- Rufus Isaacs, 1st Marquess of Reading
name = The Marquess of Reading
GCB, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, PC, KC
imagesize = 200 px
order1 = Viceroy of India
2 April 1921
3 April 1926
monarch1 = George V
David Lloyd George Andrew Bonar Law Stanley Baldwin Ramsay Macdonald
predecessor1 = The Lord Chelmsford
successor1 = The Earl of Lytton
order2 = Foreign Secretary
25 August 1931
5 November 1931
monarch2 = George V
successor2 = Sir John Simon
10 October 1860
30 December 1935
nationality = British
party = Liberal
religion = Jewish
profession = jurist, politician
spouse = Alice Edith Cohen (1887-1927)
Stella Charnaud ( -1935)
The son of a Jewish fruit merchant at
Spitalfields, Isaacs entered the family business at the age of fifteen. In 1876-7 he served as a ships-boy and later worked as a jobber on the stock-exchange, 1880-4. He was called to the bar, the Middle Temple, in 1887. ["The Concise Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford University Press, 1992.] A prosperous lawyer, Isaacs made his name in the Bayliss v. Coleridge libel suit in 1903,Gratzer, Walter. "Eurekas and Euphorias: The Oxford Book of Scientific Anecdotes". Oxford University Press, 2004, p. 226.] and the Whitaker Wrightcase in 1904. In 1904, he entered the House of Commons as Liberal Party Member of Parliament(MP) for the Reading constituency, a seat he held until 1913. During this period, he served as both Solicitor General and Attorney-Generalin the governments of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannermanand Herbert Henry Asquith, becoming the first Attorney-General to sit in the Cabinet in 1912. In 1913, he was made Lord Chief Justice, a position in which he served until 1921.
In 1918, Isaacs was appointed Ambassador to the United States, a position in which he served until 1919, while continuing at the same time as Lord Chief Justice. In 1921, he resigned the chief justiceship to become
Viceroy of India. Although he preferred a conciliatory policy, he ended up using force on several occasions, and imprisoned Mahatma Gandhiin 1922. In MacDonald's National Government in August 1931, he briefly served as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, but stood down after the first major reshuffle in November due to ill-health.
Isaacs lived at
Foxhill Housein Earley, adjoining Reading, and was elevated to the Peerageas Baron Reading, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, in 1914, and continued to rise in the Peerage: he was created Viscount Reading, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, in 1916; Earl of Reading along with the subsidiary title of Viscount Erleigh, of Erleigh in the County of Berkshire, in 1917; and eventually Marquess of Reading in 1926. This is the highest rank in the Peerage reached by a Jewin British history.
Isaacs married Alice Edith Cohen in 1887.Lady Reading was a chronic invalid, who eventually died of cancer a year after Reading's viceroyalty ended. He then married Stella Charnaud, the first Lady Reading's secretary.
He assumed the surname Rufus Isaacs, which is still used by his male-line descendants.
Along with Alfred Mond and Herbert Samuel, Isaacs was a founding chairman of the precursor to the
Israel Electric Corporationin the British Mandate of Palestine. The Reading Power Stationin Tel-Aviv, Israel, was named in his honour.
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Reading, Rufus Daniel Isaacs, 1st Marquess of, Earl Of Reading, Viscount Erleigh Of Erleigh, Viscount Reading Of Erleigh, Baron Reading Of Erleigh — ▪ British statesman born Oct. 10, 1860, London, Eng. died Dec. 30, 1935, London politician, lord chief justice of England, and diplomat. Called to the bar in 1887, Isaacs built a prosperous practice, representing trade unions as well… … Universalium
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Reading — I. /ˈrɛdɪŋ/ (say reding) noun Rufus Daniel Isaacs, 1st Marquess of, 1860–1935, lord chief justice of England 1913–21; viceroy of India 1921–26. II. /ˈrɛdɪŋ/ (say reding) noun 1. a town in southern England, west of London, in Reading unitary… … Australian English dictionary
Stella Isaacs, Marchioness of Reading — and Baroness Swanborough GBE (6 January 1894, Constantinople ndash;22 May 1971, Sussex, England), née Stella Charnaud, was a British political figure and founder and chairman of the Women s Voluntary Service (WVS), known as of 1956 as the WRVS… … Wikipedia