- Ellesmere Port
Ellesmere Port shown within Cheshire
Population 64,100 (2001 Census) OS grid reference Unitary authority Cheshire West and Chester Ceremonial county Cheshire Region North West Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town ELLESMERE PORT Postcode district CH65, CH66 Dialling code 0151 Police Cheshire Fire Cheshire Ambulance North West EU Parliament North West England UK Parliament Ellesmere Port and Neston List of places: UK • England • Cheshire
Ellesmere Port /ˈɛlzmɪərpɔrt/ (originally Netherpool) is a large industrial town and port in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It is situated on the south border of the Wirral Peninsula on the banks of the Manchester Ship Canal, which in turn gives access to the River Mersey, and to the north of the city of Chester. The town had a population of 64,100 as of the 2001 Census.
The town is primarily industrial, being dominated by an oil refinery at Stanlow and a former ICI chemical works. The town is also home to the Vauxhall Motors car factory, where the Astra range of cars is produced. There are a number of tourist attractions: the National Waterways Museum, the Blue Planet Aquarium and the Cheshire Oaks Designer Outlet which is owned by McArthurGlen Group.
The town of Ellesmere Port was founded as an outlet to the sea from Ellesmere, Shropshire and the Welsh border area around Llangollen via a canal initially called the Ellesmere Canal. The canal was designed and engineered by William Jessop and Thomas Telford as part of a project to connect the rivers Severn, Mersey and Dee. The canal connected to the Mersey in the village of Netherpool, and the basin was known as Whitby Locks. The section between Whitby Locks and Chester was opened in 1795, connecting two of the rivers; but the connection to the Severn was never completed.
The village of Netherpool gradually changed its name to the Port of Ellesmere, and by the early 19th century, to Ellesmere Port. Settlements had existed in the area since the writing of the Domesday Book (the suburbs of Great Sutton, Little Sutton and Hooton are all mentioned). The first houses in Ellesmere Port itself, however, grew up around the docks and the first main street was Dock Street, which now houses the National Waterways Museum. Station Road, which connected the docks with the village of Whitby, also gradually developed and as more shops were needed, some of the houses became retail premises. As the expanding industrial areas growing up around the canal and its docks attracted more workers to the area, the town itself continued to expand.
By the mid-20th century, thanks to the opening of the Manchester Ship Canal in 1894 and the Stanlow Oil Refinery in the 1920s, the town had expanded so that it now incorporated the villages of Great and Little Sutton, Hooton, Whitby, Overpool and Rivacre as suburbs. The town centre itself had moved from the Station Road/Dock Street area, to an area that had once been home to a stud farm (indeed, the former Ellesmere Port and Neston Borough Council officially referred to the town centre as Stud Farm for housing allocation purposes) around the crossroads of Sutton Way/Stanney Lane and Whitby Road. Demand for housing was further increased with the opening of the Vauxhall Motors car plant in 1962.
Between the 1950s and 1980s, a number of new housing estates were developed, many of them on the sites of former farms such as Hope Farm and Grange Farm. Many estates consisted of both council housing and privately owned homes and flats. In the mid-1980s, the Port Arcades, a covered shopping mall was built in the town centre, which complemented the erection of Lewis's store which was bought out by Asda prior to the completion of the Port Arcades.
Some of the town's more deprived suburbs were hit by rioting (blamed largely on the mass unemployment of that era) in July 1981 in a wave of rioting which hit dozens of other British towns and cities that year.
By the 1990s, it was the retail sector rather than the industrial that was attracting workers and their families to the town. This was boosted with the building of the Cheshire Oaks outlet village and the Coliseum shopping park, which also included a multiplex cinema; prior to this since the closure of the cinema adjacent to the station in the 1950s the town's only cinema had been a single screen in the EPIC Leisure Centre.
