- Lieutenancies Act 1997
The Lieutenancies Act 1997 (1997 c. 23) is an
Act of Parliamentin the United Kingdom, that defines areas that Lord-Lieutenants are appointed to in Great Britain. It came into force on July 1, 1997.
Creation of modern local government
Prior to the
Local Government Act 1888, a Lord-Lieutenant was appointed to each of the counties. However this Act redefined the areas to be combinations of the new administrative counties and county boroughs. In practice the effect was quite minor, with only a few border differences between the historic and new administrative counties.
These areas changed little until the
1965creation of Greater Londonand Huntingdon and Peterborough, which resulted in the abolition of the offices of Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex, Lord Lieutenant of the County of Londonand Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshireand the creation of the Lord Lieutenant of Greater Londonand Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdon and Peterborough.
Local government re-organisation
1974, administrative counties and county boroughs were abolished in England and Wales, and a major reform took place. At this time, Lieutenancy was redefined to use the new metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties directly.A year later the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973came info force, but this Act redefined the Lieutenancies not to be based on the new Scottish Regions, but an approximation of the traditional counties in some places and entirely new creations in others.
The effect of both Acts was the creation of a whole set of new Lieutenancies that were not based on traditional counties in any way.
Many of these Lieutenancies were not to last however. By the mid-1990s another local government reorganisation was underway and many of the non-metropolitan counties in England were re-organised, resulting in the creation of unitary authorities. Local government in Scotland and Wales moved to a system based entirely on unitary authorities.
At this time plans were drawn up for the Lieutenancies Act which would separate the Lieutenancy areas from being directly based on local government areas again. Although not actually used in the Act, these areas have come to be known as "ceremonial counties".
Passage through Parliament
The Lieutancies Bill was introduced in the
House of Lordsby the Lord Chancellorin January 1997, as a consolidation bill, to simplify and replace earlier legislation. [cite hansard|url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199697/ldhansrd/vo970113/text/70113-06.htm|column=19|date=13 January 1997|house=House of Lords] It had its second reading soon afterwards [cite hansard|url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199697/ldhansrd/vo970120/text/70120-03.htm|date=January 20, 1997|house=House of Lords|column_start=384|column_end=385] [cite hansard|url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199697/ldhansrd/vo970303/text/70303-03.htm|date=3 March 1997|column_start=1503|column_end=1504] As a consolidation bill it was not subject to debate in the Commons at the second and third readings. [ [http://www.parliament.uk/glossary/glossary.cfm?ref=consoli_4880 Parliament: Consolidation Bill] ]
*In England the "ceremonial counties" are defined in terms of local government areas created by the
Local Government Act 1972as amended.
*In Scotland the ceremonial areas as defined by
statutory instrument. The current such one being The Lord-Lieutenants (Scotland) Order 1996, Statutory Instrument 1996 No. 731 (S.83)
*In Wales they are defined as the "preserved counties" — currently defined as combinations of local government areas by the Preserved Counties (Amendment to Boundaries) (Wales) Order 2003, Statutory Instrument 2003 No. 974 (W.133).
Ceremonial counties of England
Lieutenancy areas of Scotland
Preserved counties of Wales
* [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts1997/1997023.htm Lieutenancies Act 1997]
* [http://www.hmso.gov.uk/si/si1996/Uksi_19960731_en_1.htm The Lord-Lieutenants (Scotland) Order 1996]
* [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/legislation/wales/wsi2003/20030974e.htm Preserved Counties (Amendment to Boundaries) (Wales) Order 2003]
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