Manchester Victoria station


Manchester Victoria station
Manchester Victoria National Rail Manchester Metrolink
Manchester Victoria station 19-10-2009 12-11-47kopie.jpg
Location
Place Manchester city centre
Local authority Manchester
Coordinates 53°29′14″N 2°14′33″W / 53.4872°N 2.2424°W / 53.4872; -2.2424Coordinates: 53°29′14″N 2°14′33″W / 53.4872°N 2.2424°W / 53.4872; -2.2424
Operations
Station code MCV
Managed by Northern Rail
Number of platforms 6
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage
2006/07 *  5.060 million
2007/08 * decrease 4.006 million
2008/09 * increase 5.790 million
2009/10 * increase 5.870 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE Greater Manchester
Zone City (D)
History
1844 Opened
1902 Extended
1996 Repaired
National Rail - UK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Manchester Victoria from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Please note: methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Manchester Victoria station in Manchester, England is the city's second largest mainline railway station. It is also a Metrolink station, one of eight within the City Zone. It is situated to the north of the city centre on Hunts Bank, close to Manchester Cathedral.

The station serves destinations north and east of Manchester, with some trains to Liverpool (mostly on the original Manchester to Liverpool line). The line from Bury was converted to light-rail operation in the early 1990s when the Metrolink tram system was created, and the trams switch to on-street running once they emerge from Victoria Station. Current plans for Phase 3 of Metrolink involve the conversion of the rail routes from Victoria to Rochdale via Oldham to light rail. Most trains calling at the station are operated by Northern Rail, except during engineering works, when some trains are diverted from Manchester Piccadilly.

Contents

History

In 1838 Samuel Brooks, vice-chairman of the Manchester and Leeds Railway (M&LR) bought land at Hunt's Bank close to the cathedral and presented it to the company for a station to replace the inconveniently located Manchester Oldham Road railway station opened by the company on 3 July 1839. The station was initially a long low single-storey building designed by George Stephenson and completed by John Brogden[1] on 1 January 1844. It was named Victoria by permission of Her Majesty. The long single platform handled M&LR trains to Leeds and elsewhere at its eastern end. The Liverpool and Manchester Railway extended its line from Ordsall, near the original Manchester Liverpool Road railway station, and its trains operated from Victoria's western end from 4 May 1844.[2]

Railway Clearing House map of central Manchester railways in 1910
Platforms 11 (left) and 12 (right), looking west towards Manchester Exchange in 1948
View eastward at Victoria East Junction in 1948
View eastward, from the end of Platform 11 in 1955
Platform 12, as seen looking north-east from Platform 3 of Manchester Exchange in 1960
LMS 'Patriot' 4-6-0 entering the station in 1960
Eastbound local train from Manchester Exchange passing Victoria Station in 1960
A local train waiting to leave for Southport in 1962

By the mid-1840s six railway companies operated from the station connecting Manchester to London, Glasgow, Liverpool, Leeds and Sheffield. Victoria Station came to dominate the Long Millgate area and was one of the biggest passenger stations in Britain.

Victoria was enlarged by William Dawes, who is responsible for most of the remaining facade, in 1909. The enlarged building was erected on land originally consecrated as a burial ground on 1 January 1815 by the Bishop of Chester; this land had been acquired by the Manchester and Leeds Railway in 1844.[3] It eventually boasted 17 platforms. Wealthy commuters travelled here from Blackpool and Southport rather faster than is possible today (e.g. 45 minutes from Southport in 1910, 67 today; and 65 minutes from Blackpool in 1910, 77 today) in specially-constructed club cars hauled by express steam locomotives. These non-stop services were abandoned in the early 1960s.

The Edwardian building has a 160 yards (146 m) facade, which carries an iron and glass canopy bearing the names of the original destinations served, and a tile mural depicting the routes of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, which operated most of the trains from the station between 1847 and 1923, when it became one of the main constituents of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. The canopies served as a covered waiting area for taxi cabs until they were damaged in the Provisional IRA 1996 bombing. They have been restored. The cast-iron train sheds behind the façade are 700 yards (640 m) long. Initially the station was approached by a wooden footbridge over the River Irk, which has subsequently disappeared beneath culverting alongside the cathedral.