The town continues to grow and expand, and more housing estates and shops are being built. The industrial sector is still a major employer in the town although in recent years, a number of factories have been closed and jobs lost. Marks & Spencer are currently (2010) building what is being claimed to be their largest store apart from Marble Arch on a site opposite to the Coliseum shopping park
The Vauxhall plant at Ellesmere Port is now Vauxhall's only car factory in Britain since the end of passenger car production at the Luton plant in 2004 (where commercial vehicles are still made), and currently produces the Astra model. It opened in 1962 as a components supplier to the Luton plant, before passenger car production began there in 1964.
Ellesmere Port was nearly included into the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in Merseyside, when that was formed on 1 April 1974. It was removed from the proposals before the Local Government Act 1972 had its first reading, and instead remained in Cheshire as part of the borough of Ellesmere Port and Neston.
In 2007, plans were announced which proposed combining the borough of Ellesmere Port and Neston with the Chester and Vale Royal districts to form a new "West Cheshire" unitary authority. The new unitary authority came into being on 1 April 2009 as Cheshire West and Chester. The Conservatives won control of this council in shadow elections in May 2008, winning a majority of seats in the Ellesmere Port area for the first time.
The current Mayor is Cllr Angela Claydon.
Last year the town saw the youngest mayor to take charge, Cllr Gareth Anderson, 29.
The official Governor of Ellesmere Port is Gurchuran Singh.
- Reutlingen, Germany
As of the 2001 census, 96.1% of the population described themselves as White British. 2.9% are desribed as Asian or British Asian. 0.6% are described as Chinese and 0.4% are Black African and Other. Many of the ethnic population live in Little Sutton, Hope Farm and Great Stanney.
The main religion of Ellesmere Port is Christianity with 58.9% of the population. 22.3% are unspecified. 10.1% are Muslim. 4.6% are Sikhs. 3.1% are Jewish. 0.6% are Buddists and 0.3% are Shinto and others. Most of the religious groups live in the Town Centre, Little Sutton and Westminster.
Suburban localities of Ellesmere Port include:
- Great Sutton, including Hope Farm and Grange.
- Little Sutton
- Great Stanney (Stanney Grange)
- Cheshire Oaks
- Canal Village
- Little Stanney
- Backford Cross
Ellesmere Port is located near the interchange of the M56 and the M53 motorways. The A41 road between Birkenhead and Chester, also passes through the area. There is a bus station in the town centre with frequent services to Chester, Liverpool, Runcorn, Elton, Ince,and Neston. There are some services to Mold, North Wales. Occasional National Express coaches serve the bus station. Most services are operated by Arriva North West & Wales, First Chester & The Wirral, GHA Coaches or Helms of Eastham.
Ellesmere Port railway station has frequent electric trains to Liverpool via the Wirral Line of the Merseyrail network. There is also an infrequent service to Helsby, with the route passing through Stanlow and Elton.
The Manchester Ship Canal joins the Mersey estuary north-west of Ellesmere Port at Eastham, but the town is also the northern terminus of the Shropshire Union Canal (which used to exchange goods with sea-going boats at what is now the National Waterways Museum).
Speedway racing operated at the stadium in Thornton Road in the mid to late 1970s and in the 1980s. Ellesmere Port Gunners raced in the lower tier Leagues. Vauxhall Motors F.C. are the local football team.
The following people are natives of Ellesmere Port, or have lived there for a period of time.
- Comedian Russ Abbott grew up in the town's Wolverham district.
- Lillian Beckwith, author, grew up in Ellesmere Port the daughter of a grocer as chronicled in her book About My Father's Business.
- Sam Chedgzoy, footballer who played for Everton between 1910-1926.
- Lorraine Connor, British Weight Lifting Champion 1989 & 1990, grew up in the Whitby district where her family still live, trained at the EPIC Leisure Centre under the supervision of her coach Gwylim Parry.
- Rita Cullis, operatic soprano, was born in Ellesmere Port.
- Stan Cullis, former Wolverhampton Wanderers player and manager was born in Ellesmere Port on 25 October 1916. Like his friend Joe Mercer he played football for Cambridge Road School and Ellesmere Port Boys.
