", Scandinavian: "Viljâlmr Langaspjôt"; 893 – 17 December 942) was the second
Duke of Normandyfrom his father's death until his own assassination. The title "dux" (duke) was not in use at the time and has been applied to early Norman rulers retroactively; William actually used the title "comes" (count). Little is known about his early years. He was born in Bayeuxor Rouento Rolloand his wife Poppa. All that is known of Poppa is that she was a Christian, and the daughter to Berengar of Rennes, the previous lord of "Brittania Nova", which eventually became western Normandy. According to the William's " planctus", he was baptised a Christian.
William succeeded Rollo sometime around 927. It appears that he faced a rebellion early in his reign, from
Normanswho felt he had become too Gallicised. Subsequent years are obscure. In 939 William became involved in a war with Arnulf I of Flanders, which soon became intertwined with the other conflicts troubling the reign of Louis IV. He was killed by followers of Arnulf while at a meeting to settle their conflict. His son Richard the Fearless, child of his first wife, Sprota, succeeded him. William also left a widow, Liègard (Liutgard), who died in 985.
* [http://sbaldw.home.mindspring.com/hproject/prov/willi000.htm From Stewart Baldwin on Guillaume "Longue Épée" of Normandy]
* [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/NORMANDY.htm#GuillaumeIdied942 FMG on GUILLAUME I "Longuespee" Comte de Normandie]
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