From 1884, Victoria Station was adjacent to Manchester Exchange Station, operated by the rival London and North Western Railway, and, from 1929, a single passenger platform linked the stations; this was the longest passenger platform in Europe at 2,194 feet (669 m). Exchange Station was closed in 1969 and its services were transferred to Victoria. Its site opposite the cathedral is now a car park.

In the early 1970s, as part of the Picc-Vic tunnel project, there were proposals to build an underground station, Victoria Low Level.[4] The project was cancelled and subsequent rail improvements concentrated on surface projects and the introduction of light rail.

Victoria is the main station for the adjacent Manchester Evening News Arena, which was joined to the station between 1992 and 1996 by means of a raft above the through rail platforms. The principal access to the MEN Arena is via stairs on Hunts Bank although there is an entrance from the main station concourse.

Facilities

The station has a barber's shop, newsagents, coffee bars and buffet. Network Rail aims to lease offices on the first and second floors to businesses. In 2009 the station was identified as one of the ten worst category B interchange stations for its fabric and environment. Victoria was set to receive a £5m share of the £50m 'Better Stations' Network Rail funding for improvements; this was cancelled in the June 2010 budget cuts, but a replacement funding package has since been arranged.[5]

Station refurbishment

In November 2009, it was announced that Manchester Victoria was officially the worst station in Britain. As a result, the transport secretary, Lord Adonis, announced that, along with nine others, it would receive an urgent injection of £50 million and an emergency rebuilding programme.[6]

It is intended to build new west-facing platforms for terminating services to and from Yorkshire and the Humber. New shops and cafés will be included. After agreeing a £30 million funding package with Manchester City Council and the North West Development Agency, Network Rail will replace the roof, refurbish the station toilets, and install new passenger help points and wind-break shelters on Platforms 3-6.[7] However, as part of cuts announced by the coalition government, a £5 million grant from the Department for Transport was withdrawn, making the project uncertain.[8]

On 16 February 2010 it was reported that Network Rail intended to refurbish Manchester Victoria as part of the Northern Hub improvement proposals. The station will become an interchange for local and regional services throughout the North West of England.[citation needed] In August 2010, Network Rail announced that the refurbishment of Victoria Station would go ahead, despite the government withdrawing £5 million funding from the scheme.[9]

Services

Northern Rail train

Manchester Victoria is served by a single train operating company, Northern Rail. It is occasionally used by First Transpennine Express and CrossCountry services during engineering works.

Northern Rail operates Class 142 pacers and 150 or 156 Sprinter DMUs on most train services around Manchester, while the Leeds Calder Valley services are usually operated by Class 155 or 158 Sprinter DMUs. The Leeds via Dewsbury services mainly use 3-car Class 144 Monday - Friday, although at weekends this service sees other classes on the route such as a pair of Class 153 DMUs or Class 150 or 155. Because of a shortage of rolling stock, Class 180s are often used on Blackpool services, an example of high-speed trains capable of 125 mph being used on slow stopping services.

Manchester Victoria is used by Transpennine Express as a diversionary route and alternative station when the route through Manchester Piccadilly is unavailable as a result of engineering works. Night services between Manchester Airport and York run via Manchester Victoria, although they do not stop. They then run via Ashton-under-Lyne to rejoin the usual route at Stalybridge, or continue through Rochdale and Hebden Bridge before reaching Huddersfield.

Service summary

Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Kearsley, Farnworth, Moses Gate, Bolton and Wigan Wallgate
Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Westhoughton, Hindley and Wigan Wallgate
Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Swinton, Moorside, Walkden, Atherton, Hag Fold, Daisy Hill, Hindley, Ince, Wigan Wallgate, Pemberton, Orrell, Upholland, Rainford and Kirkby
Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Swinton, Walkden, Atherton, Daisy Hill, Hindley, Wigan Wallgate, Gathurst, Appley Bridge, Parbold, Hoscar, Burscough Bridge, New Lane, Bescar Lane, Meols Cop and Southport

Note that the Monday - Saturday peak 17:06 is a faster Wigan Wallgate service, which calls only at:

Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Atherton, Daisy Hill, Wigan Wallgate, Gathurst, Appley Bridge, Parbold, Burscough Bridge, Meols Cop and Southport.
Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Lostock, Horwich Parkway, Blackrod, Adlington, Chorley, Leyland, Preston, Kirkham and Wesham, Poulton-le-Flylde, Layton and Blackpool North
Salford Central, Salford Crescent, Bolton, Hall-i-th-Wood, Bromley Cross, Darwen, Blackburn, Ramsgreave & Wilpshire, Langho, Whalley and Clitheroe
Moston, Mills Hill, Castleton and Rochdale
Eccles, Patricroft, Newton-le-Willows, Earlestown, St. Helens Junction, Lea Green, Rainhill, Whiston, Huyton, Roby, Broad Green, Wavertree Tech Park, Edge Hill and Liverpool Lime Street
Ashton-under-Lyne and Stalybridge
Ashton-under-Lyne, Stalybridge, Mossley, Greenfield, Marsden, Slaithwaite and Huddersfield
  • 2tph to Leeds calling at:
Rochdale, Smithy Bridge (1tph), Littleborough (1tph), Walsden (1tph), Todmorden, Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd (1tph), Sowerby Bridge (1tph), Halifax, Bradford Interchange, New Pudsey, Bramley and Leeds
Moston, Mills Hill , Castleton, Rochdale, Smithy Bridge, Littleborough, Walsden (1800 service only), Todmorden, Hebden Bridge, Mytholmroyd, Sowerby Bridge, Brighouse, Mirfield , Ravensthorpe (Peak Hours only) , Dewsbury , Batley , Morley , Cottingley (peak hours only) and Leeds

Electrification

In July 2009, it was announced that the line between Manchester and Liverpool (via Earlestown) will be electrified at 25 kV ac (overhead line). Class 319 EMUs will be used on services from Victoria and Piccadilly to Liverpool Lime Street. The project is expected to be completed within four years.

Victoria Metrolink station

Manchester metrolink logo.PNG Victoria
Manchester Metrolink
Victoria Station, Manchester - geograph.org.uk - 521465.jpg
Victoria station, showing a tram entering. The platforms are off-shot.
Location
Place Manchester city centre
Local authority Manchester
Fare zone information
Metrolink Zone D (City)
Conversion to Metrolink operation 4 June 1992
Tramway template.pngUK Trams portal


A tram departs from Victoria heading into the city

Manchester Victoria is served by Manchester's Metrolink light rail system, at the northern edge of the City Centre zone, forming part of the Bury Line. Metrolink services run through Victoria to Bury, Altrincham and Piccadilly. Trams enter Victoria station from Shudehill Interchange by crossing Corporation Street and Long Millgate and passing through a specially constructed arch in the station wall. From there they curve right and stop at the Metrolink platforms.

The Metrolink station is at the southern end of Victoria station, near the exits, and occupies the site of the former Bury electric train platforms. The Metrolink station was originally built with three platforms, denoted A, B and C; Platform A, close to the point where the trams enter the station, was used for Bury-bound trams, but is now closed to public use due to leaks in the station roof. Platforms B and C, located on a single island platform further along the tracks, are now used, and passengers must cross the tram lines to reach these platforms.

The Metrolink system was opened in 1992, the result of a long-running project to link the two main rail stations in Manchester, Piccadilly and Victoria, with a rail line running across the city.[10] Previous proposals involving an underground railway were abandoned due to costs, but Greater Manchester Council instead secured funding for a light rail solution. The original system was based on the conversion of selected British Rail lines to light rail operation, linked by on-street tram tracks. The Bury line to Victoria opened as a Metrolink line in 1992, replacing former heavy rail services with Metrolink trams.

Future

As part of the Phase 3 of the Metrolink expansion project, it is planned to extend the tram network to Rochdale by converting most of the Oldham Loop Line to light rail operation. The conversion of the line will involve electrification of the route and replacing diesel Pacer and Sprinter train services with the new generation of Flexity Swift trams. The Rochdale line expected to come into service around 2011/2012.[11] Further expansion of the line will see the addition of a Metrolink branch via the old branch line via Oldham Central, the extension of the northern end of the line via a tram line into Rochdale Town Centre and a second city crossing via Exchange Square to St Peter's Square which would require additional platforms to be built to more easily accommodate terminating services.