- Dave Hickson, footballer who played for Everton, Liverpool and Tranmere Rovers. Born in Ellesmere Port in 1929. He worked for Ellesmere Port and Neston Borough Council before returning to Everton, where he works as an ambassador for the club.
- Beverley Hughes, Labour MP and former government minister, born and educated in the town and still has family connections
- Lee Latchford Evans from pop group Steps grew up here.
- Joe Mercer, England football international and manager was born in Ellesmere Port on 9 August 1914. He played football for Cambridge Road School and was selected to play for Ellesmere Port Boys against Chester Boys in January 1929. Mercer led Manchester City to the 1968 First Division championship, and went on to win the FA Cup (1969), League Cup (1970) and European Cup Winners' Cup (1970).
- John Prescott, The Ex-Deputy Prime Minister attended the Grange Secondary Modern School in 1948.
- Davey Rose received the Military Medal during the Falklands war
- Ex-professional footballer Graham Turner, better known as a Manager (ex-clubs including Shrewsbury Town, Aston Villa, Wolverhampton Wanderers and Hereford United. Also served as chairman of Hereford United)
- Anastasia Dobromyslova, former Women's World Professional Darts Champion lives in the town.
- Charles Bronson, nicknamed the most violent prisoner in Britain lived in the Little Sutton district.
- Local Newspaper
- National Waterways Museum (formerly the Boat Museum)
- The Blue Planet Aquarium
- Ellesmere Port & Neston Community Transport (Local Charity)
Ceremonial county of Cheshire Unitary authorities Major settlements Rivers Topics
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См. также в других словарях:
Ellesmere Port — [ elzmɪə pɔːt], Industriestadt in der County Cheshire, England, südöstlich von Liverpool am Manchester Ship Canal, 64 500 Einwohner; Erdölraffinerie, chemische Industrie, Maschinenbau … Universal-Lexikon
Ellesmere Port — 53.28 2.8975 Koordinaten: 53° 17′ N, 2° 54′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ellesmere Port — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ellesmere. Ellesmere Port … Wikipédia en Français
Ellesmere Port — Original name in latin Ellesmere Port Name in other language Ellesmere Port, Elsmir Port, alzmr pwrt, Елсмир Порт State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 53.27875 latitude 2.90134 altitude 26 Population 67768 Date 2011 03 03 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Ellesmere Port — ► C. de Gran Bretaña, en Inglaterra, en Cheshire, junto a Liverpool, de la que es un suburbio industrial; 61 556 h … Enciclopedia Universal
Ellesmere Port Dock — is a dock situated on the River Mersey in England, at Ellesmere Port. The Ellesmere Canal gives its name to the area were the canal joins the Mersey, by the mid 1790s, it was known as Ellesmere Port. Docks and warehouses were built to facilitate… … Wikipedia
Ellesmere Port and Neston local elections — One third of Ellesmere Port and Neston Council is elected each year, followed by one year without election.Political controlLabour 1973 presentCouncil electionsEllesmere Port and Neston Council election, 1998Ellesmere Port and Neston Council… … Wikipedia
Ellesmere Port and Neston — Infobox UK District name = Borough of Ellesmere Port and Neston status = Borough region = North West England admincounty = Cheshire area = Ranked 254th 88.41 km² adminhq = Ellesmere Port onscode = 13UE population = Ranked English district… … Wikipedia
Ellesmere Port and Neston (UK Parliament constituency) — UK constituency infobox Name = Ellesmere Port and Neston Map1 = EllesmerePortNeston Map2 = Cheshire Entity = Cheshire Type = County County = Cheshire Year = 1983 MP = Andrew Miller Party = Labour EP = North West England Ellesmere Port and Neston… … Wikipedia
Ellesmere Port railway station — Infobox UK station name = Ellesmere Port code = ELP manager = Merseyrail locale = Ellesmere Port borough = Ellesmere Port and Neston pte = Merseytravel zone = G1 usage0405 = 0.218 usage0506 = 0.215 usage0607 = 0.158 platforms = 2 years = 1 July… … Wikipedia