Camillo Berneri

Camillo Berneri

Camillo Berneri (also known as Camillo da Lodi; May 28 1897, Lodi—May 5 1937, Barcelona) was an Italian professor of philosophy, anarchist militant, propagandist and theorist.

Berneri, a World War I veteran, University of Florence professor of humanities, and a member of the Unione Anarchica Italiana, had been opposed to the takeover of his country by Fascists, engaging in resistance until 1926, when he was forced to take refuge to France, then Switzerland, Germany, Belgium, Luxembourg, and finally the Netherlands. In all these countries, Berneri was frequently placed under arrest, being usually expelled. Although under constant surveillance, he nonetheless wrote on several topics, mostly anti-clerical and anti-fascist articles.

With Carlo Rosselli, Berneri organized the first column of Italian volunteers to fight in the Spanish Civil War against Francisco Franco's attempted takeover, where he took part in the battles of Monte Pelado and Huesca (in Aragon) together with the Spanish anarchists of Francisco Ascaso Column and the Italians of the Matteotti Battalion. He became highly critical of the involvement of Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) members in the Popular Front government, expressing his views in an open letter to Federica Montseny (Anarchist minister for Health).

During the Barcelona May Days, as squads of Communist Party of Spain members (apparently under orders from Joseph Stalin) took to the streets in order to hunt down leading anarchists, Berneri was dragged from his home and murdered. His body, riddled with bullets, was found during the night, near the headquarters of the Generalitat de Catalunya.

He was married to Giovanna Berneri, and was father of Marie-Louise Berneri and Giliane Berneri, all of whom were also anarchists.

See also

*Anarchism in Italy

External links

* [http://libcom.org/history/berneri-luigi-camillo-1897-1937 Camillo Berneri Page] on Libcom site
* [http://recollectionbooks.com/bleed/Encyclopedia/BerneriCamillo.htm Camillo Berneri Page] on the Anarchist Encyclopedia site
* [http://struggle.ws/berneri.html The Writings of Camillo Berneri]
* [http://www.anarchyisorder.org/CD%234/TXT-versions/Berneri,%20Camillo%20-%20Selected%20Writings.txt Selected Writings]
** [http://www.anarchyisorder.org/CD%234/Lay-outed%20texts/PDF-versions/Berneri,%20Camillo%20-%20Selected%20Writings.pdf (PDF)]


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См. также в других словарях:

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  • Camillo Berneri — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Camillo Berneri Camillo Berneri (también conocido como Camillo da Lodi; 1897, Lodi 5 de mayo de 1937, Barcelona) Casado desde 1917 con Giovannina Caleffi con la que tuvo dos hijas Marie …   Wikipedia Español

  • Giovanna Berneri — Giovannina Caleffi, más conocida como Giovanna Berneri, nace el 5 de mayo de 1897 en Gualtieri cerca de Reggio Emilia. El 3 de enero de 1917 se casa con Camillo Berneri y la pareja se instala en Florencia, es madre de Marie Louise y Giliana… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marie Louise Berneri — (Arezzo, Italia, 1918 Londres, 1949) fue una escritora y propagandista anarquista. Hija mayor de Camillo Berneri y de Giovannina Caleffi, y compañera de Vernon Richards. Vivió la mayor parte de su vida en su país de adopción, Inglaterra,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Marie-Louise Berneri — (March 1, 1918 – April 13, 1949) was an anarchist activist and author. She was involved with the short lived publication, Revision, with Luis Mercier Vega and was a member of the group that edited Revolt, War Commentary, and the Freedom newspaper …   Wikipedia

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