Vermeil


Vermeil
A vermeil wine cooler manufactured in 1810 by Paul Storr is located in the Vermeil Room of the White House.

Vermeil (pronounced /ˈvɜrmɪl/ or /vərˈmeɪ/; French: [vɛʁˈmɛj]) is a combination of sterling silver, gold, and other precious metals, commonly used as a component in jewelry. A typical example is sterling silver coated with 14 carat (58%) gold. To be considered vermeil, the gold must be at least 10 carat (42%) and be at least 2.5 micrometres thick. In the US, sterling silver covered with a base metal (such as nickel) and plated with gold cannot be sold as vermeil without disclosing that it contains base metal.

The word "vermeil" is a French word which came into use in the English language, mostly in America, in the 19th century as an alternative for the usual term silver-gilt[1].

Vermeil can be produced by either fire-gilding or electrolysis. The original fire-gilding process was developed in France in the mid-18th century; however, France later banned the production of vermeil because over time artisans developed blindness due to mercury involved in the process. Today, vermeil is safely produced by electrolysis.

The White House has a collection of vermeil tableware kept on display (when not in use) in the Vermeil Room.

The Code of Federal Regulations 16, Part 23.5[2] defines Vermeil: "An industry product may be described or marked as 'vermeil' if it consists of a base of sterling silver coated or plated on all significant surfaces with gold or gold alloy of not less than 10 karat fineness, that is of substantial thickness and a minimum thickness throughout equivalent to two and one half (2½) microns (or approximately 1/10000ths of an inch) of fine gold."

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd. Edition (1989)
  2. ^ US Code of Federal Regulations, 16CFR23.5, Revised January 1, 2009

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  • vermeil — vermeil, eille [ vɛrmɛj ] adj. et n. m. • 1080; lat. vermiculus « vermisseau »; « cochenille, teinture écarlate », en bas latin I ♦ Adj. D un rouge vif et léger (du teint, de la peau). « Gros et gras, le teint frais, et la bouche vermeille »… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • vermeil — vermeil, eille 1. (vèr mèll, mè ll , ll mouillées) adj. 1°   Qui est d un rouge un peu plus foncé que l incarnat. •   Gros et gras, le teint frais et la bouche vermeille, MOL. Tart. I, 5. •   Ses blessures [de Jésus] toutes récentes, toutes… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • vermeil — VERMEIL, [verm]eille. adj. Qui est de couleur incarnate. Il se dit principalement des fleurs, & du teint. Rose vermeille. bouton vermeil. le teint vermeil, frais & vermeil. blanc & vermeil. bouche vermeille. lévres vermeilles. vermeille comme la… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • vermeil — Vermeil, Ruber, Rubicundus. Vermeil, est aucunesfois substantif, comme le vermeil de tes jouës. Ronsard. Estre vermeil, Rubere. Devenir vermeil, Rubescere …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Vermeil — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Edmond Vermeil (1878–1964), französischer Germanist Siehe auch: Vermeil, Silberlegierung mit Gold, siehe Silber Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vermeil — Ver meil, n. [F., vermilion, fr. LL. vermiculus, fr. L. vermiculus a little worm, the coccus Indicus, from vermis a worm. See {Worm}, and cf. {Vermicule}.] 1. Vermilion; also, the color of vermilion, a bright, beautiful red. [Poetic & R.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vermeil — VERMÉI/ I. adj., s. n. (de) culoare roşu închis. II. s. m. argint aurit. (< fr. vermeil) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • vermeil — [vʉr′mil] n. [ME vermayle < OFr vermeil < LL(Ec) vermiculus, kermes < L, dim. of vermis, a red WORM] 1. [Obs. or Old Poet.] the color vermilion 2. gilded or gold colored copper, bronze, or silver adj. [Obs. or Old Poet.] vermilion …   English World dictionary

  • Vermeil — (fr., spr. Wermelj), 1) röthliche Farbe; 2) im Feuer vergoldetes Silber, s.u. Vergoldung D) b); 3) eine Art Goldperlen; 4) so v. w. Goldfirniß …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vermeil [1] — Vermeil (franz., spr. wermäj), vergoldetes Silber. V als Adjektiv bedeutet soviel wie hoch oder purpurrot, z. B. Mer Vermeille, »Purpurmeer«, der Busen von Kalifornien …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vermeil [2] — Vermeil (Vermeilgranat, Vermeille), ein dem Hessonit, Almandin und Pyrop ähnlicher Granat (s. d.), dessen Farbe dunkelrot mit Stich ins Orange, bräunlichrot bis burgunderrot ist. Orientalischer Vermeille, soviel wie orientalischer Hyazinth… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon