- Samuel Stritch
name = Samuel Alphonsius Cardinal Stritch †
See = Chicago (
Title = Pro-Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Propagation of the Faith
March 1, 1958– May 27, 1958
February 18, 1946
Predecessor = Pietro Cardinal Fumasoni Biondi †
Successor = Grégoire-Pierre Cardinal Agagianian †
post = Cardinal Archbishop of Chicago | date of birth =
August 17, 1887
place of birth = Nashville,
date of death =
May 27, 1958
place of death =
cardinal name=Samuel Cardinal Stritch
Samuel Alphonsius Cardinal Stritch (
August 17, 1887— May 27, 1958) was an American prelateof the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Chicago from 1940 to 1958 and Pro-Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Propagation of the Faith in 1958, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1946.
Samuel Stritch was born to Garret Katherine (née O'Malley) Stritch in Nashville,
Tennessee; both his father, the manager of Sycamore Millsin Nashville, and his mother were Irish immigrants [The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. [http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=S111 Samuel Alphonsus Stritch 1887-1958] ] . One of eight children, he had two brothers, Robert and Eugene, and five sisters. Stritch, considered something of a prodigyTIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,772332,00.html Stritch to Chicago] January 15, 1940] , finished grammar schoolat age 10 and high schoolat 14, later entering St. Gregory's Preparatory Seminary in Cincinnati, from where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1903TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,868506,00.html The Bishop of Charity] June 9, 1958] . He then traveled to Rometo study at the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide", residing at the Pontifical North American College.
Stritch was ordained to the priesthood by Pietro Cardinal Respighi on
May 21, 1910, at the Lateran Basilica. Whilst in Rome, he befriended Eugenio Pacelli, who later became Pope Pius XIIIbid.] . Upon returning to the United States, he did pastoral work in the Diocese of Nashville as pastor of [http://www.stpatsmemphis.org/ St. Patrick's Church] in Memphis until 1916, whence Stritch became private secretary to Bishop Thomas Byrne. He served as diocesan chancellor from 1917 to 1921, and was raised to the rank of Domestic Prelate of His Holiness on May 10, 1921.
August 10, 1921, Stritch was appointed Bishop of Toledo by Pope Benedict XV. He received his episcopal consecration on the following November 30from Archbishop Henry Moeller, with Bishops John Morris and Thomas Molloy serving as co-consecrators. At age 34, he was the youngest bishop in the United States. Stritch was later named Archbishop of Milwaukee on August 26, 1930. [ [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bstritch.html Samual Alphonsius Cardinal Stritch [Catholic-Hierarchy ] ]
During his nine-year tenure in Milwaukee, he was active in providing support to the victims of the Great Depression. It was because of the Depression that the Archbishop refused to restore either the
Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist, which was heavily damaged by a fire in 1935, or St. Francis Seminary [Archdiocese of Milwaukee. [http://www.archmil.org/bishops/BishopStritch.asp Former Archbishops: Archbishop Samuel Alphonsus Stritch] ] . He was also an advocate for Catholic Action, and an opponent of the controversial Fr. Charles Coughlin, once writing a letter to a Milwaukee rabbiin which he rebuked those who "gain and hold a popular audience, degrade themselves and abuse the trust reposed in them by misquoting, half-quoting, and actually insinuating half-truths". In November1939, he was elected board chairman of the National Catholic Welfare Conference, the predecessor of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.
Strich was made Archbishop of Chicago on
December 27, 1939, being formally installed on January 3, 1940. He was the personal choice of Archbishop Amleto Cicognani for the post, although President Franklin Roosevelt was reputed to have wanted Bishop Bernard Sheil instead. Pope Pius XIIcreated him Cardinal Priest of " Sant'Agnese fuori le mura" in the consistoryof February 18, 1946. [ [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios-s.htm#Stritch The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographies - S ] ] As Archbishop, Stritch oversaw the establishment of the first American chapter of the organization Opus Dei, the launching of the Christian Family Movement, and an outreach to the Puerto Rican community [TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,863101,00.html Cardinal to Rome] March 10, 1958] .
