- Roderick MacFarquhar
Roderick Lemonde MacFarquhar (born
December 2, 1930) is a Harvard Universityprofessor and Chinaspecialist, British politician, newspaper and television journalist and academic orientalist. He served briefly as a Member of Parliament.
Family and early life
MacFarquhar was the son of Sir
Alexander MacFarquhar, a member of the Indian Civil Service and later a senior diplomat at the United Nationswhere he eventually became Under Secretary for Personnel.
He was born in
Lahore, Pakistanand educated at the leading Scottish public school, Fettes College.
Academic and journalistic career
After spending part of his
national servicefrom 1949 to 1950 in Egyptand Jordanas a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Tank Regiment, he went up to Keble College, Oxford to read Philosophy, Politics and Economics, obtaining a BA in 1953. He then went on to obtain a Master's degree from Harvard Universityin Far Eastern Regional Studies in 1955.
He worked as a journalist on the staff of the "
Daily Telegraph" and " Sunday Telegraph" from 1955 to 1961 specialising in China, and also reported for BBCtelevision "Panorama" from 1963 to 1964. He was editor of "China Quarterly" from 1959 to 1968, and a non-resident Fellow of St Antony's College, Oxfordfrom 1965 to 1968. In 1969 he was a Senior Research Fellow at Columbia Universityin New York City, and in 1971 he returned to England to hold a similar fellowship at the Royal Institute of International Affairs. He was also the founding co-presenter of BBC World Service"24 Hours" in 1971.
In the 1966 general election, MacFarquhar fought the Ealing South constituency for the Labour Party but failed to dislodge the sitting Conservative MP. Two years later, he was Labour candidate who attempted to retain the Meriden seat in a by-election; he was on the wrong end of a 18.4% swing at the height of the Wilson government's unpopularity.
Following the defeat of George Brown in 1970 and favourable boundary changes, MacFarquhar was selected to fight the Belper constituency, and at the February 1974 general election succeeded in winning the seat from its sitting Conservative MP
Geoffrey Stewart-Smith. Although he won, there was an estimated swing of 4% to the Conservatives had the same boundaries applied in the previous election.
MacFarquhar proved a moderate figure, in line with Brown's views. He abstained on a vote to remove the disqualification of left-wing Labour councillors in
Clay Crosswho had broken council housing laws enacted by the previous Conservative government. However there were exceptions: he also abstained on a vote to increase the Civil listpayments on February 26, 1975. He acted as Parliamentary Private Secretary(PPS) to David Ennals, a minister of the state at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and retained the job when Ennals was promoted to be Secretary of State for Social Services. He was made a member of the Select Committee on Science and Technology.
In 1978 MacFarquhar resigned his office as PPS after voting against the Government. In that year, he became a Governor of the
School of Oriental and African Studies, a University of Londonconstituent body. The post gave him a job which he could do if he lost his seat. In the 1979 general election, MacFarquhar did indeed lose by 800 votes, and returned to academia and broadcasting (returning to "24 Hours" for a year).
He remained involved in politics and his moderate beliefs made him increasingly uncomfortable in the Labour Party: on
October 22, 1981he announced that he had joined the Social Democratic Party. He fought the South Derbyshire seat, which contained most of then-abolished Belper, for the SDP in the 1983 general election, and nearly succeeded in beating the Labour candidate, although the seat was easily won by the Conservatives.
ubsequent academic career
In 1981 he was awarded a PhD by the University of London. He was a Fellow of the Woodrow Wilson Centre in Washington D.C. in 1980-81 and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences since 1986. He was also a Leverhulme Research Fellow from 1980 until 1983 and a Walter Channing Cabot Fellow at Harvard in 1993-1994. He is currently the Leroy B. Williams Professor of History and Political Science at Harvard University, and has written many books and articles on modern Chinese subjects. He is considered the West's preeminent scholar of Chinese politics from the founding of the People's Republic through the Cultural Revolution.
He is the author of:
*1960 "The Hundred Flowers Campaign and the Chinese Intellectuals"
*1961 "The Sino-Soviet Dispute"
*1966 "China under Mao"
*1972 "Sino-American Relations: 1949-1971"
*1972 "The Forbidden City"
*1974-1997 "The Origins of the Cultural Revolution" (3 volumes)
and has been joint editor and contributor to:
*1987, 1991 "The Cambridge History of China", vol. 14 and 15
*1989 "The Secret Speeches of Chairman Mao"
*1991 "Perspectives on Modern China: Four Anniversaries"
*1993, 1997 "The Politics of China: 1949-1989" and revised edition
*1999 "The Paradox of China's Post-Mao Reforms"
*2004 "The Politics of China"
*2006 "Mao's Last Revolution" (with Michael Schoenhals)
* [http://www.gov.harvard.edu/faculty/rmacfarquhar/ Home page] at Harvard.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Roderick MacFarquhar — Roderick Mac Farquhar Roderick Mac Farquhar est un universitaire américain, professeur à l Université de Harvard, spécialiste de l histoire de la Chine au XXe siècle. Biographie Cette section est vide, pas assez détaillée ou incomplète.… … Wikipédia en Français
MacFarquhar — is a surname, and may refer to:* Colin Macfarquhar * Neil MacFarquhar * Roderick MacFarquharee also* Farquhar … Wikipedia
Cultural Revolution — This article is about the People s Republic of China. For Iran s Islamic Cultural Revolution, see Iranian Cultural Revolution. Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution Cultural Revolution propaganda poster. It depicts Mao Zedong, above a group of… … Wikipedia
Mao Zedong — Mao redirects here. For other uses, see Mao (disambiguation). This is a Chinese name; the family name is Mao. Mao Ze dong 毛泽东 Official 1967 Portrait of Mao Ze … Wikipedia
Great Leap Forward — For other uses, see Great Leap Forward (disambiguation). History of the People s Republic of China … Wikipedia
Peng Zhen — Die ist ein Chinesischer Name; der Familienname ist Peng. Peng Zhen (chinesisch 彭真 Péng Zhēn, W. G. P eng Chen; * 12. Oktober 1902 in Quwo in der Provinz Shanxi; † 26. April 1997 in Peking) war Bürgermeister und 1. Sekretär des… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Belper (UK Parliament constituency) — Election box candidate with party link party = Labour Party (UK) candidate = Oliver Wright votes = 7,942 percentage = 38.9 change = Election box majority votes = 4,552 percentage = 22.2 change = Election box turnout votes = 20,436 percentage = 63 … Wikipedia
Mass killings under Communist regimes — Part of the series on Communism … Wikipedia
Wang Hongwen — (chinesisch 王洪文 Wáng Hóngwén; * 1934/35 Changchun; † 3. August 1992 Peking) war ein chinesischer Politiker und ein Shanghaier Rebellenanführer während der Kulturrevolution. Er war das jüngste Mitglied der sogenannten „Viererbande“… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gruppe Kulturrevolution — Die Gruppe Kulturrevolution (eigentlich: Zentrale Gruppe Kulturrevolution; chinesisch 中央文革小组, zhōngyāng wéngé xiǎozǔ) wurde im Mai 1966 als Nachfolgeorganisation des Sekretariats des Zentralkomitees der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas und der… … Deutsch Wikipedia