- Miguel, Duke of Braganza
Miguel II Duke of Braganza Reign 19 September 1853— 31 July 1920 Predecessor Pedro II Successor Carlos I Spouse Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis
Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
House Braganza Father Miguel I of Portugal Mother Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg Born September 19, 1853
Kleinheubach, Kingdom of Bavaria
Died October 11, 1927(aged 74)
Miguel II of Braganza (Portuguese pronunciation: [miˈɣɛɫ]; full name Miguel Maria Carlos Egídio Constantino Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga Francisco de Paula e de Assis Januário de Bragança) (September 19, 1853 – October 11, 1927) was the Miguelist claimant to the throne of Portugal from 1866 to 1920. He used the title Duke of Braganza.
Miguel was born in Kleinheubach Castle near Miltenberg, Kingdom of Bavaria, during the exile in Germany of his father, former King Miguel I of Portugal. His mother was Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. He was a grandson of the famous Portuguese Queen Carlota Joaquina as well as John VI of Portugal.
By the Portuguese law of banishment of 1834 and the constitution of 1838 Miguel was forbidden to enter Portugal. Therefore, he was educated in Germany and Austria. He was a member of the staff of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria and took part in the occupation of Bosnia. It is said that the emperor Franz Joseph liked Miguel immensely and granted him the privilege of extraterritoriality that allowed him to remain Portuguese, despite the rejection of Portugal. His second son, Prince Francisco José of Braganza, was named after the Austrian Emperor, who was his godfather.
Miguel held the rank of a colonel in the 7th Austrian Regiment of Hussars. During World War I, he held the rank of Lieutenant General (Feldmarschalleutnant) in the Austrian army. He resigned in 1917 when Portugal entered the conflict on the opposite side, and spent the rest of the war as a civilian in the Order of Malta. After the end of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Miguel and his family were thrown into relative poverty.
On 31 July 1920, after quarrels with his eldest son (who contracted a controversial marriage to an American heiress), Miguel II abdicated his claims as king of Portugal in favour of his third son, Duarte Nuno, who was 13 years old at the time.
Miguel died in Seebenstein, on October 11, 1927. He is buried at Kloster Maria Himmelfahrt in Bronnbach.
Marriages and children
Miguel's first marriage, with Austrian Empress Elisabeth's niece Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis (May 28, 1860 - February 7, 1881) took place on October 17, 1877 in Regensburg. They had three children.
- Dom Miguel of Braganza, Infante of Portugal and Duke of Viseu (1878–1923), married Anita Stewart and had issue
- Dom Francis Joseph of Braganza (1879–1919), died unmarried and without issue
- Dom Maria Teresa of Braganza (1881–1945) married Prince Karl Ludwig of Thurn und Taxis and had issue
After the death of his first wife he married for a second time on 8 November 1893 at Kleinheubach with Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1870–1935), his first cousin. They had eight children.
- Dona Isabel Maria of Braganza (1894–1970), married Franz Joseph, 9th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and had issue
- Dona Maria Benedita of Braganza (1896–1971), died unmarried and without issue
- Dona Mafalda of Braganza (1898–1918), died unmarried and without issue
- Dona Maria Anna of Braganza (1899–1971), married Karl August, 10th Prince of Thurn and Taxis and had issue
- Dona Maria Antónia of Braganza (1903–1973), married Sidney Ashley Chanler (son of William Astor Chanler) and had issue
- Dona Filippa Maria of Braganza (1905–1990), died unmarried and without issue
- Dom Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza (1907–1976), married Princess Maria Francisca of Orléans-Braganza and had issue
- Dona Maria Adelaide of Braganza (born Saint-Jean-de-Luz, January 31, 1912), married in Vienna on November 13, 1945 Dutch Nicolaas Johannes Maria van Uden (Venlo, March 5, 1921 – Lisbon, February 5, 1991), a Medical Doctor, son of Adrian van Uden (Gerwen, May 7, 1893 – December 24, 1959) and wife Cornelia Antonia Baaijeens (Gorinchem, September 7, 1897 – June 15, 1979), daughter of Nicolaas Baaijeens (son of Johannes Baaijeens and wife) and wife Helena Dam, and had issue
Miguel was a knight of the Bavarian Order of St. Hubert and of the Austrian Order of the Golden Fleece.
Ancestors of Miguel, Duke of Braganza 16. John V of Portugal 8. Peter III of Portugal 17. Maria Anna of Austria 4. John VI of Portugal 18. Joseph I of Portugal 9. Maria I of Portugal 19. Infanta Mariana Victoria of Spain 2. Miguel I of Portugal 20. Charles III of Spain 10. Charles IV of Spain 21. Maria Amalia of Saxony 5. Charlotte of Spain 22. Philip, Duke of Parma 11. Maria Luisa of Parma 23. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France 1. Miguel II, Duke of Braganza 24. Dominic Constantine, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rochefort 12. Charles Thomas, Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 25. Princess Maria Leopoldina of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein 6. Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 26. Joseph Nicholas, Count of Windisch-Graetz 13. Countess Sophie of Windisch-Graetz 27. Princess Leopoldine of Arenberg 3. Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 28. Christian Albert, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 14. Charles Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 29. Princess Carolina of Stolberg-Gedern 7. Princess Agnes of Hohenlohe-Langenburg 30. John Christian II, Count of Solms-Baruth 15. Princess Amalie of Solms-Baruth 31. Countess Friederike of Reuss-KöstritzMiguel, Duke of BraganzaCadet branch of the House of AvizBorn: 19 September 1853 Died: 11 October 1927 Portuguese nobility VacantTitle last held byLuís Filipe, Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza Duke of Braganza
1910 – 1920
Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
Titles in pretence Preceded by
Miguel I of Portugal
— TITULAR —
King of Portugal
1866 – 1920
Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
Infantes of Portugal 1st GenerationInfante Henrique • Sancho I • Infante João 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th GenerationInfante Afonso, Lord of Leiria • Afonso IV 6th GenerationInfante Afonso • Infante Dinis • Peter I • Infante João 7th Generation 8th Generation 9th Generation 10th Generation 11th GenerationAfonso, Prince of Portugal • Infante João • Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal and Asturias^ • John III • Infante Luís, 5th Duke of Beja • Infante Fernando, Duke of Guarda and Trancoso • Cardinal-Infante Afonso • Henry, The Cardinal-King • Infante Duarte, 4th Duke of Guimarães • Infante António • Infante Carlos 12th GenerationAfonso, Prince of Portugal • Manuel, Prince of Portugal • Filipe, Prince of Portugal • Infante Dinis • John Manuel, Prince of Portugal • Infante António 13th Generation 14th Generation 15th GenerationBalthasar Charles, Prince of Portugal and Asturias* • Infante Francisco Fernando* • Teodósio, 1st Prince of Brazil • Afonso VI • Peter II 16th GenerationJoão, 3rd Prince of Brazil • John V • Infante Francisco, 7th Duke of Beja • Infante António • Infante Manuel, Count of Ourém • 17th Generation 18th Generationnone 19th Generation 20th Generation 21st Generation 22nd Generation 23rd Generation 24th Generation^also an infante of Castile and León, Aragon, Sicily and Naples, *also an infante of Spain, **claimant infante, ^^only prince or infante by marriage Pretenders to the Portuguese throne Miguelist LineKing Miguel (1834-1866)Duke Miguel (1866-1920)Duke Duarte Nuno (1920-1976)Duke Duarte Pio (1976-present) Deposed KingKing Manuel II (1910-1932)See also House of Braganza
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