- Transport in Tajikistan
Tajikistan's transportationsystem was built during the Soviet era, and since that time the system has deteriorated badly because of insufficient investment and maintenance. Neither the Sovietsystem nor subsequently built infrastructure addressed the topographical division between the northern and southern regions of the country. Beginning in 2005, a series of major transportation projects sought to rectify this problem. The first such project, the Anzob Tunnel, was completed in 2006, providing a year-round road link from Dushanbeto northern Tajikistan. Air transport is considered unreliable. [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Tajikistan.pdf Tajikistan country profile] . Library of Congress Federal Research Division(January 2007). "This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain."]
railroadsystem totals only 480 kilometers of track, all of it broad gauge. The system connects the main urban centers of western Tajikistan with points in neighboring Uzbekistanand Turkmenistan. In 2000 a new line connected the southern cities of Qurghonteppaand Kulob. Passenger transit through Tajikistan has been hindered by periodic failures of Tajik Railways to pay transit tariffs and by safety issues. Highways
Tajikistan has an estimated 30,000 kilometers of roads, nearly all of which were built before 1991. One main north-south artery runs across the mountains between the northwestern city of
Khujandand Dushanbe. A second main artery runs east from Dushanbe to Khorogin the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province, then northeast across the mountains to the Kyrgyz city of Osh. Because the Khujand–Dushanbe route is closed in winter, the Anzob Tunnel was built to bypass the mountain crossing and open a route connecting Tashkent( Uzbekistan) and points north with Afghanistanand Pakistanto the south, via Tajikistan.
China has invested approximately $720 million for infrastructure improvements in Tajikistan, including the rebuilding, widening and improvement of the road between Dushanbe and Khujand which as of August 2007 is proceeding using equipment, labor, and oversight from China. [cite web
title= TAJIKISTAN: A CHINESE ROAD TO THE FUTURE?
In mid-2005 construction began on a bridge across the
Panj Riverto Afghanistanwhich was funded by the United Statesand opened in August of 2007CIA World Factbook. [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ti.html Tajikistan] ] , and plans called for construction of several other bridges ultimately connecting Tajikistan to warm-water ports to the south.
Tajikistan’s 549 kilometers of gas pipeline bring
natural gasfrom Uzbekistan to Dushanbe and transport gas between points in Uzbekistan across northwestern Tajikistan. Tajikistan also has 38 kilometers of oil pipeline.
Ports and waterways
Tajikistan has no access to the sea and no navigable inland waterways.
In 2007 Tajikistan had 26 airports, 18 of which had paved runways and two with runways longer than 3,000 meters. The largest airport, at Dushanbe, has flights to only a few international destinations. Few flights connect Dushanbe with Tashkent, which is the nearest airport offering connections to major European destinations. The next-largest airports are at Khujand and Kulob. State-run
Tajik Air, whose safety record has been questionable, offers flights to other Central Asiancountries, with the exception of Uzbekistan, and weekly flights to Germanyand Russia.
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