Hank Mobley

Hank Mobley

Infobox musical artist
Name = Hank Mobley

Img_capt = "Roll Call" (1960)
Img_size =
Background = non_vocal_instrumentalist
Birth_name = Henry Mobley
Alias =
Born = birth date|1930|7|7
Eastman, Georgia, USA
Died = death date and age|1986|5|30|1930|7|7
Instrument = Saxophone
Genre = jazz
Occupation = composer, saxophonist
Years_active =
Label = Blue Note
Associated_acts =
Current_members =
Past_members =

Henry (Hank) Mobley (July 7, 1930May 30, 1986) was an American hard bop and soul jazz tenor saxophonist and composer. Mobley was described by Leonard Feather as the "middleweight champion of the tenor saxophone", a metaphor used to describe his tone that was neither as aggressive as John Coltrane nor as mellow as Stan Getz. This description suggested to some that Mobley was mediocre; and, as his style was laid-back, subtle and melodic, especially in contrast with players like Sonny Rollins and John Coltrane, it took connoisseurs until after his demise to fully appreciate his talent.


Mobley was born in Eastman, Georgia, but was raised in Elizabeth, New Jersey, near Newark. Early in his career, he worked with Dizzy Gillespie and Max Roach. He took part in one of the landmark hard bop sessions, alongside Art Blakey, Horace Silver, Doug Watkins and trumpeter Kenny Dorham. The results of these sessions were released as "Horace Silver and the Jazz Messengers". They contrasted with the classical pretensions of cool jazz, with Mobley's rich lyricism being bluesier, alongside the funky approach of Horace Silver. When The Jazz Messengers split in 1956, Mobley continued on with pianist Horace Silver for a short time, although he did work again with Blakey some years later, when the drummer appeared on Mobley's albums in the early 60s.

During the 1960s, he worked chiefly as a leader, recording 25 albums for Blue Note Records, including "Soul Station" and "Roll Call", between 1955 and 1970. He performed with many of the most important hard bop players, such as Grant Green, Freddie Hubbard, Sonny Clark, Wynton Kelly and Philly Joe Jones, and formed a particularly productive partnership with trumpeter Lee Morgan. Mobley is widely recognized as one of the great composers of originals in the hard-bop era, with interesting chord changes and room for soloists to spread out.

His 1961 album, "Another Workout", while considered an instant classic, was inexplicably not released until 1985.

Mobley also spent a brief time in 1961 with Miles Davis, during the trumpeter's search for a replacement for John Coltrane. He is heard on the album "Someday My Prince Will Come" (alongside Coltrane, who returned for the recording of some tracks), and some live recordings ("In Person: Live at the Blackhawk" and "At Carnegie Hall"). Though considered by some as not having the improvisational fire of Coltrane, Mobley was still a major voice on tenor saxophone, known for his melodic playing.

Mobley was forced to retire in the mid-1970s due to lung problems. He worked briefly with Duke Jordan before his death from pneumonia in 1986.


*"Messages" (1956)
*"Tenor Conclave" (1957)
*"Poppin'" (1957)
*"Peckin Time" (1958)
*"Soul Station" (1960)
*"Workout" (1961)
*"Another Workout" (1961)
*"Roll Call" (1961)
*"No Room For Squares" (1963)
*"Straight No Filter (1963)
*"The Turnaround (1965)
*"Dippin' (1965)
*"A Caddy for Daddy" (1965)
*"A Slice of the Top" (1966)
*"Hi Voltage" (1967)
*"Third Season" (1967)
*"Far Away Lands" (1967) (rare)
*"Reach Out" (1968)
*"Thinking of Home" (1970)


*Derek Ansell, "Workout: The Music of Hank Mobley". London: Northway Publications, 2008. ISBN 978 09550908 8 2

External links

* [http://medien.zeit.de/medialinks/mobley_dip.mov Sample: "The Dip"]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hank Mobley — était un saxophoniste de hard bop américain né le 7 juillet 1930 et mort le 30 mai 1986[1]. Il jouait du saxophone ténor dans un style situé entre l agressivité de John Coltrane et la douceur de Stan Getz, c est à dire avec un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hank Mobley — Henry (Hank) Mobley (* 7. Juli 1930 in Eastman, Georgia; † 30. Mai 1986 in Philadelphia) war ein US amerikanischer Tenorsaxophonist und Komponist des Hard Bop und Soul Jazz. Mit seiner melodischen Spielweise beeinflusste er zahlreiche Musiker,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hank Mobley — Henry (Hank) Mobley (Eastman, Georgia, 7 de julio de 1930 Filadelfia, 30 de mayo de 1986) fue un saxofonista y compositor estadounidense de jazz, representante del hard bop. Su estilo ha sido caracterizado como un término medio entre el agresivo… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Roll Call (Hank Mobley album) — Infobox Album | Name = Roll Call Type = Album Artist = Hank Mobley Released = 1960 Recorded = November 13, 1960 Genre = Jazz Length = 52:00 Label = Blue Note Producer = Alfred Lion Roll Call is an album by jazz tenor saxophonist Hank Mobley.… …   Wikipedia

  • Mobley's Message — Studio album by Hank Mobley Released 1956 …   Wikipedia

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  • Mobley — is a surname, and may refer to: Anne Mobley Carlton Mobley Cuttino Mobley Eric Mobley Ethel Mobley Hank Mobley John Mobley Mary Ann Mobley Russ Mobley Singor Mobley There is a hamlet of Mobley, Gloucestershire in England …   Wikipedia

  • Mobley — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bill Mobley (* 1953), US amerikanischer Jazz Musiker (Trompete und Flügelhorn, Komponist, Bandleader, Arrangeur und Hochschullehrer) Carlton Mobley (1906–1981), US amerikanischer Politiker Cuttino Mobley… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mobley, Hank — ▪ American musician byname of  Henry Mobley   born July 7, 1930, Eastman, Ga., U.S. died May 30, 1986, Philadelphia, Pa.       African American lyric jazz tenor saxophonist. Noted for his melodic fluency and rhythmic sophistication, the prolific… …   Universalium

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