Erosion control


Erosion control

Erosion control is the practice of preventing or controlling wind or water erosion in agriculture, land development and construction. This usually involves the creation of some sort of physical barrier, such as vegetation or rock, to absorb some of the energy of the wind or water that is causing the erosion. Effective erosion controls are important techniques in preventing water pollution and soil loss. They are often implemented in conjunction with sediment controls such as sediment basins and silt fences.

Examples of some erosion control methods include:
*cellular confinement systems [State of California Department of Transportation, Division of Environmental Analysis, Stormwater Program. Sacramento, CA. [http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/env/stormwater/pdf/CTSW-RT-06-137-20-1.pdf "Cellular Confinement System Research."] 2006.]
*conservation tillage
*contour bunding
*contour plowing
*cover crops
*ditch liners
*fiber rolls
*gabions
*hydroseeding
*level spreaders
*mulching
*polyacrylamide
*reforestation
*riparian strip
*riprap
*strip farming
*vegetated waterways
*terracing
*wattle (construction)
*windbreaks [Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation. Nashville, TN. [http://www.state.tn.us/environment/wpc/sed_ero_controlhandbook/ "Tennessee Erosion and Sediment Control Handbook."] 2002.]

ee also

*Baer's law
*Burned area emergency response
*Coastal management
*Dust Bowl
*Natural Resources Conservation Service (United States)
*Nonpoint source pollution
*Stormwater
*SmartDitch
*Universal Soil Loss Equation
*Vetiver

References

External links

* [http://www.erosioncontrol.com Erosion Control] - a trade magazine for the erosion control industry
* [http://www.ieca.org International Erosion Control Association] - Professional Association, Publications, Training
* [http://riparianhabitatrestoration.ca/575/bioengintro.htm Soil Bioengineering and Biotechnical Slope Stabilization] - Erosion Control subsection of a website on Riparian Habitat Restoration
* [http://www.watchyourdirt.com Watchyourdirt] - Home of 'Dirt Time' a television series for the erosion control industry
* [http://www.smartditch.com SmartDitch] - an erosion/irrigation/drainage control system often featured in Erosion Control magazine


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