- Return of the Living Dead (film series)
Return of the Living Dead is a series of films that was produced between 1985-2005. The series came about as a dispute between
John Russoand George A. Romeroover how to handle sequels to their 1968 film, " Night of the Living Dead". The two reached a settlement wherein Romero's sequels would be referred to as the "Dead" movies, and Russo's sequels would bear the suffix "Living Dead". Thus, each man was able to do what he pleased with the series, while still having one another's work distinct and be considered canon. Following this decision, Russo wrote a horror novel, "Return of the Living Dead", which he planned on adapting into a film script. Although the film rights were initially sold in 1979, they were passed along by several different studios and directors before finally being obtained by Tobe Hooper, for whom Russo wrote a script. Hooper dropped out of the project, though, and the script never came to fruition.
Following Hooper's departure from the project, Russo, along with his new partner,
Dan O'Bannon, wrote a new script (with Russo adapting it into an accompanying novel), also entitled "The Return of the Living Dead". This project alleviated confusion amongst fans of Romero's work by including a scene in which a character acknowledges the George Romero films and explains that while they are based on true events, the events of the "Return" series are the "true story." In addition to this separation of the storylines, the films in the "Return" series are markedly more comedy based than Romero's films, with slapstickhumor.
Although Russo and O'Bannon were only directly involved with the first film in the series, the rest of the films, to varying degrees, stick to their outline and "rules" established in the first film.
The fourth and fifth films in the series were filmed simultaneously near the
Chernobylnuclear power station in Ukraine. Despite being intended for a theatrical release, edited versions of both films made their debut on the SciFi Channel on October 5, 2005and were later released on DVD.
"The Return of the Living Dead"
Medical supply warehouse foreman Frank (
James Karen) informs his new protege, Freddy (Thom Matthews) that "Night of the Living Dead" was a true story, based on events that occurred when a gas (2-4-5 Trioxin) was released into the morgue in the basement of a VFW hospital. As a matter of fact, the warehouse was the inadvertent recipient of several canisters, one of them containing a corpse - nicknamed "Tarman" ( Allan Trautman) due to his rotten appearance - sealed inside. Due to the canister's less than stellar durability, a light tap causes it to burst open, releasing Trioxin. The gas leaks out of control, which poisons Frank and Freddy and releases "Tarman" from his imprisonment within the tank. Frank and Freddy awaken to discover that various body parts (and bodies) in the warehouse are now alive, as well as the cadaver locked in the freezer, several disembodied limbs and even a dissected dog. Unaware that they are slowly turning into zombies due to the effects of the gas, Frank and Freddy enlist the help of the warehouse owner, Burt ( Clu Gulager), and his mortician friend, Ernie (Don Calfa), to cremate the cadaver and body parts. Unfortunately, the resulting smoke carries the evaporated trioxin with it, which then mixes with an overhead raincloud. It rains on a nearby cemetery, resulting in the reanimation of the buried corpses.
The zombies differ in this movie, in that they are fast, strong and intelligent as they were in their previous life, and can form words even when they are merely very degraded bodies. Instead of hunting humans for their flesh, they hunt for the humans' brains, stating that only the taste of the
endorphins contained inside human brains can ease their suffering. It appears that injuries to their brains do not have any effect, and the only way to fully destroy them is to cremate their bodies, although the ensuing smoke also spreads the contagious gas.
"Return of the Living Dead Part II"
The second film was written and directed by Ken Wiederhorn. The plot follows seven people as they attempt to escape their town after a mass of undead are awoken due to a barrel full of Trioxin gas that was left over from the first film. In what was considered by many to be a strange (and to some, sick) marketing strategy, the film was partially targeted towards children, with a main plotline (reminiscent of "ET" and "
The Goonies") revolving around a young boy and his friends' attempts to destroy the zombies. In this film it's revealed that powerful electric discharges are the only secure way of destroying the zombies without the risk of reanimating more corpses (it seems the electric energy annihilates completely the reanimative effect of the trioxin).
The film was released on
January 15, 1988, and made $9m at the box office in the USA.
