House of Keys


House of Keys

The House of Keys ( _gv. Kiare as Feed) is the directly elected lower branch of Tynwald, the parliament of the Isle of Man, the other branch being the Legislative Council.

The oldest reference to the name known is in a document of 1417, written by an English scholar in Latin, which refers to _la. "Claves Mann" and _la. "Claves Legis" ('The Keys of Mann' and 'The Keys to Laws'). There is a dispute, however, over the origin of the name. The word 'keys' is thought by some to be an English corruption of the Norse word "kjósa" meaning 'chosen'. However a more likely explanation is that it is a mishearing of the Manx-language term for 'four and twenty', _gv. "kiare as feed" (pronounced "kee-air..."), the House having always had 24 members. The Manx-language name of the House of Keys remains _gv. "Yn Chiare as Feed" ('The Four and Twenty').

Members are known as Members of the House of Keys, or MHKs. Citizens over the age of sixteen may vote, while one must be at least twenty-one years old and a resident of the Island for three years to be elected. There are fifteen constituencies, based on the sheadings, two of which choose three MHKs each, five choose two MHKs each, and eight choose one MHK each. The term of the House of Keys is normally fixed at five years, but provisions exist for dissolution before the expiration of the term.

The Speaker of the House of Keys (SHK) is an MHK chosen to be the presiding officer. He may vote in the same manner as other members, but he may also abstain, unlike the others. (If, however, the vote is tied, the Speaker may not abstain and must cast the deciding vote.) Unusually for a legislative body attendance is required by law and if a member cannot attend they must request permission for absence.

The House of Keys elects most of the members of the Legislative Council. Also, legislation does not usually originate in the Council. Thus, the Keys have much more power than the Council, which performs the function of a revising chamber.

The House of Keys meets about once each month with the Legislative Council in a joint session called "Tynwald Court". The President of Tynwald, elected by both branches, presides over Tynwald Court and over the Legislative Council. Once each year, however, the Lieutenant Governor presides on Tynwald Day, the Isle of Man's national day.

Latest election

Current members

Member's salaries and expenses allowances

From April 2006

* Members basic salary £34,152.00 per annum

* Expenses allowance up to £5,790.38 per annum

Details of additional sums for additional responsibilities can be seen on the Tynwald article

External links

* [http://www.tynwald.org.im/keys/ House of Keys]
* [http://www.tynwald.org.im/keys/elections-to-the-house.shtml Elections to the House]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/isle_of_man/4690678.stm Enfranchisement @ 16 years (BBC)]
* [http://www.iomelections.com iomelections.com - 2006 General Election]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • House Of Keys — La House of Keys (Yn Chiare as Feed en mannois, Chambre des Clefs en français) est la chambre basse du Tynwald, le Parlement de l’île de Man, dont les membres sont directement élus. L’autre chambre est le Conseil législatif. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • House of keys — La House of Keys (Yn Chiare as Feed en mannois, Chambre des Clefs en français) est la chambre basse du Tynwald, le Parlement de l’île de Man, dont les membres sont directement élus. L’autre chambre est le Conseil législatif. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • House of Keys — n. the lower, elective house of the legislature of the Isle of Man …   English World dictionary

  • House of Keys — ► NOUN ▪ the elected chamber of Tynwald, the parliament of the Isle of Man …   English terms dictionary

  • House of Keys — 54°09′03″N 4°28′56″O / 54.15083, 4.48222 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • House of Keys — Wappen der Insel Man Das House of Keys (deutsch: Haus der Schlüssel) ist das direkt gewählte Unterhaus des Tynwalds, des Parlaments der Insel Man. Das Oberhaus ist der Legislative Council. Die erste bekannte urkundliche Erwähnung des Namens… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • House of Keys — the lower house of the legislature of the Isle of Man. * * * House of Keys see under ↑Keys • • • Main Entry: ↑house * * * House of Keys, the body of 24 representatives which constitutes the lower house of the legislature of the Isle of Man …   Useful english dictionary

  • House of Keys — the lower house of the legislature of the Isle of Man. * * * …   Universalium

  • House of Keys — noun The lower house of the Tynwald, the Isle of Man parliament …   Wiktionary

  • House of Keys — noun the elective or lower house of the legislature of the Isle of Man …   Australian English dictionary


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