- German declension
German declension is the paradigm that German uses to define all the ways words can change shape to reflect their role in the sentence: subject, object, etc. Much like other
Indo-European languages, German hangs on to a vestigial case system that marks an earlier time when the language was much more inflected. Declensions allow speakers to mark a difference between subjects, objects, indirect objects and possessives by changing the form of the word—or its associated article—instead of indicating this meaning through word order or prepositions (e.g. English, Spanish, French). As a result, German can take a much more fluid approach to word order without the meaning being obscured.
Modern High German distinguishes between four cases—nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive—and three
grammatical genders—feminine, masculine, and neuter. Nouns may also be either singular or plural.
Definite articles ["Handbuch zur deutschen Grammatik", Third Edition, p. 55]
These correspond to the English "the".
To illustrate, here is the complete paradigm of "mein" ("my").
the pronoun "man"
This is used when there is a preceding "ein"-word (i.e. words like "mein", "dein", "sein", "kein" etc.) or one that conjugates alike (like "unser" for example).
Notes and references
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Old High German declension — Old High German is an inflected language, and as such its nouns, pronouns, and adjectives must be declined in order to serve a grammatical function. A set of declined forms of the same word pattern is called a declension. There are five… … Wikipedia
German articles — have a feature called strength , which influences the declension of the adjectives. There are strong articles, weak articles, and articles that have strong and weak cases. Sometimes this feature is not constant in daily use.The inflected forms… … Wikipedia
Declension — In linguistics, declension is the inflection of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and articles to indicate number (at least singular and plural), case (nominative or subjective, genitive or possessive, etc.), and gender. A declension is also a group… … Wikipedia
German adjectives — In German grammar, the correct inflection of adjectives depends on the case, number and gender of the noun phrase, as well as what kind of determiner (if any) introduces the noun phrase.Like articles, adjectives use the same plural endings for… … Wikipedia
German language — German Deutsch Pronunciation [ˈdɔʏtʃ] Spoken in Primarily in German speaking Europe, as a minority language and amongst the German diaspora worldwide … Wikipedia
German nouns — A German noun has one of three specific grammatical genders (masculine, feminine, neuter) and belongs to one of three declension classes, only partly dependent of gender. A fourth declension is used for plural declension. These features remain… … Wikipedia
German grammar — This page outlines the grammar of the German language.GrammarGendersIn German all of the three genders of the Proto Indo European language have survived. The three genders are masculine ( männlich/Maskulinum ), feminine ( weiblich/Femininum ) and … Wikipedia
declension — de|clen|sion [dıˈklenʃən] n [Date: 1400 1500; : French; Origin: déclinaison, from Latin declinare to turn aside, inflect ] 1.) the set of various forms that a noun, ↑pronoun, or adjective can have according to whether it is the ↑subject, ↑object… … Dictionary of contemporary English
declension — noun (C) technical 1 the set of various forms that a noun, pronoun, or adjective can have according to whether it is the subject 1 (5), object 1 (6) etc of a sentence in a language such as Latin or German 2 a particular set of nouns etc that all… … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
Low German — Low Saxon Spoken in Germany, Denmark, Netherlands, United States, Canada Native speakers ≈5 million (date missing) Language fam … Wikipedia