Abu-al-Faraj ibn Al-Jawzi


Abu-al-Faraj ibn Al-Jawzi

Infobox_Muslim scholars | notability = Muslim scholar| era = Islamic golden age| color = #cef2e0 |


| image_caption = |
| name = Abd-al-Rahman ibn Ali ibn Muhammad
title= Abu-al-Faraj ibn Al-Jawzi| birth = 508 AH Fact|date=February 2007| death = AH|597|1201 [ Robinson:2003:XV] | Maddhab = Hanbali [http://www.as-sahwah.com/viewarticle.php?articleID=1277& IslamicAwakening.Com: Ibn al-Jawzi: A Lifetime of Da'wah ] ] | school tradition=
Ethnicity = Arab
Region = | main_interests = History, Tafsir, Hadith and Fiqh| notable idea=
works = A Great Collection of Fabricated Traditions
influences = | influenced = Abd al-Ghani al-Maqdisi, d 600 AH
Sibt ibn al-Jawzi, d 654 AH [ Robinson:2003:XV]
Ibn Qudama al-Maqdisi
Diya al-Din al-Maqdisi [ [http://www.sunnah.org/history/Scholars/ibn_aljawzi.htm Ibn Al-Jawzi ] ]
|

Abu-al-Faraj Ibn Al-Jawzi (508 AH-597 AH) was an Islamic scholar whose family traces their lineage back to that of Abu Bakr, the famous companion of the prophet Muhammad. He was of the Hanbali school of jurisprudential thought.

Etymology

His full name was Abd-al-Rahman ibn Ali ibn Muhammad ( _ar. عبد الرحمن بن علي بن محمد) ibn `Ubayd Allah ibn `Abd Allah ibn Hammadi ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ja`far ibn `Abd Allah ibn al-Qasim ibn al-Nadr ibn al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn `Abd Allah ibn al-Faqih `Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Faqih al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr, the first khalifah.

Biography

He was known for his works in exegesis of the Qur'an as well as his numerous hadith writings. One of the more famous of the latter is his "Tahqiq", a compendium of both the hadith evidences used by the Hanbali school of jurisprudential thought and a work of compartive law (Arabic: فقه Fiqh).

Works

Ibn al-Jawzi is perhaps "the" most voluminous author in Islamic history. Al-Dhahabi states: “I have not known anyone amongst the ‘ulama to have written as much as he (Ibn al-Jawzi) did.”

*Al-Tahqiq (Arabic: التحقيق) mentioned above
*A Great Collection of Fabricated Traditions (Al-Mawdu'at al-Kubra) (Arabic: الموضوعات الكبرى)
*Al-Mutazim fi Tarikh al-Umam translates as: A categorical collection of the history of the nations (Arabic: المنتظم في تأريخ الأمم)
*Provision of the journey(Arabic: زاد المسير ) the second of his three works of exegesis on the Quran. The third in the series, entitled "al-Mughni fi al-Tafsir" (المغني في التفسير) is lost. The first has recently been published.

Quranic Sciences

* Al-Mughni fi al-Tafsir, 81 parts
*Zad al-Masir fi ‘Ilm al-Tafsir, 4 volumes
*Taysir al-Bayan fi Tafsir al-Quran
*Tadhkirat al-Arib fi Tafsir al-Gharib
*Gharib al-Gharib
*Nuzhat al-‘Uyun al-Nawadhir fi al-Wujuh wa al-Nadha’ir
*Al-Wujuh wa al-Nawadhir fi al-Wujuh wa al-Nadha’ir, a summary of Nuzhat al-‘Uyun al-Nawadhir
*Al-Ishara ila al-Qira’at al-Mukhtara, 4 parts
* Tadhkirat al-Mutanabbih fi ‘Uyun al-Mushtabih
* Funun al-Afnan fi ‘Uyun ‘Ulum al-Quran
* Ward al-Aghsan fi Funun al-Afnan
* ‘Umdat al-Rasikh fi Ma’rifat al-Mansukh wa al-Nasikh, 5 parts
* Al-Musaffa bi Akuffi Ahl al-Rusukh min ‘Ilm al-Nasikh wal-Mansukh