July1954, he issued a pastoral letterstrongly exhorting IllinoisCatholics to abstain from the assembly of the World Council of Churchesat Evanston, writing, "The Catholic Church does not...enter into any organization in which the delegates of many sects sit down in council or conference as equals...She does not allow her children to engage in any activity...based on the false assumption that Roman Catholics, too, are still searching for the truth of Christ" [TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,857494,00.html Catholics Barred] July 19, 1954] , inciting the dismay of several Protestant and ecumenical figures. However, earlier in 1943, Stritch attended a peace program held by American Protestant, Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Jewish leaders [TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,774623,00.html?iid=chix-sphere Seven Points for Peace] October 11, 1943] .
March 1, 1958, he was appointed Pro- Prefectof the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of Faith, thus becoming the first American to head a dicasteryof the Roman Curia. As Pro-Prefect under Pietro Cardinal Fumasoni Biondi, Stritch directed the Church's missionaryefforts. In Maythat same year, a blood clot [TIME Magazine. [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,863336,00.html The Cardinal's Ordeal] May 5, 1958] required the Cardinal's right arm to be amputated above the elbow. Following the operation, he suffered a strokeon May 18, and died eight days later, at age 70.
Elaine Stritchis his niece.
Cardinal Stritch Universityin Milwaukee is named for him, as are Cardinal Stritch High Schoolin Oregon, Ohio, a junior and senior high school in Keokuk, Iowa, and Loyola University Chicago's school of medicine.
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Samuel Stritch — Samuel Alphonse Kardinal Stritch Samuel Alphonse Kardinal Stritch (* 17. August 1887 in Nashville, USA; † 26. Mai 1958 in Rom) war Erzbischof von Chicago und später ein Kurienkardinal der römisch katholischen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Samuel Alphonse Stritch — Samuel Alphonse Kardinal Stritch (* 17. August 1887 in Nashville, USA; † 26. Mai 1958 in Rom) war Erzbischof von Chicago und später ein Kurienkardinal der römisch katholischen Kirche. Leben Samuel Stritch studierte in Cincinnati und Rom die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Stritch School of Medicine — is the medical school affiliated with Loyola University Chicago. It is located at the heart of the Loyola University Medical Center in Maywood, Illinois.cite web |url=http://www.meddean.luc.edu/admissions/factsheet.htm |title=Stritch School of… … Wikipedia
Stritch — may refer to:* Samuel Cardinal Stritch, ninth bishop and fourth archbishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Chicago ** Cardinal Stritch High School ** Cardinal Stritch University * Elaine Stritch, actress and singerRahsaan Roland Kirk also called … Wikipedia
Stritch — steht für: Samuel Kardinal Stritch (* 1887, † 1958), Erzbischof von Chicago Elaine Stritch (* 1925), US amerikanische Schauspielerin Stritch (Saxophon), das umgebaute Buescher Altsaxophon des Jazzmusikers Rahsaan Roland Kirk … Deutsch Wikipedia
Stritch (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Classement par ordre alphabétique du prénom Elaine Stritch (1925 ), actrice et chanteuse américaine ; Samuel Alphonsus Stritch (1887 1958) … Wikipédia en Français
Elaine Stritch — Infobox actress imagesize = 180px caption = birthdate = birth date and age|1926|02|2 [http://www.thevillager.com/villager 56/strichatliberty.html ‘Stritch At Liberty,’ as she always was and will be ] ] birthplace = Detroit, Michigan spouse = John … Wikipedia
Cardinal Stritch University — Infobox University name = Cardinal Stritch University native name = image size = 300px caption = latin name = motto = mottoeng = established = 1937 closed = type = Private affiliation = Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi (Roman Catholic) endowment … Wikipedia
Cardinal Stritch High School — Infobox University name = Cardinal Stritch High School motto = Deus Adjutor Meus established = 1960 type = Private, Catholic, coeducational head label = President head = Father David Reinhart city = Oregon state = Ohio country = USA undergrad =… … Wikipedia