Congress of Lushnjë


Congress of Lushnjë

The Congress of Lushnjë (Albanian: Kongresi i Lushnjës) was held in five sessions on January 27-January 31, 1920 in Lushnjë, Albania by Albanian nationalists and had as its goal the study of the Albanian situation and the measures to be adopted in order to save Albania from being partitioned among other countries after World War I.[1] The Congress was held in the house of Kaso Fuga and it comprised delegates from all of Albania. Aqif Pashë Elbasani was elected as speaker of the Congress as he was held in high regard as a great patriot. It established the High Council (Këshilli i Lartë), the National Council (Këshilli Kombëtar), and moved the capital from Lushnjë to Tirana. The High Council was made up of Luigj Bumçi, Aqif Pashë Elbasani, Abdi Toptani, and Mihal Turtulli who would perform the function of the leaders of the new Albanian state, whereas the National Council would function as the Parliament.

The Congress was also concerned with the Government of Durrës that had the backing of the invading Italian army. It was alleged that Abdyl Ypi, the initiator of the Congress, had been assassinated by members of the Government of Durrës, who wanted to scare off the other delegates to the Congress. During its first session, the Congress decided unanimously on the downing of the Government of Durrës and the organization of armed against the Italian forces that were in control of part of southern Albania. The congress's decisions would eventually lead a few months to the Vlora War and as a result to the total withdrawal of the Italian army from Albania.

Cabinet

  • Ahmet Zogu – Minister of Internal Affairs
  • Mehmet Konica – Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Hoxhë Kadria – Minister of Justice
  • Ndoc Çoba – Minister of Finance
  • Sotir Peçi – Minister of Education
  • Ali Riza Kolonja – Minister of War
  • Eshref Frashëri – General Director of World Affairs
  • Idhomene Kosturi – General Director of the Post-Telegraph Agency.

References

  1. ^ Owen Pearson Albania and King Zog: independence, republic and monarchy 1908-1939 The Centre for Albanian Studies page 137-140 ([1])

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