"Return of the Living Dead 3"
The third film was produced and directed by
Brian Yuzna, noted for making the " Re-Animator" series. This film switches gears from the first two films' comedy/horror formula, instead being a romantic drama/teen romance/horror film. The story involves Curt, whose father, a Colonel in the US Army, is overseeing experiments being performed with Trioxin. After Curt's girlfriend, Julie, is killed in a motorcycle accident, he exposes her corpse to the gas, bringing her back to life as a zombie. Throughout the film, Julie, now one of the living dead, grows hungrier and hungrier for human brains. She discovers, though, that by causing herself pain via a series of more and more extreme body piercings with springs, nails, glass, basically whatever sharp objects she can find, that she can stave off, although only temporarily, the ghastly hunger growing within her. The two begin a cross-country trek to escape the US Army that ends in the city sewers when Curt, after witnessing Julie kill and eat Riverman, a friendly homeless man who gives them shelter, steps aside to let his father finally put Julie down. The film ends with Curt rescuing Julie from a fate worse than living death as a biomechanical killer for the military. In the end, after himself being bitten by a zombie, Curt and Julie step into an incinerator and embrace in a final kiss as the flames engulf them.
This film is currently available in its uncut form on the UK Region 2 DVD.
The film received a limited theatrical release on
October 29, 1993, where it was a financial failure, making back only $54,000 of its $2,000,000 budget at the boxoffice in the USA.
"Return of the Living Dead: Necropolis"
"Return of the Living Dead: Necropolis", the fourth film in the series, was filmed in
Romaniaand Ukraine. The film stars Peter Coyoteand Aimee Lynn Chadwick. The plot revolves around a group of teenagers attempting to rescue their friend from an evil corporation. In doing so, they wind up releasing a horde of blood thirsty zombies. An edited version of the film aired on the SciFi Channel on October 5, 2005. The R-rated version of the film was released on DVD on April 18, 2006. The film was originally advertised as "Return of the Living Dead 4: Necropolis" but once it was finally released, the number 4 was removed from the title. Both Necropolis and Rave are critizised for straying away from the series' rules.
Most notable of these changes is that Trioxin zombies are no longer the indestructible juggernauts of the first movie, but instead much weaker than even "
Romero zombies." Several times throughout the movie they are seen to be dispatched with no more than a few body shots, sometimes as few as two hits will end their undead life. Prior to this film nothing short of incineration or electrocution with extreme high voltage would terminate a trioxin zombie.
However, this may be a different form of Trioxin; here, it's referred to as "Trioxin 5," which may explain why the zombies are weaker.
"Return of the Living Dead: Rave from the Grave"
"Return of the Living Dead: Rave from the Grave" was filmed immediately after "Necropolis" using the same locations of
Romaniaand Ukraine. Both Peter Coyoteand Aimee Lynn Chadwick return from the previous installment. The film takes place one year after "Necropolis" and the returning teenage characters, from the previous film, are now college freshmen. They discover that Trioxin can be used as a recreational drug named 'Z', but the drug will eventually turn the user into a zombie. The speed of "zombification" depends on the dose of Trioxin consumed. An edited version of the film aired along with "Return of the Living Dead: Necropolis" on the SciFi Channel on October 5, 2005. As was the case with "Return of the Living Dead 4: Necropolis" switching to "Return of the Living Dead: Necropolis", "Return of the Living Dead: Rave from the Grave" was advertised as "Return of the Living Dead 5: Rave To the Grave" before removing the number 5 from the title. The R-rated version of the film was released on DVD on March 20, 2007 by Lions Gate.
*imdb title|id=0411805|title=Return of the Living Dead 4: Necropolis
*imdb title|id=0411806|title=Return of the Living Dead 5: Rave to the Grave
* [http://www.returnofthelivingdead4and5.com/4/roltd4intro.html Return of the Living Dead 4 Official site]
* [http://www.returnofthelivingdead4and5.com/5/roltd5intro.html Return of the Living Dead 5 Official site]
* [http://www.zubazpants.com/articles/archive/jbyrne09.html Halloween Madness: A Return of the Living Dead Breakdown]
* [http://uneedamed.tripod.com Uneeda Return of the Living Dead Site]
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