Joint Implementation

Joint Implementation

Joint implementation (JI) is one of three flexibility mechanisms set forth in the Kyoto Protocol to help countries with binding greenhouse gas emissions targets (so-called Annex I countries) meet their obligations. JI is set forth in Article 6 of the Kyoto Protocol. [For more on JI see] Under Article 6, any Annex I country can invest in emission reduction projects (referred to as "Joint Implementation Projects") in any other Annex I country as an alternative to reducing emissions domestically. In this way countries can lower the costs of complying with their Kyoto targets by investing in greenhouse gas reductions in an Annex I country where reductions are cheaper, and then applying the credit for those reductions towards their commitment goal.

A JI project might involve, for example, replacing a coal-fired power plant with a more efficient combined heat and power plant. Most JI projects are expected to take place in so-called "economies in transition," noted in Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol. [Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol identifies 12 economies in transition: Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, the Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, and the Ukraine. ] Currently Russia and Ukraine are slated to host the greatest number of JI projects. [For a list of JI projects currently in the pipeline see [] ]

Unlike the case of the Clean Development Mechanism, the JI has caused less concern of spurious emission reductions, as the JI, unlike the CDM, takes place in countries which have an emission reduction requirement.

The process of receiving credit for JI projects is somewhat complex. Emission reductions are awarded credits called Emission Reduction Units (ERUs), where one ERU represents an emission reduction equaling one tonne of CO2 equivalent. The ERUs come from the host country's pool of assigned emissions credits, known as AAUs. Each Annex I party has a predetermined amount of AAUs, calculated on the basis of its 1990 greenhouse gas emission levels. [The initial assigned amount of AAUs is equal to a country's 1990 level of greenhouse gas emissions, less five percent, multiplied over five years. Each AAU is worth 1 ton of C02 equivalent. This formula is set forth in Article 3 Paragraph 1 of the Kyoto Protocol. The actual emission limitations for each Annex I Party are listed in Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol. ] By requiring JI credits to come from a host country's pool of AAUs, the Kyoto Protocol ensures that the total amount of emissions credits among Annex I parties does not change for the duration of the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period. [To illustrate, suppose the Kyoto Protocol only had three Annex I parties, countries A, B and C, each having 100 AAUs for the whole first commitment period. This would mean that the total amount of credits at the beginning of the first commitment period would be equal to 300. Now suppose that A hosted a JI project for B, resulting in 10 credits-worth of emissions reductions. A would have to convert 10 of its AAUs to ERUs and transfer them to B. So in the end, A would have ten "less" credits, or 90 AAUs (100 AAUs minus 10 converted ERUs); B would have ten "more" credits (100 AAUs plus 10 ERUs from the project), and country C would remain with its 100 AAUs. The total number of credits at the end of the first commitment period would be the same -- 300.]

ee also

*Assigned Amount Unit
*Clean Development Mechanism
*Flexible Mechanisms

External links

* [ UNFCCC] Joint Implementation on the UNFCCC pages.
* [ Foundation Joint Implementation Network] Host of the Joint Implementation Quarterly (JIQ) newsletter.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joint Implementation —   [ dʒɔɪnt ɪmplɪmen teɪʃn; englisch »gemeinsame Ausführung«], Abkürzung JI, die gemeinsame Umsetzung der sich aus der Klimarahmenkonvention ergebenden Vertragsverpflichtungen. Dabei wird angenommen, dass gemeinsam ergriffene Maßnahmen des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Joint Implementation — Der Begriff Gemeinschaftsreduktion (GR) bzw. englisch Joint Implementation (JI) bezeichnet einen der im Kyoto Protokoll vorgesehenen flexiblen Mechanismen zur Reduktion von Schadstoffemissionen. Ist ein Staat im Annex B des Kyoto Protokolls… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joint Implementation — Methode zur internationalen Verminderung von Schadstoffen, bei denen sich ein Land A Vermeidungsmaßnahmen im Land B unter bestimmten Umständen anrechnen lassen kann, um seine Verpflichtungen zu erfüllen …   Lexikon der Economics

  • Joint Implementation — (JI)   Agreements made between two or more nations under the auspices of the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) whereby a developed country can receive emissions reduction units when it helps to finance projects that reduce net… …   Energy terms

  • Joint Implementation — /dʒɔɪnt ɪmpləmɛnˈteɪʃən/ (say joynt impluhmen tayshuhn) noun an arrangement under the Kyoto Protocol, by which a country with an emission reduction or limitation commitment under the Protocol is able to earn emission reduction units from a… …   Australian English dictionary

  • joint implementation project — bendrai įgyvendinamas projektas statusas Aprobuotas sritis poveikio aplinkai vertinimas apibrėžtis Veikla ir (ar) priemonės, kurias vykdant mažinamas į atmosferą išmetamų šiltnamio efektą sukeliančių dujų kiekis arba absorbuojamos šiltnamio… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Joint Ocean Commission Initiative — Type Commission Founded 2005 Key people William D. Ruckelshaus Norman Y. Mineta Area served United States …   Wikipedia

  • Joint application design — (JAD) is a process used in the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) to collect business requirements while developing new information systems for a company. The JAD process also includes approaches for enhancing user participation, expediting… …   Wikipedia

  • Implementation Force — Insigne de l IFOR Période 1995 – 1997 Allégeance OTAN …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joint Functional Component Command for Space and Global Strike — (JFCC SGS) was a component of the United States Strategic Command. It was headquartered at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. The Commander, JFCC SGS was dual hatted as the Commander, Eighth Air Force and Commander, JFCC SGS. On July 19, 2006, JFCC …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.