Theology

*Muntaqad al-Mu’taqid
*Minhaj al-Wusul ila ‘Ilm al-Usul, 5 parts
*Bayan Ghaflat al-Qa’il bi Qidam Af’al al-‘Ibad
*Ghawamidh al-Ilahiyat
*Maslak al-‘Aql
* Minhaj Ahl al-Isaba
*Al-Sirr al-Masun
* Daf’ Shubhat al-Tashbih, 4 parts
*Al-Radd ‘Ala al-Muta’assib al-‘Anid

Traditions and Asceticism

* Jami’ al-Asanid bi Alkhas al-Asanid
* Al-Hada’iq, 34 parts
* Naqiy al-Naql, 5 parts
* Al-Mujtab
* Al-Nuzha, 2 parts
* ‘Uyun al-Hikayat
* Multaqat al-Hikayat, 13 parts
* Irshad al-Muridin fi Hikayat al-Salaf al-Salihin
* Rawdhat al-Naqil
* Ghurar al-Athar, 30 parts
* Al-Tahqiq fi Ahadith al-Ta’liq, 2 volumes (ISBN 977-5704-48-0)
* Al-Madih, 7 parts
* Al-Mawdhu’at min al-Ahadith al-Marfu’at, 2 volumes
*Al-‘Ilal al-Mutanahiya fi al-Ahadith al-Wahiya, 2 volumes
* Ikhbar Ahl al-Rusukh fi al-Fiqh wal-Tahdith bi Miqdar al-Mansukh min al-Hadith (ISBN 977-14-2005-4)
* Al-Sahm al-Musib, 2 parts
* Akhyar al-Dhakha’ir, 3 parts
* Al-Fawa’id ‘an al-Shuyukh, 60 parts
* Manaqib Ashab al-Hadith
* Mawt al-Khidhr
* Mukhtasar Mawt al-Khidhr
* Al-Mashyikha
* Al-Musalsalat
* Al-Muhtasab fi al-Nasab
* Tuhfat al-Tullab, 3 parts
* Tanwir Mudlahim al-Sharaf
* Al-Alqab
* Fadha’il ‘Umar b. al-Khattab
* Fadha’il ‘Umar b. ‘Abd al-‘Aziz
* Fadha’il Sa’id b. al-Musayyab
* Fadha’il al-Hasan al-Basri
* Manaqib al-Fudhayl b. ‘Ayadh, 4 parts
* Manaqib Bishr al-Hafi, 7 parts
* Manaqib Ibrahim b. Adham, 6 parts
* Manaqib Sufyan al-Thawri
*Manaqib Ahmad b. Hanbal
* Manaqib Ma’ruf al-Karkhi, 2 parts
* Manaqib Rabi’a al-‘Adawiyya
* Muthir al-‘Azm al-Sakin ila Ashraf al-Amakin (ISBN 977-5227-59-3)
*Safwat al-Safwa, 5 parts, abridgment of Hilyat al-Awliya’ by Abu Nu’aym
*Minhaj al-Qasidin, 4 parts
*Al-Mukhtar min Akhbar al-Akhyar
*Al-Qati’ li Muhal al-Lijaj bi Muhal al-Hallaj, a rebuttal against the supporters of al-Hallaj, the pantheist who was executed by the agreement of the jurists from four schools.
* ‘Ujalat al-Muntadhar li Sharh Hal al-Khidhr
* Al-Nisa’ wa ma yata’alluq bi adabihin
* ‘Ilm al-Hadith al-Manqul fi Anna Aba Bakr Amma al-Rasul
* Al-Jawhar
*Al-Mughlaq

History

*Talqih Fuhum Ahl al-Athar fi ‘Uyun al-Tawarikh wa al-Siyar
*Al-Muntadham fi Tarikh al-Muluk wal-Umam, 10 volumes
*Shudhur al-‘Uqud fi Tarikh al-‘Uhud
*Tara’if al-Dhara’if fi Tarikh al-Sawalif
*Manaqib Baghdad

Fiqh

* al-Insaf fi Masa’il al-Khilaf
* Junnat al-Nadhir wa Jannat al-Nadhar
* ‘Umad al-Dala’il fi Mushtahar al-Masa’il
* Al-Mudhab fi al-Madhab
* Masbuk al-Dhahab
* Al-Nubdha
* Al-‘Ibadat al-Khams
* Asbab al-Hidaya li Arbab al-Bidaya
* Kashf al-Dhulma ‘an al-Dhiya’ fi Radd Da’wa Ilkiya
* Radd al-Lawm al-Dhaym fi Sawm Yawm al-Ghaym

Art of Preaching (wa’dh)

* al-Yawaqit fi al-Khutab
* al-Muntakhab fi al-Nuwab
* Muntakhab al-Muntakhab
* Muntakhal al-Muntakhab
* Nasim al-Riyadh
* Al-Lu’lu’
* Kanz al-Mudhakkir
* Al-Azaj
* Al-Lata’if
* Kunuz al-Rumuz
* Al-Muqtabis
* Zayn al-Qisas
* Mawafiq al-Marafiq (ISBN 2-7451-3464-7)
* Shahid wa Mashhud
* Wasitat al-‘Uqud min Shahid wa Mashhud
* Al-Lahab, 2 parts
* Al-Mudhish
* Saba Najd
* Muhadathat al-‘Aql
* Laqt al-Juman
* Al-Muq’ad al-Muqim
* Iqadh al-Wasnan min al-Raqadat bi Ahwal al-Haywan wal-Nabat, 2 parts
* Nakt al-Majalis al-Badriyya, 2 parts
* Nuzhat al-Adib, 2 parts
* Muntaha al-Muntaha
* Tabsirat al-Mubtadi’, 20 parts
* Al-Yaquta, 2 parts (ISBN 977-5141-49-4)
* Tuhfat al-Wu’adh

