Henrique Pousão

Henrique Pousão

Infobox Artist
bgcolour = #EEDD82
name = Henrique Pousão

imagesize = 200px
caption = Henrique Pousão
birthname = Henrique César de Araújo Pousão
birthdate = birth date|1859|1|1|mf=y
location = Lisboa, Portugal
deathdate = death date and age|1884|3|20|1859|1|1|mf=y
deathplace = Vila Viçosa
nationality = Portuguese
field = painting
training = Academy of Fine Arts
movement = Naturalism
works = See Gallery [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Henrique_Pousão]
patrons =
awards =

Henrique César de Araújo Pousão (Vila Viçosa, 1 January 1859 - Vila Viçosa, 20 March 1884) was a Portuguese painter.


Henrique Pousão was the son of a judge, from a wealthy family of Alentejo. His early talent manifested at the age of ten, when he copied a portrait of Rubens. In 1872 he enrolled in the Fine Arts Academy of Porto, graduating in 1879 with excellent grades and numerous prizes.

After graduation, Pousão travelled to France and studied at the Fine Art Academy of Paris under Adolphe Yvon and Cabanel. But he suffered from tuberculosis, and under his doctor's advice left Paris for Italy, hoping that the warmer climate might relieve his condition. In 1882 he established a studio in Rome on the "Via dei Portoghesi", moving later to Naples and Capri. Some of his major works were painted during his time in Italy. In 1884, still unwell, he returned to Portugal, where he died that year.


Pousão belonged to the naturalist generation, like António Silva Porto and João Marques de Oliveira, though his work was not so closely related as theirs to impressionism. In Paris he appears to have been influenced by Manet, especially in his use of black in equal proportion to other colours. Some critics have seen in his landscape works, rendered in a looser, expressive style, a prelude to modern art and abstraction. This approach appears in the abstract plains of colour and textures of his 1882 paintings "Miragem" and "Fachada de Porta Soterrada". Some of his best works were painted on small wood panels no bigger than 100mm x 160mm in a poetic, luminous style.

The best collection of his work is at the National Museum Soares dos Reis, in Porto.


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