Jelly fungus


Jelly fungus

Taxobox
name = Heterobasidiomycetes



image_width = 250px
image_caption = A jelly fungus ("Tremella" cf. "fuciformis")
regnum = Fungi
divisio = Basidiomycota
subdivisio = Agaricomycotina
classis = Heterobasidiomycetes
subdivision_ranks = Orders
subdivision =
Tremellales
Auriculariales
Dacryomycetales
The class Heterobasidiomycetes or jelly fungi is a paraphyletic group of several fungal orders: Tremellales, Auriculariales, Dacrymycetales. These fungi are so named because their foliose to irregularly branched fruiting body is, or appears to be, the consistency of jelly. Actually, many are somewhat rubbery and gelatinous. When dried, jelly fungi become hard and shriveled; when exposed to water, they return to their original form.

A number of the jelly fungi can be eaten raw; poisonous jelly fungi are rare. However, many species are not of a texture or taste that one would want to consume. They may or may not be sought in mushroom hunting due to their taste, which is described as similar to that of soil. However, some species, "Tremella fuciformis" for example, are not only edible but highly prized for use in soup and vegetable dishes.

List of jellies

*"Auricularia auricula-judae" - wood ear, Judas' ear, Jew's Ear
*"Auricularia polytricha" - cloud ear
*"Calocera cornea"
*"Calocera viscosa" - yellow tuning fork, yellow stagshorn fungus
*"Dacrymyces palmatus" - orange jelly
*"Dacryopinax spathularia"
*"Exidia glandulosa" - black jelly roll, witches' butter
*"Guepiniopsis alpinus" - golden jelly cone
*"Phlogiotis helvelloides" - apricot jelly
*"Pseudohydnum gelatinosum" - jelly tooth, jelly tongue
*"Tremella foliacea" - jelly leaf
*"Tremella fuciformis" - snow fungus
*"Tremella mesenterica" - witches' butter, yellow brain fungus
*"Tremellodendron pallidium" - jellied false coral

External links

* [http://americanmushrooms.com/jellies.htm AmericanMushrooms.com: Jelly Fungi]
* [http://tolweb.org/tree?group=Hymenomycetes&contgroup=Basidiomycota Tree of Life Project: Hymenomycetes]
* [http://helios.bto.ed.ac.uk/bto/FungalBiology/jelly.htm#top "Jelly Fungi" from Deacon, J: "Fungal Biology", Blackwell Publishing, 2005]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • jelly fungus — noun any fungus of the order Tremellales or Auriculariales whose fruiting body is jellylike in consistency when fresh • Hypernyms: ↑fungus • Hyponyms: ↑snow mushroom, ↑Tremella fuciformis, ↑witches butter, ↑Tremella lutescens, ↑T …   Useful english dictionary

  • jelly fungus — noun a jelly like fungus in the class Heterobasidiomycetes …   Wiktionary

  • jelly fungus — /ˈdʒɛli fʌŋgəs/ (say jelee fungguhs) noun (plural jelly fungi /ˈdʒɛli fʌŋgi/ (say jelee funggee) or jelly funguses) any of various fungi which have a fruiting body with the consistency of jelly …   Australian English dictionary

  • jelly fungus — any of various fungi of the order Tremellales, distinguished by gelatinous basidiocarp. * * * …   Universalium

  • Jelly — may refer to:* Gelatin, a translucent brittle solid substance, extracted from the collagen inside animals connective tissue ** Gelatin dessert, referred to as jelly in Britain and other countries, popular brands include Jell O, Rowntree s and… …   Wikipedia

  • fungus — fungic /fun jik/, adj. funguslike, adj. /fung geuhs/, n., pl. fungi /fun juy, fung guy/, funguses, adj. n. 1. any of a diverse group of eukaryotic single celled or multinucleate organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing the organic… …   Universalium

  • Cloud ear fungus — Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi …   Wikipedia

  • Snow fungus — Taxobox name = Snow fungus image width = 250px regnum = Fungi divisio = Basidiomycota subdivisio = Agaricomycotina classis = Heterobasidiomycetes ordo = Tremellales familia = Tremellaceae genus = Tremella species = T. fuciformis binomial =… …   Wikipedia

  • Tooth fungus — Tooth fungi are a relatively small polyphyletic group of fungi whose mushroom bears its spores on a hymenium a layer of mother cells Although many tooth fungi are hard and inedible, some are prized both for their flavor and their ease of… …   Wikipedia

  • ear fungus — noun widely distributed edible fungus shaped like a human ear and growing on decaying wood • Syn: ↑Jew s ear, ↑Jew s ears, ↑Auricularia auricula • Hypernyms: ↑jelly fungus • Member Holonyms: ↑Auricularia, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary


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