Gallery

References

Notes
  1. ^ Marshall, J.D. (1970). The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, volume 1. David and Charles. p. 56. ISBN 0715343521. 
  2. ^ Ferneyhough 1980, p. 105
  3. ^ Axon 1886, p. 147
  4. ^ SELNEC PTE (October 1971). SELNEC Picc-Vic Line. SELNEC PTE.  publicity brochure
  5. ^ "£50m revamp for 'worst stations'". BBC News Online (London). 17 November 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8363621.stm. Retrieved 2009-11-17. 
  6. ^ Pank, Philip (17 November 2009). "Lord Adonis orders all change for Britain's slum railway stations". The Times (London). http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/transport/article6919167.ece. Retrieved 2009-11-17. 
  7. ^ RAIL issue 641
  8. ^ "Manchester Victoria station's £30m revamp now uncertain". BBC News Online. 25 May 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/manchester/10154987.stm. 
  9. ^ "Victoria revamp to get go-ahead despite cash blow". Manchester Evening News. 4 August 2010. http://menmedia.co.uk/manchestereveningnews/news/transport/s/1312978_victoria_revamp_to_get_goahead_despite_cash_blow. 
  10. ^ Greater Manchester Passenger Transport Executive (1984). Light Rapid Transit in Greater Manchester. GMPTE.  - publicity brochure
  11. ^ Linton, Deborah (13 May 2009). "£1.4bn transport deal unveiled". Manchester Evening News. http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/news/s/1115242_14bn_transport_deal_unveiled. Retrieved 2009-05-17. 
Bibliography

External links

Preceding station   Manchester Metrolink Manchester Metrolink   Following station
towards Altrincham
Altrincham - Bury Line
Weekday 10am-4pm only
towards Bury
Abraham Moss
All other times
towards Bury
towards Piccadilly
Bury - Piccadilly Line
Weekday 10am-4pm only
towards Bury
Abraham Moss
All other times
towards Bury
St Werburgh's Road - Victoria Line Terminus
    Under construction    
towards East Didsbury
South Manchester Line Terminus
Terminus Oldham and Rochdale Line
towards Rochdale Town Centre
    Proposed    
Exchange Square
towards Altrincham
Altrincham - Bury Line
Second City Crossing
Queens Road
towards Bury
towards Piccadilly
Bury - Piccadilly Line
National Rail National Rail
Terminus Northern Rail
Northern Rail
Northern Rail
Manchester-Preston Line
Terminus
Northern Rail
Northern Rail
Manchester-Southport Line
Northern Rail
Monday-Saturday only
Northern Rail
Manchester-Liverpool Line
    Historical Railways    
Terminus L&YR
L&YR
London and North Western Railway
Manchester-Liverpool Line
Terminus

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manchester Victoria Station — Manchester Victoria Aussenansicht des Bahnhofs Daten Bahnsteiggleise 6 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manchester Piccadilly station — Manchester Piccadilly …   Wikipedia

  • Manchester railway station — could refer to: United Kingdom Manchester Piccadilly railway station Manchester Victoria railway station Manchester Oxford Road railway station USA Manchester (MBTA station) See also List of railway stations in Greater Manchester …   Wikipedia

  • Manchester Piccadilly Station — Eingang zum Bahnhof Manchester Piccadilly Manchester Piccadilly ist der Hauptbahnhof der britischen Stadt Manchester und liegt an der West Coast Main Line. Es verkehren Züge unter anderem nach London, Birmingham, Cardiff …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victoria station — may refer to:Railway stations*London Victoria station, a National Rail and London Underground station in London *Manchester Victoria station *Sheffield Victoria station *Nottingham Victoria station *Southend Victoria station *Square Victoria, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Victoria Station — Verschiedene Bahnhöfe tragen den Namen Victoria (engl. Victoria station): Bahnhof Victoria (London) Bahnhof Manchester Victoria Bahnhof Sheffield Victoria Bahnhof Nottingham Victoria Bahnhof Southend Victoria der Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Swinton (Manchester) railway station — Infobox UK station name = Swinton (Gr Manchester) code = SNN manager = Northern Rail locale = Swinton borough = Salford usage0506 = 0.072 usage0607 = 0.075 platforms = 2 pte = Greater Manchester zone = start = Swinton (Manchester) railway station …   Wikipedia

  • Manchester Exchange railway station — Manchester Exchange A postcard illustration of Manchester Exchange railway station in 1904, seen looking up Cathedral Approach Location …   Wikipedia

  • Manchester Evening News Arena — M.E.N. Arena, Manchester Arena …   Wikipedia

  • Manchester — This article is about the city of Manchester in England. For the wider metropolitan county, see Greater Manchester. For the larger conurbation, see Greater Manchester Urban Area. For other uses, see Manchester (disambiguation). Coordinates …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.