Various sciences

* Dham al-Hawa, 2 volumes
* Sayd al-Khatir, 65 parts
* Ihkam al-Ish’ar bi Ahkam al-Ash’ar, 20 parts
* Al-Qussas al-Mudhakkirin (Also available in English: A critical edition, annotated translation and introduction by Merlin L. Swartz ASIN: B0007KE23O)
* Taqwim al-Lisan
* Al-Adhkiya
* Al-Hamqa
* Talbis Iblis, 2 volumes (A small part of the book has been translated and abridged into English by Dr. Bilal Philips)
* Laqt al-Manafi’ fi al-Tibb, 2 volumes
* Al-Shayb al-Khidhab
* A’mar al-A’yan
* Al-Thabat ‘ind al-Mamat, 2 parts
* Tanwir al-Ghabash fi Fadhl al-Sud wal-Habash, 2 parts
* Al-Hath ‘ala Hifdh al-‘Ilm wa Dhikr Kibar al-Huffadh
* Ashraf al-Mawali, 2 parts
* I’lam al-Ahya bi Aghlat al-Ihya, a criticism of Ihya ‘Ulum al-Din by al-Ghazzali
* Tahrim al-Muhill al-Makruh
* Al-Misbah al-Mudhi’ li Dawlat al-Imam al-Mustadhi’
* ‘Atf al-‘Ulama ‘ala al-Umara wal-Umara ‘ala al-‘Ulama
* Al-Nasr ‘Ala Misr
* Al-Majd al-‘Adhudi
* Al-Fajr al-Nuri
* Manaqib al-Sitr al-Rafi’
* Ma Qultuhu min al-Ash’ar
* Al-Maqamat
* Min Rasa’ili
* Al-Tibb al-Ruhani
* Bayan al-Khata wal-Sawab fi Ahadith Ibn Shihab, 16 parts
* Al-Baz al-Ashhab al-Munqadh ‘ala man Khalafa al-Madhab, a treatise in Fiqh, and not another title of Daf’ Shubah al-Tashbih according to Ibn Rajab.
* Al-Wafa bi Fadha’il al-Mustafa, 2 volumes
* Al-Nur fi Fadha’il al-Ayyam wal-Shuhur
* Taqrib al-Tariq al-Ab’ad fi Fadha’il Maqbarat Ahmad
* Manaqib al-Imam al-Shafi’i
* Al-‘Uzlah
* Al-Riyadha
* Minhaj al-Isaba fi Mahabat al-Sahaba
* Funun al-Albab
* Al-Dhurafa wal-Mutamajinin
* Manaqib Abi Bakr
* Manaqib ‘Ali
* Fadha’il al-‘Arab
* Durrat al-Iklil fi al-Tarikh, 4 volumes
* Al-Amthal
* Al-Manfa’ah fi al-Madhahib al-Arba’ah, 2 volumes
* Al-Mukhtar min al-Ash’ar, 10 volumes
* Ru’us al-Qawarir, 2 volumes
* Al-Murtajal fi al-Wa’dh
* Dhakhirat al-Wa’idh, several volumes
* Al-Zajr al-Makhuf
* Al-Ins wal-Mahabba
* Al-Mutrib al-Mulhib
* Al-Zand al-Wariy fi al-Wa’dh al-Nasiriy, 2 parts
* Al-Fakhir fi Ayyam al-Imam al-Nasir
* Al-Majd al-Salahi
* Lughat al-Fiqh, 2 parts
* ‘Aqd al-Khanasir fi Dhamm al-Khalifat al-Nasir
* Dhamm ‘Abd al-Qadir, a censure of ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Jaylani
* Gharib al-Hadith
* Mulah al-Ahadith, 2 parts
* Al-Fusul al-Wa’dhiya ‘ala Huruf al-Mu’jam
* Salwat al-Ahzan, 10 volumes
* Al-Ma’shuq fil-Wa’dh
* Al-Majalis al-Yusufiyya fil-Wa’dh
* Al-Wa’dh al-Maqbari
* Qiyam al-Layl, 3 parts
* Al-Muhadatha
* Al-Munaja
* Zahir al-Jawahir fil-Wa’dh, 4 parts
* Al-Nuhat al-Khawatim, 2 parts
* Al-Murtaqa li man Ittaqa
* Hawashi ‘ala Sihah al-Jawhari
* Mukhtasar Funun Ibn ‘Aqil, 10 odd volumes

Theology

Ibn al-Jawzi is famous for the theological stance that he took against other Hanbalites of the time, in particular Ibn al-Zaghuni and al-Qadi Abu Ya'la. He believed that these and other Hanbalites had gone to extremes in affirming God's Attributes, so much so that he accused them of tarnishing the reputation of Hanbalites and making it synonymous with extreme anthropomorphism. Ibn al-Jawzi believed that Imam Ahmad b. Hanbal himself disapproved of such theology. Ibn al-Jawzi's most famous work in this regard is his "Daff' Shubah al-Tashbih" (also incorrectly printed under the title "al-Baz al-Ashhab al-Munqaddu ala Mukhalifi al-Madhhab"; note that the relationship of the recently printed "Kitab Akhbar al-Sifat" of Merlin Swartz to this work is still a question of debate). There is a recent translation of this work under the title of " [http://www.amalpress.com/index.php?l_dis=publications&det=full&id=18 Attributes of God] " published by [http://www.amalpress.com/ Amal Press] .

ee also

*Sibt ibn al-Jawzi
*Notable Hanbali Scholars

Notes

References

*Robinson, Chase F. (2003), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521629365

External links

* [http://www.amalpress.com/index.php?l_dis=publications&det=full&id=18 The Attributes of God] 'Abd al-Rahman ibn al-Jawzi trans. Abdullah bin Hamid 'Ali published by [http://www.amalpress.com Amal Press]
* [http://www.hanbalis.com/index.php/Ibn_al-Jawzi The Most Comprehensive Biographical Note of Ibn al-Jawzi online]
* [http://www.as-sahwah.com/viewarticle.php?articleID=1277& Biography]


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