- Canterbury Castle
lat = 51.275094
long = 1.076353
caption = Map showing the location of Canterbury Castle within
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Canterbury Castle is a
motte-and-baileyNorman Castle in Canterbury, Kent, England(gbmapping|TR14545743).cite web |title=Canterbury Castle |url=http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=464740 |publisher=Pastscape.org.uk |accessdate=2008-05-30] It is five minutes walk from Canterbury East Station and main bus station around City Wall.
Canterbury Castle was one of the three original Royal castles of
Kent(the other two Rochester Castleand Dover Castle). They were all built very soon after the Battle of Hastings, on the main Roman road from Doverto London. This was the route taken by William the Conquerorin October 1066, and they were built originally as motte-and-bailey castles to guard this important route. [ [http://www.canterburytrust.co.uk/schools/keysites/castle.htm Canterbury Trust] ]
motte and baileycastle was erected in 1066 - its motte may be the mound which is still visible in the Dane John gardens near the stone castle (which may in turn be a Roman burial mound), with Dane John deriving from " donjon".
The great stone
keepwas largely constructed in the reign of Henry I as one of three Royal castles in Kent. This massive structure, which has dimensions of about 98 by 85 feet externally at the base, was originally probably at least 80 feet high. It is mainly made of flint and sandstone rubble. By the 13th century the castle had become the county gaol. It was given up to the invading French in the First Barons' War. In 1380 a new gate was built. [ [http://www.canterbury.co.uk/cgi-bin/buildpage.pl?mysql=314 Canterbury Castle 1 canterbury.co.uk] ]
By the 19th century it had been obtained by a gas company and used as a storage centre for gas for many years, during which time the top floor was destroyed.
The Castle is now owned by the local authority and is open to the public all year round.
Images of Canterbury Castle
*Fry, Plantagenet Somerset, "The David & Charles Book of Castles", David & Charles, 1980. ISBN 0-7153-7976-3
* [http://www.canterburytrust.co.uk/schools/keysites/castle.htm Canterbury Trust - Canterbury Castle]
* [http://www.canterbury.co.uk/thedms.asp?dms=13&venue=3030599 Norman Castle at Canterbury Castle]
* [http://www.canterburytrust.co.uk/schools/gallery/gall06.htm Archaeological and historical sources, reconstructions]
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